Longobucco

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Longobucco
Comune
Comune di Longobucco
Longobucco Panorama.jpg
Coat of arms of Longobucco
Coat of arms
Longobucco is located in Italy
Longobucco
Longobucco
Location of Longobucco in Italy
Coordinates: 39°26′53″N 16°36′40″E / 39.44806°N 16.61111°E / 39.44806; 16.61111
Country Italy
Region Calabria
Province Province of Cosenza (CS)
Frazioni Destro, Ortiano, Manco, Cava di Melis, San Pietro in Angaro
Government
 • Mayor Luigi Stasi
Area
 • Total 210 km2 (80 sq mi)
Elevation 800 m (2,600 ft)
Population (31 May 2010)
 • Total 3,694
 • Density 18/km2 (46/sq mi)
Demonym Longobucchesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 87066
Dialing code 0983
Patron saint St. Dominic
Saint day 4 August
Website Official website

Longobucco is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza, in the Calabria region of southern Italy.

Longobucco's name derives from longburg (meaning "far away borough", or "simply long borough"); in the past it was associated with Temesa, or Tempsa, the ancient town Homer was referring to in his Odyssey and famous for its mining fields, from which the Sybarites derived silver to coin their coins, as well as Kroton and the Romans. The first documents about the Argentera date to the 12th century. In 1197 Emperor Henry VI sent to oppido nostro Longoburgi (our town Longburg) his relative Pietro di Livonia to supervise the precious mineral extraction. Even Gioacchino da Fiore went there for the manufacturing of some goblets.

In the 16th century ‘the Argentera‘ was the most important mine in the area, where people continued working until 1783. Between 1806 and 1808 Longobucco was thrice invaded by the French. From 1861 on, the town was involved in the phenomenon of Brigantaggio, which was hardly repressed. It turned into the land of famous bandit-chiefs, among whom was Domenico Strafaci known as Palma. Emigration to the United States and Argentina reached its peak at this time as Longobucchesi such as the Gammuto family sought to escape poverty and the brigantaggio to find opportunity in the new world.

At the beginning of the 19th century the first power stations started working. After World War II the Longobucchesi took part in a massive working-class and farm-labourers rebellion. In the 1950s a reforestation process was started by reclaiming areas, as well as in the 1960s and the 1970s many services too. Today’s projects are relying on tourism, natural resources, typical products, craftsmanship and cooperation for the development of the town.

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