Covington Scott Littleton (1 July 1933 – 25 November 2010 ) was an American anthropologist and academic.
Born in Los Angeles, he served in the Army during the Korean War. Littleton obtained his B.A. (1957), M.A. (1962), and Ph.D. (1965) in anthropology from UCLA.
At Occidental College from 1962 to 2002, his main research areas were Indo-European mythology and folklore, King Arthur and the Holy Grail, and Japanese culture, with an emphasis on Shinto. In recent years, he conducted research on the occult, and UFOs.
Littleton died in Pasadena, California after undergoing heart surgery; he also suffered from pneumonia.