Caesium bromide

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Caesium bromide
Caesium-bromide-3D-ionic.png
Names
IUPAC name
Caesium bromide
Other names
Cesium bromide,
Caesium(I) bromide
Identifiers
7787-69-1 YesY
ChemSpider 22994 YesY
EC number 232-130-0
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 24592
Properties
CsBr
Molar mass 212.81 g/mol
Appearance White solid
Density 4.44 g/cm3, solid
Melting point 636 °C (1,177 °F; 909 K)
Boiling point 1,300 °C (2,370 °F; 1,570 K)
1062 g/L (15 °C)
1243 g/L (25 °C)
Structure
Crystal structure CsCl
8–8
Hazards
EU Index Not listed
Flash point Non-flammable
1400 mg/kg (oral, rat)[1]
Related compounds
Other anions
Caesium fluoride
Caesium chloride
Caesium iodide
Caesium astatide
Other cations
Sodium bromide
Potassium bromide
Rubidium bromide
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Caesium bromide, (CsBr), is an ionic compound of caesium and bromine. It has simple cubic p-type cubic crystallic structure, comparable to that of caesium chloride type with space group Pm3m and lattice constant a = 0.42953 nm. The distance between Cs+ and Br ions is 0.37198 nm.

Synthesis[edit]

It can be prepared via following reactions:

CsOH (aq) + HBr (aq) → CsBr (aq) + H2O (l)
Cs2(CO3) (aq) + 2 HBr (aq) → 2 CsBr (aq) + H2O (l) + CO2 (g)
  • Direct synthesis:
2 Cs (s) + Br2 (g) → 2 CsBr (s)

The direct synthesis is a vigorous reaction of caesium with other halogens. Due to its high cost, it is not used for preparation.

Uses[edit]

Caesium bromide is sometimes used in optics as a beamsplitter component in wide-band spectrophotometers.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]