Cao Wei family trees

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This article contains the family trees of members of the Cao clan, who ruled the state of Cao Wei (220-265) in the Three Kingdoms period (220-280) in China. Only Cao Cao's lineage is shown in this article. The lineages of his relatives, such as Cao Ren, Cao Zhen and others, are not included here.

Cao Song[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Teng1
曹騰
Jixing
季興
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Song
曹嵩
Jugao
巨高
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Xiahou Yuan
夏侯淵
Miaocai
妙才
 
Marquis Ai of Haiyang
海陽哀侯
(name unknown)
 
Cao Bin
曹彬
 
Cao Cao
曹操
Mengde
孟德
 
Cao De2
曹德
 
Son
(name unknown)
 
Son3
(name unknown)
 
Sun Jian
孫堅
Wentai
文台
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Xiahou Heng
夏侯衡
Boshu
伯叔
 
Daughter
(name unknown)
 
Cao Jun4
曹均
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Anmin5
曹安民
 
Daughter
(name unknown)
 
Sun Kuang
孫匡
Jizuo
季佐
 
 

Cao Song was a foster son of the eunuch Cao Teng and he had at least four sons: Cao Cao, Cao Bin, Cao De,[1] and a fourth one whose personal name was not recorded and was only known by his posthumous title "Marquis Ai of Haiyang". The marquis's daughter married Xiahou Yuan's eldest son Xiahou Heng.[2]

  • 1 Cao Teng was a eunuch. He adopted Cao Song as his foster son. See Cao Song#Family background for information on Cao Song's heritage.
  • 2 Cao De's name was recorded as "Cao Ji" (曹疾) in the Houhanshu.[3]
  • 3 The Sanguozhi mentioned that Sun Kuang married the daughter of Cao Cao's younger brother, whose name was not recorded.[4] It might be possible that this younger brother of Cao Cao was the same person as either of Cao Cao's three other younger brothers.
  • 4 Cao Jun was actually Cao Cao's son. He was adopted by his uncle Cao Bin because the latter had no heir.[5]
  • 5 Cao Cao had a nephew, Cao Anmin, who was killed at the Battle of Wan in 197. Cao Anmin was stated to be a son of Cao Cao's younger brother, whose name was not recorded.[6] It might be possible that this younger brother of Cao Cao was the same person as either of Cao Cao's three other younger brothers.

Cao Cao, his wives, and his children[edit]

Lady Bian[edit]

 
 
 
 
Cao Cao
曹操
Mengde
孟德
 
Lady Bian
卞氏
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Pi
曹丕
Zihuan
子桓
 
Cao Zhang
曹彰
Ziwen
子文
 
Cao Zhi
曹植
Zijian
子建
 
Cao Xiong
曹熊
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Bing
曹炳

Cao Cao and Lady Bian had four sons: Cao Pi, Cao Zhang, Cao Zhi and Cao Xiong.[7]

Cao Xiong was succeeded by his son Cao Bing. Cao Bing had no heir.[8]

Cao Zhang[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sun Ben
孫賁
Boyang
伯陽
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Zhang
曹彰
Ziwen
子文
 
 
 
Lady Sun
孫氏
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Kai
曹楷
 
Daughter
(name unknown)
 
 
Wang Chang
王昌
Gongbo
公伯
 
 

Cao Zhang married Sun Ben's daughter (personal name unknown).[9] Cao Zhang's son was Cao Kai.[10] Cao Zhang also had a daughter (personal name unknown) who married Wang Chang.[11] It is not known whether Cao Zhang's two children were born to Lady Sun (Sun Ben's daughter) or not.

* Note that Cao Zhang's name was erroneously recorded as 曹章 in Sun Ce's biography in the Sanguozhi.

Cao Zhi[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
Cui Yan
崔琰
Jigui
季珪
 
 
Cui Yan's brother
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Zhi
曹植
Zijian
子建
 
 
Lady Cui
崔氏
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Miao
曹苗
 
Cao Zhi
曹志
Yungong
允恭
 
Cao Jinhu
曹金瓠
 
Cao Xingnü
曹行女

Cao Zhi married the daughter of Cui Yan's elder brother.[12] He had two sons — Cao Miao and Cao Zhi (courtesy name "Yungong").[13][14][15] He also had two daughters — Cao Jinhu and Cao Xingnü.[16][17] It is not known whether Cao Zhi's four children were born to Lady Cui or not.

Lady Liu[edit]

 
 
Cao Cao
曹操
Mengde
孟德
 
Lady Liu
劉氏
 
 
 
 
Xiahou Dun
夏侯惇
Yuanrang
元讓
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Ang
曹昂
Zixiu
子脩
 
Cao Shuo
曹鑠
 
Princess Qinghe
清河公主
(name unknown)
 
 
Xiahou Mao
夏侯楙
Zilin
子林
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Wan1
曹琬
 
Cao Song2
曹竦
 
 
 
 
Cao Lian
曹廉

Cao Cao and Lady Liu had two sons and a daughter: Cao Ang, Cao Shuo and Princess Qinghe (personal name unknown).[18][19] Princess Qinghe married Xiahou Dun's son Xiahou Mao.[20]

Cao Ang's successor was Cao Wan, a son of his half-brother Cao Jun (曹均). Cao Wan's son was Cao Lian.[21] Cao Shuo's successor was Cao Song, a son of his half-brother Cao Mao (曹茂).[22]

  • 1 Cao Wan was actually a son of Cao Ang's half-brother Cao Jun. Cao Ang died without an heir so Cao Wan was chosen to be his successor.
  • 2 Cao Song was actually a son of Cao Shuo's half-brother Cao Mao. Cao Shuo died without an heir so Cao Song was chosen to be his successor.

Lady Huan[edit]

 
 
Lady Huan
環氏
 
Cao Cao
曹操
Mengde
孟德
 
 
Lady Bian
卞氏
 
Bian Bing
卞秉
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Chong
曹沖
Cangshu
倉舒
 
Cao Ju
曹據
 
Cao Yu
曹宇
Pengzu
彭祖
 
 
 
 
Bian Lin
卞琳
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Cong1
曹琮
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Huan
曹奐
Jingming
景明
 
 
 
 
Empress Bian
卞皇后
 
 
 
 

Cao Cao and Lady Huan had three sons: Cao Chong, Cao Ju and Cao Yu.[23]

Cao Chong's successor was Cao Cong, a son of his brother Cao Ju.[24] Cao Yu's son was Cao Huan.[25][26] Cao Huan married Bian Lin's daughter Empress Bian. Bian Lin was a son of Bian Bing, a younger brother of Lady Bian (another of Cao Cao's wives).[27]

  • 1 Cao Cong was actually a son of Cao Chong's brother Cao Ju. Cao Chong died without an heir so Cao Cong was chosen to be his successor.

Lady Du[edit]

 
Cao Cao
曹操
Mengde
孟德
 
Lady Du
杜氏
 
 
 
 
 
Qin Yilu
秦宜祿
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Gun
曹袞
 
 
 
Cao Lin
曹林
 
Qin Lang
秦朗
Yuanming
元明
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Fu
曹孚
 
Cao Wei
曹緯
 
Daughter
(name unknown)
 
Ji Kang
嵇康
Shuye
叔夜
 

Cao Cao and Lady Du had two sons: Cao Lin and Cao Gun.[28] Lady Du and her ex-husband Qin Yilu had a son, Qin Lang, who was adopted by Cao Cao after his mother's remarriage.[29]

Cao Gun's son was Cao Fu.[30] Cao Lin had a son (Cao Wei)[31] and a daughter (personal name unknown). The daughter married Ji Kang.[32]

Lady Qin[edit]

 
Cao Cao
曹操
Mengde
孟德
 
Lady Qin
秦氏
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Jun
曹峻
Zi'an
子安
 
 
 
Cao Xuan
曹玹
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Ao
曹澳
 
Cao Zan1
曹贊
 
Cao Yi2
曹壹
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Heng
曹恒

Cao Cao and Lady Qin had two sons: Cao Xuan and Cao Jun.[33]

Cao Xuan's successor was Cao Zan, a son of his half-brother Cao Lin. Cao Zan's successor was his younger brother Cao Yi. Cao Yi's son was Cao Heng.[34]

Cao Jun's son was Cao Ao.[35]

  • 1 Cao Zan was actually a son of Cao Xuan's half-brother Cao Lin. Cao Xuan died without an heir so Cao Zan was chosen to be his successor.
  • 2 Cao Zan also died without an heir so his younger brother Cao Yi was chosen to be his successor. Cao Yi was hence the successor to Cao Xuan's line.

Lady Yin[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
He Jin
何進
Suigao
遂高
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Cao
曹操
Mengde
孟德
 
 
 
Lady Yin
尹氏
 
 
 
 
 
He Xian
何咸
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Ju
曹矩
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Min1
曹敏
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Kun
曹焜
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Jinxiang2
金鄉公主
(name unknown)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
He Yan
何晏
Pingshu
平叔
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Cao Cao and Lady Yin had a son: Cao Ju.[36] Lady Yin and her ex-husband He Xian,[37] a son of He Jin, had a son, He Yan, who was adopted by Cao Cao after his mother's remarriage. He Yan married Cao Cao's daughter Princess Jinxiang (personal name unknown).[38][39]

Cao Ju's successor was Cao Min, a son of his half-brother Cao Jun (曹均). Cao Min's son was Cao Kun.[40]

  • 1 Cao Min was actually a son of Cao Ju's half-brother Cao Jun. Cao Ju died without an heir so Cao Min was chosen to be his successor.
  • 2 The identity of Princess Jinxiang's mother is not confirmed. The Wei Mo Zhuan (魏末傳) claimed that Princess Jinxiang was He Yan's half-sister and that she was born to the same mother as the Prince of Pei (Cao Lin). Pei Songzhi pointed out that the Sanguozhi stated that Cao Lin's mother was Lady Du. He Yan's mother was Lady Yin. Therefore, if Princess Jinxiang shared the same mother as Cao Lin, she could not have been He Yan's half-sister.[39][41]

Consort Sun[edit]

 
 
Cao Cao
曹操
Mengde
孟德
 
Consort Sun
孫姬
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Biao
曹彪
Zhuhu
朱虎
 
Cao Zishang
曹子上
 
Cao Ziqin
曹子勤
 
 
 
 
Cao Jia
曹嘉

Cao Cao and Consort Sun had three sons: Cao Zishang, Cao Ziqin and Cao Biao.[42]

Both Cao Zishang[43] and Cao Ziqin[44] died without heirs. Cao Biao was succeeded by his son Cao Jia.[45]

Consort Li[edit]

 
 
 
 
Cao Cao
曹操
Mengde
孟德
 
Consort Li
李姬
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Zizheng
曹子整
 
Cao Zicheng
曹子乘
 
Cao Zijing
曹子京
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Fan1
曹範
 
Cao Chan2
曹闡

Cao Cao and Consort Li had three sons: Cao Zicheng, Cao Zizheng and Cao Zijing.[46]

Both Cao Zicheng[47] and Cao Zijing[48] died without heirs. Cao Zizheng's successor was Cao Fan, a son of his half-brother Cao Ju (曹據). Cao Fan was succeeded by his younger brother Cao Chan.[49]

  • 1 Cao Fan was actually a son of Cao Zizheng's half-brother Cao Ju. Cao Zizheng died without an heir so Cao Fan was chosen to be his successor.
  • 2 Cao Fan also died without an heir so his younger brother Cao Chan was chosen to be his successor. Cao Chan was hence the successor to Cao Zizheng's line.

Cao Cao's other wives and children[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
Lady Wang
王昭儀
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lady Ding
丁氏
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Cao
曹操
Mengde
孟德
 
 
 
 
 
Xun Yu
荀彧
Wenruo
文若
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consort Zhou
周姬
 
Consort Song
宋姬
 
Consort Liu
劉姬
 
Consort Zhao
趙姬
 
Consort Chen
陳妾
 
 
 
 
 
Princess Anyang
安陽公主
(name unknown)
 
 
Xun Yun
荀惲
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Jun
曹均
 
Cao Hui
曹徽
 
Cao Ji
曹棘
 
Cao Mao
曹茂
 
Cao Gan
曹幹
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Kang
曹抗
 
Cao Xi
曹翕
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Chen
曹諶
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liu Xie
劉協
Bohe
伯和
 
 
 
Cao Xian
曹憲
 
Cao Jie
曹節
 
Cao Hua
曹華
 
 
 
 
 

Cao Cao had five other sons who were born to five different mothers: Consort Zhou bore Cao Jun;[50] Consort Liu bore Cao Ji;[51] Consort Song bore Cao Hui;[52] Consort Zhao bore Cao Mao;[53] Consort Chen bore Cao Gan. Cao Cao also had two other wives: Lady Wang, who raised Cao Gan after Consort Chen's death;[54][55] Lady Ding, who raised Cao Ang after the death of Lady Liu (Cao Ang's biological mother).[56] Cao Cao also had four daughters whose mothers were not known: Cao Xian, Cao Jie, Cao Hua and Princess Anyang (personal name unknown). Cao Xian, Cao Jie and Cao Hua married Liu Xie (Emperor Xian of Han)[57] while Princess Anyang married Xun Yu's son Xun Yun.[58]

Cao Ji died without an heir.[59] Cao Jun was succeeded by his son Cao Kang, who in turn was succeeded by his son Cao Chen.[60] Cao Hui was succeeded by his son Cao Xi.[61]

Cao Pi, his wives, and his children[edit]

Lady Zhen[edit]

Cao Pi
曹丕
Zihuan
子桓
 
Lady Zhen
甄氏
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Rui
曹叡
Yuanzhong
元仲
 
Princess Dongxiang
東鄉公主
(name unknown)

Cao Pi and Lady Zhen had a son and a daughter: Cao Rui and Princess Dongxiang (personal name unknown).[62][63]

Consort Xu[edit]

 
 
Cao Pi
曹丕
Zihuan
子桓
 
Consort Xu
徐姬
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Li
曹禮
 
Princess Linfen
臨汾公主
(name unknown)
 
Daughter
(name unknown)
 
 
 
 
Cao Ti1
曹悌

Cao Pi and Consort Xu had a son: Cao Li.[64] Cao Li's successor was Cao Ti, a son of his cousin Cao Kai (Cao Zhang's son).[65] Consort Xu also bore Cao Pi two daughters: Princess Linfen (personal name unknown) and a second daughter (name unknown) who died at a young age.[66]

  • 1 Cao Ti was actually a son of Cao Li's cousin Cao Kai (Cao Zhang's son). Cao Li died without an heir so Cao Ti was chosen to be his successor.

Ladies Pan, Zhu, and Qiu[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Cao
曹操
Mengde
孟德
 
 
 
Lady Bian
卞氏
 
Bian Bing
卞秉
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Pi
曹丕
Zihuan
子桓
 
 
 
 
Bian Lan
卞蘭
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lady Pan
潘淑媛
 
Lady Zhu
朱淑媛
 
Lady Qiu
仇昭儀
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bian Long
卞隆
Cao Rui
曹蕤
 
Cao Jian
曹鑒
 
Cao Lin
曹霖
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Zan1
曹贊
 
 
 
Cao Qi
曹啟
 
Cao Mao
曹髦
Yanshi
彥士
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Empress Bian
卞皇后
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Three of Cao Pi's wives: Lady Pan, Lady Zhu and Lady Qiu - bore him children as such: Lady Pan bore Cao Rui;[67] Lady Zhu bore Cao Jian;[68] Lady Qiu bore Cao Lin.[69]

Cao Rui's successor was Cao Zan, a son of the Prince of Langya (Cao Min).[70] Cao Jian had no heir.[71] Cao Lin had two sons: Cao Qi and Cao Mao.[72] Cao Mao married Empress Bian, Bian Long's daughter. Bian Long was Bian Lan's son, Bian Lan was Bian Bing's son. Bian Bing was a younger brother of Cao Pi's mother Lady Bian.[73]

  • 1 Cao Zan was actually a son of Cao Min. Cao Rui died without an heir so Cao Zan was chosen to be his successor.

Consorts Li, Su, Zhang, and Song[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Pi
曹丕
Zihuan
子桓
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consort Li
李貴人
 
Consort Su
蘇姬
 
Consort Zhang
張姬
 
Consort Song
宋姬
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Xie
曹協
 
Cao Yong
曹邕
 
Cao Gong
曹貢
 
Cao Yan
曹儼
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Xun
曹尋
 
Cao Wen1
曹溫

Four of Cao Pi's wives – Consorts Li, Su, Zhang and Song – bore him children as such: Consort Li bore Cao Xie;[74] Consort Su bore Cao Yong;[75] Consort Zhang bore Cao Gong;[76] Consort Song bore Cao Yan.[77]

Cao Xie's son was Cao Xun.[78] Cao Yong's successor was Cao Wen, a son of his cousin Cao Kai (Cao Zhang's son).[79] Both Cao Gong[80] and Cao Yan[81] died without heirs.

  • 1 Cao Wen was actually a son of Cao Kai (Cao Zhang's son). Cao Yong died without an heir so Cao Wen was chosen to succeed him.

Cao Pi's other wives and children[edit]

 
 
Liu Xie
劉協
Bohe
伯和
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lady Liu
劉氏
 
Lady Liu
劉氏
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Guo Yong
郭永
 
 
 
Lady Dong
董氏
 
 
 
 
Consort Yin
陰貴人
 
Consort Chai
柴貴人
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Pi
曹丕
Zihuan
子桓
 
 
 
Guo Nüwang
郭女王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lady Ren
任氏
 
Lady Li
李氏
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Jie
曹喈
Zhongyong
仲雍

Cao Pi had seven other wives: the two Ladies Liu, Consort Yin, Consort Chai,[82] Lady Ren,[83] Lady Li[84] and Guo Nüwang.[85][86] The two Ladies Liu were the daughters of Liu Xie (Emperor Xian of Han).[85] Guo Nüwang was the daughter of Guo Yong and Lady Dong.[87]

Cao Pi had a son, Cao Jie.[88] The identity of Cao Jie's mother is not known.

Cao Rui[edit]

 
 
Mao Jia
毛嘉
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Guo Man
郭滿
 
 
 
Lady Du
杜氏
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mao Zeng
毛曾
 
Empress Mao
毛皇后
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Empress Guo
郭皇后
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lady Zhang
張才人
 
Lady He
何才人
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Rui
曹叡
Yuanzhong
元仲
 
 
 
 
Lady Yu
虞妃
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Jiong
曹冏
 
Cao Mu
曹穆
 
Cao Yin
曹殷
 
Cao Fang1
曹芳
Lanqing
蘭卿
 
Cao Xun2
曹詢
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ren Kai3
任愷
Yuanbao
元褒
 
Princess Qichang
齊長公主
(name unknown)
 
Cao Shu
曹淑
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Cao Rui had five wives: Empress Mao, Empress Guo, Lady Zhang,[89] Lady He[89] and Lady Yu.[90] Empress Mao was Mao Jia's daughter and she had a younger brother, Mao Zeng.[91] Empress Guo was the daughter of Guo Man and Lady Du.[92]

Cao Rui had three sons (Cao Jiong,[93] Cao Mu[94] and Cao Yin[95]) and two daughters (Cao Shu[96] and Princess Qichang). Princess Qichang (personal name unknown) married Li Feng's son Li Tao (李韜) initially, but was later remarried to Ren Kai.[97][98]

Cao Rui also had two adoptive sons: Cao Fang,[99] who was allegedly a son of Cao Zhang's son Cao Kai;[100] Cao Xun.[101]

  • 1 Cao Fang was Cao Rui's adoptive son. His biological father was alleged to be Cao Zhang's son Cao Kai.
  • 2 Cao Xun was Cao Rui's adoptive son.
  • 3 Princess Qichang married Li Tao initially, but she was later remarried to Ren Kai.

Cao Fang[edit]

Zhen Yan
甄儼
 
Zhang Ji
張既
Derong
德容
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Empress Zhen's father
(name unknown)
 
Zhang Ji
張緝
Jingzhong
敬仲
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wang Kui
王夔
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Empress Zhen
甄皇后
 
Empress Zhang
張皇后
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Empress Wang
王皇后
 
 
Lady Zhang
張美人
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cao Fang
曹芳
Lanqing
蘭卿
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Li Hua
李華
 
Liu Xun
劉勳
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yuwan
禺婉
 
 
Lady Xing
邢氏

Cao Fang had eight wives: Empress Zhen, a granddaughter of Zhen Yan (Lady Zhen's elder brother);[102] Empress Zhang, a daughter of Zhang Ji (Jingzhong);[103] Empress Wang, Wang Kui's daughter;[104] Lady Zhang;[105] Lady Xing, who later remarried Sun Huan's son Sun Yi (孫壹);[106] Li Hua,[107] Liu Xun;[107] Yuwan.[105]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (世語曰:嵩在泰山華縣。太祖令泰山太守應劭送家詣兗州,劭兵未至,陶謙密遣數千騎掩捕。嵩家以為劭迎,不設備。謙兵至,殺太祖弟德於門中。) Shiyu annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 1.
  2. ^ (長子衡,尚太祖弟海陽哀侯女,恩寵特隆。) Sanguozhi vol. 9.
  3. ^ (及子操起兵,不肯相隨,乃與少子疾避亂琅邪,為徐州刺史陶謙所殺。) Houhanshu vol. 78.
  4. ^ (是時哀紹方彊,而策并江東,曹公力未能逞,且欲撫之。乃以弟女配策小弟匡,又為子章取賁女, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 46.
  5. ^ (樊安公均,奉叔父薊恭公彬後。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  6. ^ (二年春正月,公到宛。張繡降,旣而悔之,復反。公與戰,軍敗,為流矢所中,長子昂、弟子安民遇害。) Sanguozhi vol. 1.
  7. ^ (... 卞皇后生文皇帝、任城威王彰、陳思王植、蕭懷王熊, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  8. ^ (子哀王炳嗣,食邑二千五百戶。六年薨,無子,國除。) Sanguozhi vol. 19.
  9. ^ (是時哀紹方彊,而策并江東,曹公力未能逞,且欲撫之。乃以弟女配策小弟匡,又為子章取賁女, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 46.
  10. ^ (子楷嗣,徙封中牟。) Sanguozhi vol. 19.
  11. ^ (王昌,字公伯,為東平相散騎常侍,早卒。婦任城王曹子文女。) Xi Zuochi. Xiangyang Ji (襄陽記), vol. 2, Biographies of Wang Chang and his mother.
  12. ^ (植,琰之兄女壻也。) Sanguozhi vol. 12.
  13. ^ (詔書封臣息男苗為高陽鄉公,志為穆鄉公。) Cao Zijian collection (曹子建集), vol. 7, Memorial to express gratitude for the enfeoffment of my two sons as dukes (封二子為公謝恩章).
  14. ^ (子志嗣,徙封濟北王。) Sanguozhi vol. 19.
  15. ^ (志別傳曰:志字允恭, ...) Zhi Biezhuan annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 19.
  16. ^ (金瓠,予之首女, ...) Cao Zijian collection (曹子建集), vol. 10, Lamenting Jinhu (金瓠哀辭).
  17. ^ (行女生於季秋,而終於首夏。) Cao Zijian collection (曹子建集), vol. 10, Lamenting Xingnü (行女哀辭).
  18. ^ (... 劉夫人生豐愍王昂、相殤王鑠, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  19. ^ (魏略曰:太祖始有丁夫人,又劉夫人生子脩及清河長公主。) Weilue annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  20. ^ (初,太祖以女妻楙,即清河公主也。) Sanguozhi vol. 9.
  21. ^ (三年,以樊安公均子琬奉昂後, ... 琬薨,謚曰恭王。子廉嗣。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  22. ^ (無子,國除。正元二年,以樂陵王茂子陽都鄉公竦繼鑠後。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  23. ^ (... 環夫人生鄧哀王沖、彭城王據、燕王宇, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  24. ^ (... 命宛侯據子琮奉沖後。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  25. ^ (常道鄉公奐,宇之子,入繼大宗。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  26. ^ (陳留王諱奐,字景明,武帝孫,燕王宇子也。) Sanguozhi vol. 4.
  27. ^ (初,太后弟秉, ... 秉薨,子蘭嗣。 ... 封蘭弟琳為列侯, ... 琳女又為陳留王皇后, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  28. ^ (... 杜夫人生沛穆王林、中山恭王衮, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  29. ^ (獻帝傳曰:朗父名宜祿, ... 朗隨母氏畜于公宮,太祖甚愛之,每坐席,謂賔客曰:「豈有人愛假子如孤者乎?」) Xiandi Zhuan annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 3.
  30. ^ (子孚嗣。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  31. ^ (林薨,子緯嗣。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  32. ^ (案嵇氏譜:嵇康妻,林子之女也。) Ji Shipu annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  33. ^ (... 秦夫人生濟陽懷王玹、陳留恭王峻, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  34. ^ (早薨,無子。二十年,以沛王林子贊襲玹爵邑,早薨,無子。文帝復以贊弟壹紹玹後。 ... 壹薨,謚曰悼公。子恒嗣。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  35. ^ (子澳嗣。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  36. ^ (... 尹夫人生范陽閔王矩, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  37. ^ (晏字平叔,南陽宛人,何進之孫,何咸之子也。) Siku Quanshu, Classics Section (經部), vol. 35.
  38. ^ (晏,何進孫也。母尹氏,為太祖夫人。) Sanguozhi vol. 9.
  39. ^ a b (魏末傳曰:晏婦金鄉公主,即晏同母妹。公主賢,謂其母沛王太妃曰:「晏為惡日甚,將何保身?」母笑曰:「汝得無妬晏邪!」) Wei Mo Zhuan annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 9.
  40. ^ (范陽閔王矩,早薨,無子。 ... 以樊安公均子敏奉矩後, ... 敏薨,謚曰原王。子焜嗣。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  41. ^ (臣松之案:魏末傳云晏取其同母妹為妻,此搢紳所不忍言,雖楚王之妻媦,不是甚也已。設令此言出於舊史,猶將莫之或信,況厎下之書乎!案諸王公傳,沛王出自杜夫人所生。晏母姓尹,公主若與沛王同生,焉得言與晏同母?) Pei Songzhi's annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 9.
  42. ^ (... 孫姬生臨邑殤公子上、楚王彪、剛殤公子勤, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  43. ^ (臨邑殤公子上,早薨。太和五年,追封謚。無後。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  44. ^ (剛殤公子勤,早薨。太和五年追封謚。無後。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  45. ^ (正元元年詔曰:「故楚王彪, ... 其封彪世子嘉為常山真定王。」) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  46. ^ (... 李姬生穀城殤公子乘、郿戴公子整、靈殤公子京, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  47. ^ (穀城殤公子乘,早薨。太和五年追封謚。無後。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  48. ^ (靈殤公子京,早薨。太和五年追封謚。無後。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  49. ^ (二十三年薨。無子。 ... 以彭城王據子範奉整後。 ... 無後。四年,詔以範弟東安鄉公闡為郿公,奉整後。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  50. ^ (... 周姬生樊安公均, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  51. ^ (... 劉姬生廣宗殤公子棘, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  52. ^ (... 宋姬生東平靈王徽, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  53. ^ (... 趙姬生樂陵王茂。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  54. ^ (魏略曰:幹一名良。良本陳妾子,良生而陳氏死,太祖令王夫人養之。) Weilue annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  55. ^ (... 王昭儀生趙王幹, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  56. ^ (魏略曰:太祖始有丁夫人,又劉夫人生子脩及清河長公主。劉早終,丁養子脩。) Weilue annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  57. ^ (獻穆曹皇后諱節,魏公曹操之中女也。建安十八年,操進三女憲、節、華為夫人, ...) Houhanshu vol. 10.
  58. ^ (太祖以女妻彧長子惲,後稱安陽公主。) Sanguozhi vol. 10.
  59. ^ (廣宗殤公子棘,早薨。太和五年追封謚。無後。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  60. ^ (子抗嗣。 ... 子諶嗣。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  61. ^ (子翕嗣。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  62. ^ (... 甄氏皇后生明帝, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  63. ^ (及兾州平,文帝納后於鄴,有寵,生明帝及東鄉公主。) Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  64. ^ (... 徐姬生元城哀王禮, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  65. ^ (五年,以任城王楷子悌嗣禮後。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  66. ^ (徐姬者,京兆新豐人也,有容色。太祖將定冀州,文帝之在黎陽,納以為姬,甚有寵。生二女,長即臨汾公主,次早卒。建安十三年,生元城王禮。) Hang Shijun (杭世駿). Sanguozhi buzhu (三國志補注; Additional notes on Records of the Three Kingdoms), vol. 1.
  67. ^ (... 潘淑媛生北海悼王蕤, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  68. ^ (... 朱淑媛生東武陽懷王鑒, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  69. ^ (... 仇昭儀生東海定王霖, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  70. ^ (二年,以琅邪王子贊奉蕤後,封昌鄉公。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  71. ^ (無子。國除。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  72. ^ (子啟嗣。 ... 高貴鄉公髦,霖之子也,入繼大宗。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  73. ^ (初,太后弟秉, ... 秉薨,子蘭嗣。 ... 蘭子隆女為高貴鄉公皇后, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  74. ^ (... 李貴人生贊哀王恊, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  75. ^ (... 蘇姬生邯鄲懷王邕, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  76. ^ (... 張姬生清河悼王貢, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  77. ^ (... 宋姬生廣平哀王儼。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  78. ^ (三年,子殤王尋嗣。 ... 無子。國除。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  79. ^ (五年,以任城王楷子溫嗣邕後。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  80. ^ (無子。國除。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  81. ^ (無子。國除。) Sanguozhi vol. 20.
  82. ^ (是時柴貴人亦有寵,后教訓獎導之。) Wei Shu annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  83. ^ (其後帝欲遣任氏,后請於帝曰:「任旣鄉黨名族,德、色,妾等不及也,如何遣之?」帝曰:「任性狷急不婉順,前後忿吾非一,是以遣之耳。」后流涕固請曰:「妾受敬遇之恩,衆人所知,必謂任之出,是妾之由。上懼有見私之譏,下受專寵之罪,願重留意!」帝不聽,遂出之。) Wei Shu annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  84. ^ (魏略曰:明帝旣嗣立,追痛甄后之薨,故太后以憂暴崩。甄后臨沒,以帝屬李夫人。) Weilue annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  85. ^ a b (黃初元年十月,帝踐阼。踐阼之後,山陽公奉二女以嬪于魏,郭后、李、陰貴人並愛幸, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  86. ^ (文帝定為嗣,后有謀焉。太子即王位,后為夫人,及踐阼,為貴嬪。) Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  87. ^ (魏書曰:父永,官至南郡太守,謚敬侯。母姓董氏, ...) Wei Shu annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  88. ^ (曹喈字仲雍,魏太子之仲子也。) Cao Zijian collection (曹子建集), vol. 10, Lamenting Zhongyong (仲雍哀辭).
  89. ^ a b (初,張當私以所擇才人張、何等與爽。) Sanguozhi vol. 9.
  90. ^ (初,明帝為王,始納河內虞氏為妃, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  91. ^ (明悼毛皇后,河內人也。 ... 后父嘉,拜騎都尉,后弟曾,郎中。) Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  92. ^ (明元郭皇后, ... 追封謚太后父滿為西都定侯,以立子建紹其爵。封太后母杜為郃陽君。) Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  93. ^ (辛巳,立皇子冏為清河王。) Sanguozhi vol. 3.
  94. ^ (乙酉,立皇子穆為繁陽王。) Sanguozhi vol. 3.
  95. ^ (乙酉,皇子殷生,大赦。) Sanguozhi vol. 3.
  96. ^ (太和六年,明帝愛女淑薨,追封謚淑為平原懿公主,為之立廟。) Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  97. ^ (初,豐自以身處機密,息韜又以列侯給事中,尚齊長公主,) Wei Shu annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 9.
  98. ^ (愷少有識量,尚魏明帝女, ... 有司收太官宰人檢覈,是愷妻齊長公主得賜魏時御器也。) Jin Shu vol. 45.
  99. ^ (齊王諱芳,字蘭卿。明帝無子,養王及秦王詢;宮省事祕,莫有知其所由來者。) Sanguozhi vol. 4.
  100. ^ (魏氏春秋曰:或云任城王楷子。) Wei Shi Chunqiu annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 4.
  101. ^ (秋七月,洛陽崇華殿災,八月庚午,立皇子芳為齊王,詢為秦王。) Sanguozhi vol. 3.
  102. ^ (后兄儼孫女為齊王皇后, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 5.
  103. ^ (緝以中書郎稍遷東莞太守。嘉平中,女為皇后, ...) Sanguozhi vol. 15.
  104. ^ (夏四月,立皇后王氏,大赦。五月,封后父奉車都尉王夔為廣明鄉侯、 ...) Sanguozhi vol. 4.
  105. ^ a b (甄后崩後,帝欲立王貴人為皇后。 ... 後卒待張皇后疏薄。太后遭郃陽君喪,帝日在後園,倡優音樂自若,不數往定省。 ... 皇太后還北宮,殺張美人及禺婉,帝恚望, ...) Wei Shu annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 4.
  106. ^ (魏以壹為車騎將軍、儀同三司,封吳侯,以故主芳貴人邢氏妻之。) Sanguozhi vol. 51.
  107. ^ a b (於陵雲臺曲中施帷,見九親婦女,帝臨宣曲觀,呼懷、信使入帷共飲酒。懷、信等更行酒,婦女皆醉,戲侮無別。使保林李華、劉勳等與懷、信等戲,清商令令狐景呵華、 ...) Wei Shu annotation in Sanguozhi vol. 4.