Navan

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For the beverage, see Navan liqueur. For the village in Iran, see Navan, Iran.
Navan
An Uaimh
Town
Market Square
Market Square
Navan is located in Ireland
Navan
Navan
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°39′10″N 6°40′53″W / 53.6528°N 6.6814°W / 53.6528; -6.6814Coordinates: 53°39′10″N 6°40′53″W / 53.6528°N 6.6814°W / 53.6528; -6.6814
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
County County Meath
Dáil Éireann Meath West
Elevation 42 m (138 ft)
Population (2011).[1]
 • Rank 10th
 • Urban 28,158
 • Environs 401
Irish Grid Reference N872677
Website www.meath.ie

Navan (/ˈnævən/; Irish: an Uaimh) is the county town of County Meath in Ireland. In 2011, the town and its environs had a population of 28,559; making it the 5th largest town, and 10th largest urban settlement, in Ireland.[1]

History and name[edit]

Navan is a Norman foundation: Hugh de Lacy, who was granted the Lordship of Meath in 1172, awarded the Barony of Navan to one of his knights, Jocelyn de Angulo, who built a fort there from which the town developed.

Navan is one of the world's few palindromic placenames. Variants of Navan had been in use since Norman times.[2] It is thought to come from Irish an Uamhain, meaning "the cave/souterrain",[3] a variant of its more common Irish name an Uaimh. In 1922, when the Irish Free State was founded, an Uaimh was adopted as the town's only official name.[2] However, it failed to gain popularity in English and in 1971 the name was reverted to Navan in English.[2][4]

Economy[edit]

Tara Mine, Europe's largest lead and zinc mine is located in Navan. The town traditionally was famous for carpets (Navan Carpets closed in 2003) and for a thriving furniture industry (Beechmount Home Park). Both are now in decline, or have ceased, as a result of the move away from manufacture to cheaper locations like Eastern Europe. Nevertheless, Navan has rapidly expanded with the Celtic Tiger to become a large dormitory town due to its proximity to Dublin.

Transport[edit]

Railway[edit]

The town has a freight only railway line which passes the former Navan railway station. Navan was a railway crossroads, with the GNR(I) line from Drogheda to Oldcastle and the MGWR line from Kingscourt to Clonsilla (on the Dublin to Sligo line) passing through the town, connecting at Navan Junction.

The GNR(I) line from Navan to Oldcastle and the MGWR line from Clonsilla to Navan closed in 1963, leaving the lines from Drogheda to Navan and Navan to Kingscourt in place. A spur to Tara Mines on the Navan to Oldcastle trackbed was reinstated in 1977.

As of 2005 the railway is solely used by Iarnród Éireann to bring freight from the local lead and zinc mine, Tara Mines, to Dublin Port. The line from Kingscourt was used for transport of gypsum until quite recently but now this line is unused.

A campaign to have the Clonsilla to Navan line reopened, seeks a commuter service to Dublin, initially via the existing Drogheda line, and then directly through reopening the direct line to Dublin via Dunboyne. The Transport 21 plan envisaged the reopening of Clonsilla services happening in two stages, initially to a park and ride off the M3 at Pace by 2009 and later extending to Navan by 2015. The first stage of the project as far as Pace, Co Meath was completed in 2010, and a daily commuter service to Dublin Docklands Station commenced on 2 September 2010. The second stage of the rail link to Navan has been postponed indefinitely as a consequence of cutbacks in the state's infrastructural spend announced in July 2010.

Bus[edit]

Navan is served by several bus routes. However the town as yet has no central bus station and there are four separate stops in the town, with different routes serving each (Market Square, Mercy Convent, Shopping Centre & Fire Station). The majority of routes are operated by Bus Éireann. The most frequent route is the 109 to Dublin which departs from the Market Square.

Sillan also serve the town.[5] Royal Breffni Tours provide services to Dundalk Institute of Technology.[6] Streamline Coaches provide services to NUI Maynooth.[7]

Navan bus stops

Stop Route
Market Square 107 to Kingscourt/ Kentstown, 109 & 109N to Dublin, 190&/190A to Laytown, Drogheda, Trim & Athboy
Mercy Convent 030 to Donegal (infrequent), 070 to Athlone (infrequent), 109 to Cavan
Shopping Centre Town service, 134, 135, & 136 (Thursday-only rural routes)
Fire Station 030 to Dublin Airport (infrequent), 109A to Dublin Airport

Education[edit]

St. Mary's Church

Navan has a number of secondary schools, including private denominational and public inter-denominational and non-denominational. St. Patrick's Classical School is a Roman Catholic boys-only school. Loreto Secondary School, St. Michael's at the Loreto Convent, and St. Joseph's Secondary School at the Mercy Convent are both girls-only Roman Catholic convent schools. Coláiste na Mí is a VEC-run school in Johnstown which opened in 2013. Beaufort College is a large state- owned inter-denominational vocational school. The Abylity Secondary College was a parent-owned fee-paying non-denominational school.[8][9]

Navan and the surrounding area has a number of primary schools, including the town's Catholic boys' primary school Scoil Mhuire which was originally run by the De La Salle Brothers. Pierce Brosnan was a former pupil of St. Anne's Loreto which is situated beside St. Mary's Catholic Church and near to St. Joseph's Mercy. There are also St. Paul's, St. Ultan's, and St. Oliver's primary schools. Scoil Éanna is the town's oldest and largest gaelscoil. The town's only Church of Ireland secondary school, Preston School, closed in the 1970s. It is now the site of the shopping centre in the town. There is a Church of Ireland primary school known as Flowerfield School, at Connolly Avenue, a new site. It was originally situated at the Flowerfield area of the town, on the main thoroughfare to Drogheda, in a building which has been sympathetically converted into private accommodation. There is also a multi-denominational Educate Together primary school in the town, sited at Commons Road.

People[edit]

Sir Francis Beaufort KCB, FRS, FRGS, MRIA

Navan was the childhood home of Pierce Brosnan, who went on to play James Bond. TV personality Hector Ó hEochagáin, and comedians Dylan Moran and Tommy Tiernan also hail from Navan.

Other famous Navan people have included Sir Francis Beaufort famous for his wind scale. His birthplace was removed by the local council in the 1990s to make way for a road junction.

Leading Trance producer John O'Callaghan is also from the area.

Entrepreneur Ian Clarke, the man behind Freenet, Revver and SenseArray is also a Navan native. Clarke's family owns The Sports Den,[10] which is currently operated by his brother Simon.[11]

Sport[edit]

Navan Races (September 2007)

Navan has had success in the Meath Senior Football Championship. Pierce O'Mahony's and Navan Gaels are both defunct GAA clubs. Together they have won 14 Meath Senior Football Championship Titles. Navan O'Mahony's was founded in 1948 and with 17 S.F.C titles they are the most successful football club in County Meath. Páirc Tailteann is located in Navan and is home of the Meath Gaelic football and Hurling teams.

Navan R.F.C. won over 186 trophies in the 1960s and currently compete in the All Ireland League (AIL) Division 3

Knockharley Cricket Club were founded in 1982 and are the only cricket club in County Meath competing in the Leinster Cricket Union, the clubs most recent success came in 2006 when the 1st XI won the Middle 2 Leinster Cup defeating Mullingar at North Kildare.

Parkvilla Football Club[12] were founded in 1966 and are the highest placed soccer club in Meath playing in the Leinster Senior League in Senior 1A. They have a very successful schoolboy/girl section which has consistently won the highest honours in the North Eastern Counties Schoolboy League. The club were honoured with a Civic reception by Navan Town Council in 2006 for their contribution to sport and the community in Navan. Their home ground is Claremont Stadium, Commons Road, Navan whom they co-own with Navan Athletic Club.

Horse Racing, both National Hunt racing and Flat racing, take place at Navan Racecourse.

Twinning[edit]

Navan is twinned with the following places:

There is an initiative to twin Navan with Navan, Ontario, Canada which was given its name by Michael O'Meara from Navan, County Meath, who set up a trading post in Canada in the 1840s which became a Post Office called Navan. Navan, Ontario is now a village on the outskirts of Ottawa with an approximate population of 3500 people. The Navan2Navan Community Initiative was set up in 2012 to develop links between the two towns.[15]

Arts[edit]

Railway Street in Navan is the home of the Solstice Art Gallery, which is run by Meath County Council and leading art exhibitions are held there regularly.

Meath Arts Group is very active in the area.

Public Art[edit]

Sniomh by Betty Newman Maguire in front of Navan Fire Station. A sculpture inspired by the movement of water and the merging of the rivers Boyne and Blackwater.

The Fifth Province by Richard King on the Navan Bypass. A sculpture symbolising the ideal for the cultural integration of all the people of the island of Ireland. Composed of four branches and a central upright stem that symbolises the flowering of hope and peace.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c An Uaimh - its Origin. Navan Historical Society.
  2. ^ Joyce, P W. Origin of the name Navan, in The Wonders of Ireland (1911).
  3. ^ "S.I. No. 200/1971:Local Government (Change of Name of Urban District) Order, 1971". 
  4. ^ http://sillan.ie/index.php/bus-timetables
  5. ^ http://www.royalbreffnitours.com/dundalk/
  6. ^ http://www.streamlinecoaches.ie/timetables.asp
  7. ^ "School Details for all open Post Primary Schools in Ireland" (XLS). Education Provider Search. Department of Education and Science (Ireland). 2006. Retrieved 2 May 2007. 
  8. ^ "Smith Duff appointed". Drogheda Independent (Independent Newspapers (Ireland)). 15 June 2001. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 2 May 2007. 
  9. ^ sportsden.ie
  10. ^ "Locutus of Blog – Ian Clarke's musings on technology, politics, and life". Blog.locut.us. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  11. ^ parkvillafc.net
  12. ^ "Group visits Navan's twin town in Italy". 19 August 2009. Retrieved 1 September 2009. 
  13. ^ "Twinning charter signed in Navan". 20 June 2006. Retrieved 1 September 2009. 
  14. ^ http://www.navan2navan.com

External links[edit]

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