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"Chameleon" is a jazz standard composed by Herbie Hancock in collaboration with Bennie Maupin, Paul Jackson and Harvey Mason, all of whom also performed the original 15'44" version on the 1973 landmark album Head Hunters featuring solos by Hancock and Maupin.
The piece is one of the most widely recognized jazz standards, and has become standard repertoire in most small jazz ensembles. It has been covered by many notable artists, including Maceo Parker, Buddy Rich, Big Sam's Funky Nation, Maynard Ferguson, Eddie Jefferson, Gov't Mule, Monty Alexander with Sly Dunbar & Robbie Shakespeare, Michał Urbaniak, The String Cheese Incident, Umphrey's McGee, James Morrison, Vivid Vacuum, Four o'clock Tuesday, ErenGencOkan Trio, Kâmil Sextette, The Bitter End All Star Jam Band, The Boat Exclusion, and many others.
The song has been unofficially featured by the 400-man Strath Haven High School Marching Band since as early as 2006. The saxophone line originally was played by a solo trumpeter, but recently has been played by the trombone and tenor saxophone sections.
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