|• Mayor||Manuel Reyes (PPC)|
|• Total||12.9 km2 (5.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|• Density||4,800/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|Demonym||castelldefelenc, castelldefelenca (Ca)
castelldefelense, castelldefelensa (Es)
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Official language(s)||Catalan and Spanish|
Castelldefels (Catalan pronunciation: [kəsˌteʎdəˈfɛɫs]) is a municipality in the Baix Llobregat comarca, in the province of Barcelona in Catalonia, Spain, and part of the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona. Its population is 63.151 (INE 2011).
Geography and location
It is located about 20 km (12 mi) southwest of Barcelona, just to the north of the massís del Garraf and is the last town on the coast before the comarca of Garraf. The town is famous for its long beach (more than 5 km), for being the place of residence of many famous sportsmen and for being the city which inspired the creation of the character "El Neng de Castefa" who used to appear on the late night show called "BFN" hosted by the showman and presenter Andreu Buenafuente. During the summer, many people from Barcelona and the countryside visit it. Nearby towns include Gavà, Viladecans, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Sitges and el Prat de Llobregat. Castelldefels borders the coast of the Mediterranean Sea between Sitges and Gavà.
The Olympic canal, called Canal Olímpic de Catalunya, built for the 1992 Summer Olympic Games of Barcelona is in the town.
Demography and governance
Between 1979 and 2011, the town was governed by the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC). The first democratic mayor after Constitution was Agustín Marina Pérez (ca). In 2011, the conservative People's Party (PP) won a plurality of seats for the first time, and Manuel Reyes of the PP was elected mayor of the town.
Summary of council election results
|Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC)||8||15||12||11||9||9||8||9||7|
|Initiative for Catalonia Greens (IU)||5†||2||3||1||2||3||3|
|United and Alternative Left (IU)||1|
|Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD)||4|
|Convergence and Union (CiU)||1||3||5||6||4||4||3||4||5|
|Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)||1||1||1|
|People's Party (PP)||2*||1*||3||5||5||5||5||8|
|Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC)||1||1|
|Democratic and Social Centre (CDS)||1|
|Citizens – Party of the Citizenry (Cs)||1|
|Total number of seats||21||21||21||21||21||21||21||25||25|
Castelldefels School of Technology provides higher education in aeronautics and telecommunications technology. The town is also the location of the British School of Barcelona. There are ten public primary school and three public secondary school.
Transport links include two stations (Castelldefels and Platja de Castelldefels) on RENFE line R2 from Sant Vicenç de Calders to Maçanet-Massanes via Barcelona, bus routes to Barcelona (L94, L95, L97), Barcelona Airport (L99) and Sant Boi de Llobregat (L96), as well as an urban bus route connecting the rest of the town (CF1), the C-32 motorway and the C-31 and C-245 dual carriageways. A second railway line is due to be constructed from Cornellà de Llobregat to Castelldefels.
On 23 June 2010, 12 young people were killed, and 14 injured, when they were hit by an express train as they crossed the tracks in the railway station at Platja de Castelldefels, while on their way to a summer solstice bonfire party.
- 72037 Castelldefels
- "El PP promet austeritat a Castelldefels després de conquerir la històrica alcaldia socialista", ara.cat, 11 June 2011
- Eleccions municipals 1979–2011, Ciutats catalanes de més de 25.000 habitants, Historiaelectoral.com, accessed 4 September 2011
- "Twelve Spanish Teenagers Killed by Express Train", The Guardian, 24 June 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2010
- Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria; Rios Calvet, Jaume; Rabella Vives, Josep Maria (1989). Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona: Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3 (Spanish). ISBN 84-87135-02-1 (Catalan).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Castelldefels.|
- Official site (in Catalan and Spanish)
- Informative website since 1996 (in Catalan, English, Spanish and French)
- Webcam de la playa de Castelldefels
- Unofficial town website of business companies
- Artistic and historical buildings in Castelldefels (in Catalan)
- Castelldefels Asteroid
- Sitges and surrounding areas