Canoeing was an official Olympic sport for the first time at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. It had been a demonstration sport twelve years earlier at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. A total of nine events were contested at the 1936 Games, all in canoe sprint for men.
The competitions were held on Friday, August 7, 1936 and Satursday, August 8, 1936. They were held on a regatta course at Grünau on the Langer See.
 Medal summary
 Participating nations
A total of 119 canoers from 19 nations competed at the Berlin Games:
 Medal table
- ^ The 1936 official Olympic report has it listed as Josef Kampfl and Alois Edeltitsch as the silver medalists, but information from Olympisch Enzyklopaedie (German), the Austrian Olympic Committee, and Volker Kluge's Olympia Chronik (German) all confirm that the actual silver medalists were Weinstabl and Proisl.