Government of San Francisco
The government of the City and County of San Francisco utilizes the "strong mayor" form of mayoral/council government, composed of the Mayor, Board of Supervisors, several elected officers, and numerous other entities. It is the only consolidated city-county in California, and one of only thirteen charter counties of California. The fiscal year 2007–08 city and county budget was approximately $6 billion.
San Francisco utilizes the "strong mayor" form of mayoral/council government, composed of the Mayor, Board of Supervisors, several elected officers, and numerous other entities. San Francisco voters use ranked-choice voting to elect the Mayor, Supervisors, and other elective officers.
The Mayor of San Francisco is the head of the executive branch of the city and county government. The mayor has the responsibility to enforce all city laws, administer and coordinate city departments and intergovernmental activities, set forth policies and agendas to the Board of Supervisors, and prepare and submit the city budget at the end of each fiscal year. The mayor has the powers to either approve or veto bills passed by the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, participate in meetings of the Board of Supervisors and its committees, appoint a replacement to fill vacancies in all city elected offices until elections, appoint a member of the Board as acting mayor in his/her absence, and to direct personnels in the case of emergency. The mayor serves a four-year term and is limited to two successive terms. If the mayor dies or resigns, the President of the Board of Supervisors assumes the office, as Dianne Feinstein did after the assassination of George Moscone in 1978.
Board of Supervisors
The legislative body is composed of the 11-member Board of Supervisors which acts as both a board of supervisors and a city council, with "[a]ll rights and powers of a City and County which are not vested in another officer or entity" by the charter. The Board of Supervisors is headed by a President and is responsible for passing laws and budgets. The members of the Board of Supervisors are elected as representatives of specific districts within the city.
Other elected officers
In addition, there are other city-wide elected officers of San Francisco:
Departments and agencies
- Assessment Appeals Board
- San Francisco County Transportation Authority
- San Francisco Youth Commission
- Clerk of the Board of Supervisors
- Budget and Legislative Analyst
- Office of Legislative Analyst
- San Francisco Local Agency Formation Commission
- Sunshine Ordinance Task Force
- Adult Probation
Entities under the authority of the City Administrator include the:
- Academy of Sciences
- San Francisco International Airport
- San Francisco Arts Commission
- Asian Art Museum
- Office of Economic and Workforce Development
- Department of Emergency Management
- Environment Commission
- Department of the Environment
- General Services Agency
- Animal Care and Control
- Convention Facilities Management
- County Clerk
- Medical Examiner
- San Francisco Department of Public Works
- Purchaser / Office of Contract Administration
- Real Estate Division
- Department of Technology
- Department of Children, Youth and Families
- Civil Service Commission
- Fine Arts Museums
- Fire Commission
- Health Commission
- Department of Public Health
- Human Resources
- San Francisco Human Rights Commission
- Human Services Agency
- Juvenile Probation Commission
- Juvenile Probation Department
- Law Library Board of Trustees
- San Francisco Public Library
- San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency
- Port of San Francisco
- San Francisco Public Utilities Commission
- Residential Rent Board
- Employees' Retirement System
- Recreation and Park Commission
- Commission on the Status of Women
- Department on the Status of Women
- War Memorial
Independent and semi-independent entities include the:
- Board of Appeals
- Building Inspection Commission
- Department of Building Inspection
- Child Support Services
- Elections Commission
- Department of Elections
- Entertainment Commission
- San Francisco Ethics Commission
- Health Service System
- Planning Commission
- Planning Department
- San Francisco Police Commission
- San Francisco Police Department
- Office of Citizen Complaints
- Small Business Commission
- Office of Small Business
- Redevelopment Agency
- Treasure Island Development Authority
Other entities and programs include:
- 311 Customer Service Center
- Access Appeals Commission
- Animal Control and Welfare Commission
- Asthma Task Force
- Back Streets Business Advisory Board
- Ballot Simplification Committee
- Bicycle Advisory Committee
- Biosciences Task Force
- Board of Supervisors
- Budget Analyst's Office
- Building Inspection SRO Task Force, Department of
- Citizens' General Obligation Bond Oversight Committee
- City Administrator, Office of
- City Attorney
- City College of San Francisco
- City Hall Preservation Advisory Commission
- Civic Engagement & Immigrant Affairs, Office of
- Civil Grand Jury
- Code Advisory Commission
- Committee On Information Technology
- Examiners, Board of
- Film Commission
- Historic Preservation Commission
- Housing Authority
- Immigrant Rights Commission
- Jury Commissioner (Jury Duty)
- Labor Standards Enforcement, Office of
- Library Citizens Advisory Committee
- Local Homeless Coordinating Board
- Marijuana Offenses Oversight Committee
- Medical Cannabis Task Force
- Non-Profit Contracting Task Force
- Power Plant Task Force
- Presidio Neighborhood Representative Work Group
- Presidio & CCSF Transportation Work Group
- Public Finance, Office of
- Real Estate Fraud Prosecution Trust Fund Committee
- Redistricting Task Force
- Relocation Appeals Board
- San Francisco Fair Lending Working Group
- School District, San Francisco Unified
- SFGovTV - Cable TV (Government Access)
- Shelter Monitoring Committee
- Southeast Community Facility Commission
- State Legislation Committee
- Unreinforced Masonry Appeals Board
- Utility Undergrounding Task Force
- Veterans' Affairs Commission
- Voting Systems Task Force
- Western SoMa Citizens Planning Task Force
- Zoo, San Francisco
- Zoo Committee, Joint
As of November 2010, San Francisco's sales tax rate was 9.5%, distributed as follows:
- 8.25% - State
- 6.00% - State - General Fund
- 0.25% - State - Fiscal Recovery Fund
- 0.50% - State - Local Revenue Fund
- 0.50% - State - Local Public Safety Fund
- 1.00% - Bradley-Burns Uniform Local Tax Law
- 0.25% - Local County - Transportation funds
- 0.75% - Local City/County - Operational funds
- 0.50% - AB 1077 (1977) Transportation formula - Bay Area Rapid Transit, San Francisco Municipal Railway, AC Transit
- 0.50% - Local/regional transportation
- Proposition B (1989) - 1989-2009: SF County Transportation Authority (60% transit including San Francisco Municipal Railway, 30% street and traffic safety, 8% paratransit, 2% transportation system management.
- Proposition K (2003) - 2009-2034: Different formula for local streets and local and regional public transit.
The fiscal year 2007-08 city and county budget is as follows:
|Charges for services||$1,808 M||29.7%|
|Property taxes||$1,186 M||19.5%|
|Other local taxes||$588 M||9.7%|
|Business taxes||$350 M||5.8%|
|Rents and concessions||$349 M||5.7%|
|Fund balance from 2006–07||$239 M||3.9%|
|Fines and forfeitures||$105 M||1.7%|
|Interest and investment income||$84 M||1.4%|
|Licenses, permits, and franchises||$36 M||0.6%|
|Reserves drawdown||$23 M||0.4%|
|Non-personnel operating costs||$1.438 B||23.7%|
|Debt service||$576 M||9.5%|
|Capital and equipment||$335 M||5.5%|
|Aid assistance||$271 M||4.5%|
|Reserves and fund balance||$69 M||1.1%|
|Facility maintenance||$35 M||0.6%|
|Public Works, Transportation, and Commerce||8,798||31.5%|
|General Administration and Finance||2,317||8.3%|
|Human Welfare and Neighborhood Development||2,125||7.6%|
|Culture and Recreation||1,883||6.8%|
The government of the City and County of San Francisco is defined by the Charter of the City and County of San Francisco, which is similar to the other counties of California. Pursuant to its charter, San Francisco causes to be published several codified version of its ordinances and regulations, the San Francisco Municipal Codes. Every act prohibited or declared unlawful, and every failure to perform an act required, by the ordinances are misdemeanor crimes, unless otherwise specified as infractions.
San Franciscans also make use of direct ballot initiatives to pass legislation.
San Francisco's municipal authority extends beyond city/county limits through its operation of the San Francisco International Airport and the vast tracts of land supporting the Hetch Hetchy Water System.
In addition, several regional governmental units in San Francisco operate independently of the municipal government. Five regional agencies—the Association of Bay Area Governments, Metropolitan Transportation Commission, Bay Area Air Quality Management District, San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board, and Bay Conservation and Development Commission—have jurisdiction over San Francisco and the other Bay Area counties, and San Francisco appoints representatives to their governing boards.
There are several school districts that are co-extensive with San Francisco. The San Francisco Unified School District is governed by the elected seven-member San Francisco Board of Education. The community college district of the City College of San Francisco is governed by an elected seven-member Board of Trustees.
Several transit agencies provide transit service within San Francisco and adjacent counties, including the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), of which residents elect Board of Directors for districts 7, 8, and 9, Golden Gate Transit, Caltrain, the San Francisco Bay Area Water Emergency Transportation Authority, and the Metropolitan Transportation Commission. Also notable are the independent police forces of the University of California, San Francisco and the Park Police of the Presidio Trust and the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.
The San Francisco Democratic Central Committee (SFDCC), the governing body of the San Francisco Democratic Party, is a county central committee of the California Democratic Party for San Francisco. The SFDCC is elected from the two Assembly districts in San Francisco and consists of 24 members, with a 14/10 member split between the two Assembly districts based on number of registered Democrats.
- Baldassare, Mark (1998). When Government Fails: The Orange County Bankruptcy. Public Policy Institute of California/University of California Press. p. 50. ISBN 0-520-21486-2. LCCN 97032806.
- "Ranked-Choice Voting". City and County of San Francisco, Department of Elections. Retrieved August 8, 2009.
- City and County of San Francisco Municipal Code art. III[dead link]
- Charter of the City and County of San Francisco, article 1, section 1.101
- "Board of Supervisors District Information". City and County of San Francisco, Board of Supervisors. Retrieved January 29, 2006.
- Charter of the City and County of San Francisco, article 6, section 6.100
- "City's Organizational Chart". Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- "Board of Supervisors: Divisions". Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- "Clerk of the Board". Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- "Office of the Legislative Analyst". Retrieved 20 May 2014.
- Detailed Description of the Sales and Use Tax Rate - Board of Equalization
- California Government Code § 25132.
- California Government Code § 36900 et seq.
- California Elections Code § 7204
- San Francisco Democratic County Central Committee Bylaws, 23 January 2013, Article 2, § 1(a)(1)
- SFGov.org, official site of City and County of San Francisco
- San Francisco Voter Pamphlets and Propositions dating back to 1907 at the San Francisco Public Library
- San Francisco Charter and Municipal Codes from American Legal Publishing
- San Francisco Data
- "San Francisco". U.S. City Open Data Census. UK: Open Knowledge Foundation.