CVBD - Canine Vector-Borne Diseases - is a veterinarian term for diseases transferred to dogs by various parasitic vectors. This includes diseases caused by pathogens transmitted by ectoparasites such as ticks, fleas, sand flies, or mosquitoes, as well as those transmitted by endoparasites such as filarial nematodes.
Many CVBD infect humans as well as companion animals. Some CVBD are fatal; most can only be controlled, not cured. Therefore, infection should be avoided by preventing arthropod vectors from feeding on the blood of their preferred hosts. While it is well known that arthropods transmit bacteria and protozoa during blood feeds, viruses are also becoming recognized as another group of transmitted pathogens of both animals and humans.
Canine diseases transmitted by parasitic vectors include:
- Anaplasma (e.g. Anaplasma phagocytophilum)
- Dirofilaria (i.e., heartworm)
- Lyme disease
- "First Canine Vector-Borne Disease Symposium in Billesley, UK" (Press release). Bayer HealthCare. April 2006. Retrieved 2005-11-16.
McGuire, Anne V. (2006-05-03). "Jasper's Canine Tick-Borne Disease Information Page". Archived from the original on 2006-05-03.
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