Bushehr Province

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Bushehr Province
استان بوشهر
Province
Map of Bushehr Province
Map of Bushehr Province
Map of Iran with Bushehr highlighted
Location of Bushehr within Iran
Coordinates: 28°55′06″N 50°50′18″E / 28.9184°N 50.8382°E / 28.9184; 50.8382Coordinates: 28°55′06″N 50°50′18″E / 28.9184°N 50.8382°E / 28.9184; 50.8382
Country  Iran
Region Region 2 [1]
Capital Bushehr
Counties 10
Area
 • Total 22,743 km2 (8,781 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 1,032,949
 • Density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone IRST (UTC+03:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRST (UTC+04:30)
Main language(s) Persian, Lurish, Arabic

Bushehr Province (Persian: استان بوشهر‎, Ostān-e Būshehr ) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country, with a long coastline onto the Persian Gulf. Its center is Bandar-e-Bushehr, the provincial capital. The province has nine counties: Asaluyeh, Bushehr, Dashtestan, Dashti, Dayyer, Deylam, Jam, Kangan, Ganaveh and Tangestan. In 2011, the province had a population of approximately 500,000 people.

The province was put as part of Region 2 upon the division of the provinces into 5 regions solely for coordination and development purposes on June 22nd, 2014.[3]

History[edit]

The Greeks knew of Bushehr by Mezambria during the battles of Nearchus. A French excavating team however in 1913 determined the origin of Bushehr to date back to the Elamite Empire. A city there, known as Lyan, contained a temple that was designed to protect the compound from naval attacks. Its remains can still be seen today 10 kilometers south of the present city of Bushehr.

Marco Polo describes this region as part of the Persian province of Shabankareh

A key turning point in the history of Bor event of significance is known to have taken place in this region until the arrival of the European colonialists in the 16th century.

The Portuguese, invaded the city of Bushehr in 1506 and remained there until Shah Abbas Safavi defeated and liberated the Persian Gulf region of their presence. By 1734, Bushehr had once again risen to prominence due to Nadir Shah of the Afsharid dynasty, and his military policies in The Persian Gulf.

Bushehr was selected by Nadir to be the central base of Nadir's Naval fleet in the Persian Gulf. He thus changed the name of the city to Bandar e Nadiriyeh (Nadir's Port). He hired an Englishman by the name of John Elton to help build his fleet. Dutch accounts report his naval fleet to have amounted to 8000-10000 personnel as well as several ship construction installations.

After Nadir's death, the Dutch continued to have good commercial relations in Bushehr, until the British made their debut in Bushehr in 1763 by a contract they signed with Karim Khan of the Zand dynasty. By then, the city of Bushehr had become Iran's major port city in the Persian Gulf. By the Qajar era, Britain, Norway, Russia, Italy, France, Germany, and the Ottomans had diplomatic and commercial offices there, with Britain steadily gaining a foothold in the area. Close to 100 British ships are reported to have docked at the port city every year during the Qajar era.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Bushehr Province:

Map Province capital County capital
Bushehr Bushehr
Asaluyeh Asaluyeh
Bushehr Bushehr
Dashtestan Borazjan
Dashti Khormoj
Dayyer Dayyer
Deylam Deylam
Ganaveh Ganaveh
Jam Jam
Kangan Kangan
Tangestan Ahram

Bushehr today[edit]

The coast in Bushehr by the Persian Gulf.

Aside from the revived port city of Bushehr, which is the second main naval port of Iran after Bandar Abbas, Bushehr also has come back recently in the spotlight for three main reasons:

Kharg Island (Khark Island)[edit]

During the Iran-Iraq war, Iran's major petroleum exporting ports in Khuzestan sustained damages so severe that a second port in Kharg Island was selected to carry on the major responsibility of Iran's petroleum exports, though even Kharg was not immune from Iraqi air raids.

Bushehr Nuclear Reactor[edit]

The Bushehr Light water PWR Nuclear Reactor, designed by Siemens AG, built by the Russians, is Iran's first Nuclear Power Plant reactor.

The industrial corridor of Assalouyeh[edit]

As many as 70,000 foreign engineers and technicians are currently working in this industrial zone 270 kilometers south of the provincial capital. This zone is where the nearby famous South Pars Gas field is located, where Iran has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in infrastructure. The South Pars Gas field is the world's largest natural gas field.

The Assalouyeh industrial zone is deemed so lucrative that even American companies such as American Allied International Corp and Halliburton have bypassed American sanctions to become somehow involved in the zone.[1]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Sports[edit]

Football is the most popular sports in Boushehr. Boushehr is home to a famous football team: Shahin-e Boushehr (Pars-e Jonoubi).

Shahin Vs. Perspolis - Result was Shahin 4 - Perspolis 1.

Shahin is one of the oldest soccer team in Iran which has found in 1942. Shahin is one of the most popular teams in current Iranian football league just like Tractor-Sazi from Tabriz.

Shahin Players in current league are: Mojtaba Roshangar (1), Mohsen Hamidi (2), Lec chiera (3), Ahmad Al Neme(4), Reza Bazyari (5), Mehdi Nouri (6), Sattar Zare (7), Sadeq Karami (8), Abdolah Karami (10), Mohsen Iran Nejad (11), Masoud Nazar Zade (12), Hamid Reza Soleimani (14), Bahman Shirvani (15), Mehdi Kiani (16), Abbas Pour Khosravani (17), Amjad Shokomaqam (18), Uche Irome (19), Iman Heydari (20), Ivan Petrovic (21), Majid Gholami (22), Ali Salmani (23), Amir Hosein Mohammadi (24), Aref Zobeidi (26), Mansour Tanhaie (27), Mostafa Rajaie (33), and coaching by Hamid Isteely.

Some attractions of Bushehr[edit]

Bandar Gonaveh

Despite its unique potentials, Bushehr remains to be developed for absorbing tourists and seriously lacks the necessary investment for tourism. The city of Bushehr has 3-star hotels, an airport, and modern amenities. The Cultural heritage Organization of Iran lists up to 45 sites of historical and cultural significance in the province. Some are listed below:

  • Persian Gulf Beach(Bushehr)
  • Deje Borazjan
  • kakhe tauke (borazjan)
  • Shahzade Ebrahim (Shazabreim)
  • Qal'eh Holandiha (The Dutch Castle)
  • Mabad Poseidon, (Poseidon's temple)
  • Gurestan Bastani (the ancient cemetery)
  • Imamzadeh Mir Mohammed Hanifeh
  • Aramgah (tomb of) Haj Mohammed Ibrahim Esfahani
  • The Old Church of Kharg Island
  • Qavam water reservoir
  • Qazi House
  • Maqbareh (tomb of) the English General
  • Shaykh Sadoon Mosque
  • The Holy Christ Church
  • House of Raies Ali Delvari
  • House of Malik
  • The ancient site of Ray-Shahr which is located 8 km south of Bushehr.
  • Tomb of Abdul mohaymrn
  • House Darya Baygui
  • House of Dehdashti
  • Castle of Khormuj

Literature[edit]

Bushehr has been home to some famous poets. Among them are Faiez Dashti (Dashtestani) (1830-1919) and Manouchehr Atashi. Faiez poems, and dashti(or dashtestani) literature in general, resemble Baba Taher's works. Sadeq Chubak and Najaf Daryabandari are among the most prominent writers in literature of Bushehr.

2013 Bushehr earthquake[edit]

A strong earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale struck the town of Shonbeh and villages of Shonbeh and Tasuj District in Dashti County of Bushehr Province on 9 April 2013, killing at least 37 people. [4]

References[edit]

External links[edit]