Castrovillari

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Castrovillari
Comune
Comune di Castrovillari
The massif of Pollino  seen from Mimmo Rende Stadium
The massif of Pollino
seen from Mimmo Rende Stadium
Coat of arms of Castrovillari
Coat of arms
Castrovillari within the Province of Cosenza and Calabria
Castrovillari within the Province of Cosenza and Calabria
Castrovillari is located in Italy
Castrovillari
Castrovillari
Location of Castrovillari in Italy
Coordinates: 39°49′N 16°12′E / 39.817°N 16.200°E / 39.817; 16.200Coordinates: 39°49′N 16°12′E / 39.817°N 16.200°E / 39.817; 16.200
Country Italy
Region Calabria
Province Cosenza (CS)
Frazioni Cammarata, Ciminito, Vigne
Government
 • Mayor Domenico Lo Polito
Area
 • Total 130 km2 (50 sq mi)
Elevation 362 m (1,188 ft)
Population (October 30, 2010)
 • Total 22,586
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Demonym Castrovillaresi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 87012
Dialing code 0981
Patron saint St. Iulian
Saint day January 27
Website Official website

Castrovillari is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy. As of 2010 its population was of 22,586.[1]

History[edit]

The name derives probably from the medieval Latin castrum villarum, meaning "fortress of the villas". The city was founded under the Crown of Aragon, which built the famous Castle. The town is situated in the middle of a huge arena shaped by big mountains, like Pollino (2248) and Dolcedorme (2273). This is the area of Pollino natural park, one of the biggest in Europe.

Geography[edit]

Castrovillari lies in north of Calabria, close to the borders with Basilicata and within the Pollino National Park. It counts 3 civil parishes (frazioni): Cammarata, Ciminito and Vigne.

The town borders with the municipalities of Altomonte, Cassano allo Ionio, Cerchiara di Calabria, Chiaromonte (PZ), Civita, Frascineto, Morano Calabro, San Basile, San Lorenzo Bellizzi, San Lorenzo del Vallo, Saracena, Spezzano Albanese, Viggianello and Terranova di Pollino (PZ).

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1861 7,846 —    
1871 9,009 +14.8%
1881 10,649 +18.2%
1901 9,945 −6.6%
1911 9,709 −2.4%
1921 10,225 +5.3%
1931 12,009 +17.4%
1936 11,943 −0.5%
1951 13,810 +15.6%
1961 14,950 +8.3%
1971 17,331 +15.9%
1981 20,452 +18.0%
1991 23,249 +13.7%
2001 22,389 −3.7%
2010 22,586 +0.9%
Source: ISTAT

Main sights[edit]

  • Castello Aragonese
  • Ponte della Catena (Bridge of the Chain), connecting the two halves of the city
  • church of San Giuliano
  • Franciscan protoconvent
  • church of Madonna del Castello

Transport[edit]

The town was served, until 1978,[2] by a railway station on the abandoned narrow gauge line Lagonegro-Lauria-Castrovillari-Spezzano Albanese, owned by the regional company Ferrovie della Calabria (FC). It is crossed by the A3 motorway (Naples-Salerno-Cosenza-Reggio Calabria) and served by two exits: "Castrovillari-Morano Calabro" and "Castrovillari-Frascineto".

Sport[edit]

Chess practice is quite common in Castrovillari, the local team playing in the second division of the Italian team competition. Regarding football, the most representative team is the U.S. Castrovillari Calcio, commonly known as Castrovillari. The team played for several seasons in the Serie C2,[3] the fourth highest football league in Italy and the lowest with a professional status. Its home ground is the "Mimmo Rende Stadium".

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ (Italian) Source: ISTAT 2010
  2. ^ (Italian) Historical infos about the Lagonegro-Castrovillari-Spezzano railway
  3. ^ Now Lega Pro Seconda Divisione

External links[edit]