California Proposition 6 (2008)

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For the 1998 animal welfare legislative initiative, see California Proposition 6 (1998). For the 1978 attempt to ban gay schoolteachers in California public schools, see Briggs Initiative.

California Proposition 6, also known as the Safe Neighborhoods Act and The Runner Initiative, is a statutory initiative that appeared on the November 2008 ballot in California. This proposition was rejected by voters on November 4 of that year.

Proposition 6 would have placed additional penalties on gang related and drug crime.

Provisions of Prop 6[edit]

Proposition 6 would:

  • Require new state spending on various criminal justice programs, as well as for increased costs for prison and parole operations. This funding is equivalent to 0.3% of California's General Fund.
  • Authorize prosecution as an adult (rather than in juvenile court, if a juvenile court judge consents) of any youth 14 years old or older who has been convicted of a gang-related felony.
  • Require that all occupants who are recipients of public housing subsidies submit to annual criminal background checks and lose housing if convicted of a recent crime in order to free up housing for non-criminals.
  • Increase penalties for several crimes, including violating gang injunctions, using or possessing to sell methamphetamine, or carrying loaded or concealed firearms by certain felons.
  • Eliminate bail for illegal immigrants charged with violent or gang-related felonies.
  • Establish as a crime the act of removing or disabling a monitoring device affixed as part of a criminal sentence.
  • Change evidence rules to allow use of certain hearsay statements as evidence when witnesses are made unavailable due to actions by the defendant.[1]
  • Requires a 3/4 vote to amend.

Estimated fiscal impact[edit]

The California Legislative Analyst's Office has arrived at the following summary of Prop. 6's estimated costs:

  • Net state costs likely to exceed a half billion dollars annually primarily for increased funding of criminal justice programs, as well as for increased costs for prison and parole operations.
  • Unknown one-time state capital outlay costs potentially exceeding a half billion dollars for prison facilities.
  • Unknown net fiscal impact for state trial courts, county jails, and other local criminal justice agencies.[1]

Funds to pay for these costs, should Prop. 6 pass, will come from 0.3% of California's general fund.[2]

In the current California state budget, $600 million (0.6%) is set aside to assist with local law enforcement. If the initiative passes, an additional $350 million (0.3%) will be required to enforce some of its provisions.[3]

Authors of Prop. 6[edit]

Supporters of Prop. 6[edit]

The name of the official campaign committee supporting Proposition 6 is the Committee to Take Back Our Neighborhoods.[8]

  • Will Smith (not to be confused with the actor of the same name)[9]
  • National Tax Limitation Committee
  • Crime Victims United
  • Crime Victims Action Alliance
  • Patricia Wenskunas, Founder, Crime Survivors, Inc.
  • Angie Vargas, Mothers Taking Action Against Gang Violence
  • The California State Sheriffs Association
  • The California District Attorneys Association
  • The Association for Los Angeles Deputy Sheriffs
  • The Peace Officers Research Association of California
  • Los Angeles Police Protective League
  • All 58 Sheriffs in California

Arguments in favor of Prop. 6[edit]

  • Creates tougher punishment for gang crimes, drive-by shootings, meth distribution and victim intimidation
  • Creates more effective and accountable intervention programs to stop young kids from joining gangs.
  • Helps victims who have been intimidated by gang criminals
  • It provides additional funds for victim-witness protection programs.
  • Prohibits bail for illegal aliens who are charged with violent or gang crimes.
  • Ensures additional funding for local police, sheriff, district attorneys and probation officers.[8]

Radio ads[edit]

Path to the ballot[edit]

The petition drive to place the measure on the ballot was conducted by National Petition Management, at a cost of $1.022 million.[10]

Supporters turned in over 750,000 signatures on April 25 to qualify the measure for the November 2008 ballot, and the measure was subsequently approved for the ballot.,[11][12]

Donors who support Prop. 6[edit]

As of July 14, 2008, eight of the largest donors to Prop. 6 included:

  • Henry Nicholas, $1,000,000
  • Larry Rasmussen, $200,000
  • Taxpayers for George Runner and George Runner for Senate 2008, together, $89,000
  • Committee to Elect Gary Ovitt, $50,000
  • The Golden State Bail Agents Association for Public Safety, $40,000
  • California Association of Healthcare Underwriters, $35,000
  • The Pechanga Band of Mission Indians, $25,000
  • The Peace Officer Research Association, $25,000[13]

Nicholas, who was arraigned on June 16, 2008 and pleaded not guilty on charges that included drug use, security fraud and conspiracy and has withdrawn from active support of the initiative, though the campaign has stated they will not return his $1,000,000 contribution. Ironically he is also charged with possession of methamphetamine with intent to distribute, meaning he himself would receive the tougher penalties of this initiative.[14][15][16] [17] [18]

Opposition to Prop. 6[edit]

The official committee opposing Proposition 6 is known as No on Propositions 6 & 9, Communities for Safe Neighborhoods and Fiscal Responsibility.

  • California Democratic Party
  • The California Professional Firefighters,
  • The California Labor Federation,
  • Former Los Angeles Police Chief Bernard Parks,
  • The California Teachers Association,
  • The California National Organization for Women,
  • The Los Angeles City Council,
  • The League of Women Voters,
  • California Church IMPACT
  • The Ella Baker Center for Human Rights.[19]

Arguments against Prop. 6[edit]

  • It diverts billions from California's schools, hospitals and childcare centers by funding failed prison and policing policies, deepening the state's ongoing budget crisis.[20]
  • It targets youth for adult incarceration by deeming any youth 14 years or older who is convicted of a "gang-related" felony must be tried as an adult.
  • It targets poor people by requiring recipients of public housing subsidies to submit to annual criminal background checks and withdrawing the housing subsidies of people with recent criminal convictions.
  • It targets illegal aliens by denying bail to those that are charged with violent or gang-related crimes and requires local sheriffs to inform Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) of the arrests.
  • Individuals who are not affiliated with gangs are listed in gang databases and may be falsely prosecuted under this provision.[21]

Donors who oppose Prop. 6[edit]

The name of the official campaign committee opposing Prop. 6 is No on Propositions 6 & 9, Communities for Safe Neighborhoods.[22]

As of September 5, 2008, the five largest donors against Prop. 6 consisted of the Ella Baker Center and four labor unions:

Newspaper endorsements[edit]

Editorial boards opposed[edit]

Results[edit]

Electoral results by county.
Proposition 6[25]
Choice Votes  %
Referendum failed No 8,559,647 69.12%
Yes 3,824,372 30.88%
Valid votes 12,384,019 90.11%
Invalid or blank votes 1,359,158 9.89%
Total votes 13,743,177 100.00%

Basic information[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Legislative Analyst's Office's Report
  2. ^ http://www.ebudget.ca.gov/BudgetSummary/SUM/1249561.html "California's Budget 2008" California Department of Finance
  3. ^ Runners support initiative against gender law, Daily Press, Dec. 30, 2007
  4. ^ Supervisor Gary Ovitt
  5. ^ Senator George Runner
  6. ^ A Message From Senator George Runner, Oct. 27, 2008
  7. ^ Safe Neighborhoods Statistics and Facts
  8. ^ a b Prop 6
  9. ^ California Secretary of State
  10. ^ Campaign expenditure details
  11. ^ The Appeal Democrat, Crime initiative could hit ballot, April 30, 2008
  12. ^ KHTS-AM, "Runners Looking To Target Gangs In Ballot Initiative", March 18, 2008
  13. ^ Details of donations to the Yes on 6 committee
  14. ^ http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/years/2008/0605082nicholas1.html "Henry Nicholas charged with, among other things, possession of methamphetamine with intent to distribute">
  15. ^ http://news.muckety.com/2008/06/13/indicted-billionaire-henry-nicholas-iii-crusaded-for-tough-penalties-for-criminals/3401 "Indicted billionaire Henry Nicholas III crusaded for tough penalties for criminals"
  16. ^ http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/la-oew-greene11-2008jun11,0,119616.story "The Two Henry Nicholases"
  17. ^ http://www.latimes.com/technology/la-me-nicholas25dec25,1,1689098.story "Initiative sponsor in spotlight"
  18. ^ http://www.sacbee.com/static/weblogs/capitolalertlatest/013300.html "Nicholas pleads not guilty"
  19. ^ List of Prop 6 opponents
  20. ^ http://media.sacbee.com/smedia/2008/06/09/16/0609tabs.source.prod_affiliate.4.pdf
  21. ^ Gang Wars: The Failure of Enforcement Tactics and the Need for Effective Public Safety Strategies, Loren Siegel, 2003
  22. ^ Defeat the Runner Initiative
  23. ^ Details of donations to the No on 6 & 9 committee
  24. ^ Los Angeles Times, "No on Proposition 6", September 26, 2008
  25. ^ "Statement of Vote: 2008 General Election" (PDF). California Secretary of State. 2008-12-13. 

External links[edit]

Additional reading[edit]