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Carnaross or Carnaros (Irish: Carn na Ros) is a small town in County Meath, Ireland, some 4 km northwest of Kells on the R147 road between Kells and Virginia. Ordnance Survey of Ireland map ref. N 698
One interesting feature is the old Anglican Church. Unusually this is made out of tin. Sold in the early 1980s to people [details required] from Collon, Louth, it is currently used as a Baptist/Independent Evangelical church. The minister is Pastor Tom Wallace
Arriving at the exact derivation of a placename is often not possible. Where cairn appears in a place name the reference is to an ancient pagan burial site. It was customary to put a cairn or heap of stones over a grave. The custom was mostly abandoned with the arrival of Christianity.
Evidence for just such a pagan burial site may exist nearby in a farmers field. Known as Keim the churchyard, it contains an ogham stone discovered in 2006 <http://www.megalithicireland.com/Castlekeeran.htm> by someone digging a grave. The inscription reads “COVAGNI MAQI MUCOI LUGUNI” which translates as: Cuana son of the people of Lugh. Tribes of the Gaileanga and Luighne occupied these territories anciently, with Cuana, Maelan, Mac Maelan and Leochain or Loughan cited as a chiefly names amongst notices for these Luighne and Gaileanga. Cuana is linked with the ancient battle of Belach-Duinn (Castlekeiran),
Carnaross, (detail from Larkin's Grand Jury Map, 1812 but a cairn was still raised over suicides, the unbaptised and victims of war or fever who, for practical reasons, could not be brought to the churchyard. No passers-by would dare touch the cairn, and in some places a tree was planted instead of, or in addition to, the heap of stones.
In county Meath some of the places with cairn in their names are Rathcairn, Kilcairn, Cairnstown and Carnaross, to name but a few. Carnaross may have got its name from the Irish cairn. In P.W. Joyce's Irish Names of Places, (1913) vol. III, we find a reference to Carnaross which states that "the old people there say it is shortened from 'Carraig-na-ros', 'the rock of the woods', perhaps an ancient reference to this ogham stone just recently discovered.
However, there is evidence that Carnaross, cathru na ros, could also translate as the quarter of the hills and not the quarter of the cairn. In ancient Ireland ceathru signified a quarter of a townland. The Normans introduced a similar sounding word, cartron, (in French quarteron), for the same kind of division of land which was, according to Joyce, from 60 to 160 acres (0.65 km2). Cartronganny, near Mullingar, is the sandy cartron or the sandy quarter. Ros
Ros is more difficult to interpret. It would not have been applied to any kind of hill, but rather to a promontory covered with trees or brushwood. In parts of Ireland the word is synonymous with wood, and a perfect example of the meaning of ros can be seen on the Donore road from Navan to Drogheda at Rosnaree. There is evidence that the valley of the Blackwater was thickly wooded in ancient times, and to the north of Castle Kieran is a locality named Cloghanrush, the stony place of the wood.
The parish of Carnaross is composed of the three mediaeval parishes of Castle Kieran, Loughan and Dulane. Carnaross is not even mentioned as a townland earlier than 1837, and even then John O'Donovan in the Ordnance Survey Field Name Books, refers to it as "a group of houses (two of them public houses) called Carnaross." It was, however, the site of a thatched chapel, (on the same site as the present church), and afterwards, when stage coaches came, it grew in importance and, because it was situated on the main Dublin-Enniskillen route, it soon boasted two inns.
The townland of Loughan belonged to the Mapes of Maperath before the Cromwellian plantation; afterwards it was one of the many grants allotted to an officer named James Stopford. Dean Cogan mentions the holy well dedicated to St. Anne.
In describing Castle Kieran he notes:
"Convenient to the termon cross, on the south side, there is a green grave marking the resting place of a priest, name now unknown, on which, at interments, the coffin is deposited, while the De Profundis is being intoned."
DEANERY OF KELLS CARNAROSS. 281
" In the Termann of Cenannas, in Meath, as the Oidheadh Breasail (the Massacre of Breasal, a tale so called) states (he was killed by) Diarmait, his father, and he was resuscitated by Becan. "
This union comprises parishes of Loghan and Dulane,* the former of which is situated partly in the barony of Castlerahan, County Cavan, but chiefly in that of Upper Kells ; the latter is situated in the barony of Upper Kells, County Meath.
Loghan. The old church has been torn down and up- rooted. There was a holy well here dedicated to St. Anne. The ruins of the abbey-church of Castle-Kieran are situated in the parish of Loghan. (See vol. i. pp. 124, 125). Convenient to the termon-cross, on the south-side, there is a green grave, marking the resting-place of a priest, name now unknown, on which, at interments, the coffin is deposited, while the JDe Profundis is being en- toned.
Dulane. This old church presents every appearance of antiquity. The chancel has been torn down. The nave measures thirty feet by twenty-one. There is a plain doorway on the west end, surmounted by an immense block of stone ; another entrance on the south side seems to have been more modern. The baptismal font lies to the north of the church. It is a large stone with sides inclining, about three feet in height, and measures inter- nally one foot ten inches by ten inches. Here stood the ancient abbey of Tuilen, or Tulan, founded by St. Cair- nigh in the sixth century. The grey walls of the vene- rable sanctuary, in the last stage of desolation, encompassed by a rich and beautiful country, cannot fail to speak to the heart of the pilgrim, and remind him of the once happy days of Ireland.
The parishes of Loghan, Castle-Kieran, and Dulane were once separate and distinct. Latterly the union has been called the parish of Carnaross. Dulane was under the patronage of St. Cairneck, and Castle-Kiernan under that of St. Kieran.
CASTLEKEIRAN, a village, in the parish of LOGHAN, barony of UPPER KELLS, county of MEATH, and province of LEINSTER, 2 ½ miles (W. N. W.) from Kells; containing 24 houses and 162 inhabitants.
LOGHAN, or LOUGHAN, a parish, partly in the barony of CASTLERAHAN, county of CAVAN, and province of ULSTER, but chiefly in the barony of UPPER KELLS, county of MEATH, and province of LEINSTER, 4 miles (N. W.) from Kells, on the road from Dublin by Kells to Enniskillen; containing 3795 inhabitants, of which number, 339 are in the village of Loghan. This parish, which is also called Castlekeiran and Tristelkerin, contains also the villages of Rathendrick, Derver, and Castlekeiran, and is situated on the river Blackwater, near its source in Lough Ramor. It is a rectory, in the diocese of Meath, entirely impropriate in the Marquess of Headfort: the tithes amount to £250. The impropriator allows £10 per annum to the curate of Mounter-Connaught parish for performing the occasional duties of that part of Loghan which lies in the county of Cavan, and of which the Protestant inhabitants attend Virginia church: those of the Meath portion attend the church of Kells. In the R. C. divisions Loghan forms part of the union or district of Carnaross, or Dulane. At Edenburt is a national school of about 60 children, aided by the Marquess of Headfort; and at Carnaross is a private school of about the same number. On the banks of the river are the remains of a small church, dedicated to St. Kieran, with a large and richly sculptured stone cross in the cemetery; here is also a holy well, much resorted to by the peasantry on the first Sunday in August.
DULEEN, or DULANE, a parish, in the barony of UPPER KELLS, county of MEATH, and province of LEINSTER, 2 1/4 miles (N.) from Kells, on the road to Moynalty; containing 1503 inhabitants. It comprises 4150 statute acres, as applotted under the tithe act: the land is generally of good quality; and the system of agriculture is improved. There is a sufficient quantity of bog for fuel, and there are quarries of limestone and freestone. The gentlemen's seats are Maprath, that of T. Taylor Rowley, Esq.; Williamston, of the Rev. G. Garnett; Willmount, of J. Radcliff, Esq.; and Oakley Park, of Capt. Graham. It is a chapelry, in the diocese of Meath, forming part of the union of Kells and corps of the archdeaconry of Meath : the tithes amount to £200; the glebe comprises 2a. 3r. 17p. In the R. C. divisions it is the head of a union or district called Carnaross, comprising also the parish of Loghan, in each of which is a chapel; the chapel of Duleen is a neat edifice. There is a private school, in which are about 50 children. There are some ancient crosses in Kiern churchyard, said to have been placed there by a saint of that name, which are held in great veneration by the peasantry.
1170. Dulane was plundered by Dermod Mac Murchadh, King of Leinster, and the foreigners.
After the Anglo-Norman invasion, the abbey of Dulane pined away, ana henceforth we find it a parish church. To the south of the old church, in the cemetery, is a horizontal tomb, considerably sunk in the clay, with the following inscription:ABBEY OF CASTLEKIERAN. CASTLEKIERAN, called sometimes hter-Chiarain, is situated in the parish of Loghan, barony of Upper Kells. This place was anciently called Bealaigh-duin, " the Road or Pass of the Fort". A monastery was founded here on the southern bank of the Abhainn-Sele, or Blackwater, by St. Ciaran, which was called Diseart Chiarain-Bealaigh-duin
The Annals of the Four Masters we have the following notices of this place : 770. Ciaran,* the Pious, of Bealach-dain, died on 14 June. 855. Siadhal, Abbot of Disert-Chiarain (Castlekieran), died. 868. Comsudh, Abbot of Disert-Chiarain, of Bealach-duin, died. 949. Castlekieran was plundered by the Danes. 961. Dubhthach, Abbot of Castlekieran, died. 1170. Castlekieran was burned by Dermod Mac Murcha, king of Leinster, and the foreigners. The old churchf is quadrangular, measuring forty-five feet six inches by twenty feet. Most of the stones have been carried away, and the whole presents a melancholy picture of desolation. There are interesting remains of five Termon crosses, J between four of which the church is situated ; and one of those on the north side is placed in the Blackwater.
The Iron Church
The old Anglican Church, unusually made out of tin or iron remains there to this day. It is however currently used as an Independent Evangelical place of worship under the name "The Iron Church"
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