Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton

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Charles Paulet
Duke of Bolton
Marquess of Winchester
Baron St. John
Marquess of Winchester COA.svg
Arms of Paulet: Sable, three swords pilewise points in base proper pomels and hilts or
Spouse(s) Christian Frescheville
Mary Scrope

Issue

Jane Paulet
Mary Paulet
Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton
William Paulet
Noble family Paulet
Father John Paulet, 5th Marquess of Winchester
Mother Jane Savage
Born c. 1630
Died 27 February 1699 (aged 68–69)
Buried St Mary's Church, Basing Hampshire
51°16′17″N 1°02′48″W / 51.27139°N 1.04667°W / 51.27139; -1.04667Coordinates: 51°16′17″N 1°02′48″W / 51.27139°N 1.04667°W / 51.27139; -1.04667

Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton, PC (c. 1630[1] – 27 February 1699), was an English nobleman, the son of John Paulet, 5th Marquess of Winchester and his first wife, Jane Savage.[2]

Career[edit]

Paulet succeeded his father as the sixth Marquess of Winchester in 1675. He was MP for Winchester in 1660 and then for Hampshire from 1661 to 5 Mar. 1675.[1] Before his accession to the Marquessate he was styled Lord St John.[2]

He held the following offices:[1]

  • Freeman, Winchester June 1660, Hartlepool 1670
  • Justice of the Peace Hampshire July 1660-?d., Yorkshire (North Riding) 1664-?85, Surrey, Middlesex and Westminster 1671-?80, (East Riding) by 1680-85
  • Commissioner for assessment, Hampshire August 1660-75, N. Riding 1663-75, Wet and East Ridings and county Durham 1673-5
  • Commissioner for loyal and indigent officers, Hampshire 1662
  • Lord Lieutenant Hampshire 1667-76, 1689-1699;
  • Warden of the New Forest 1668-76, 1689-1699
  • High Steward, Winchester 1669-84
  • Custos rotulorum Hampshire 1670-6, 1689-1699
  • Keeper of King’s Lodge, Petersham 1671-?76
  • Commissioner for recusants, Hampshire 1675
  • Colonel of militia horse and foot by 1697-1699
  • Privy Councillor 22 Apr. 1679-1699
  • Colonel of foot 1689-98.

Having supported the claim of William and Mary to the English throne in 1688, he was restored to the Privy Council and to the office of Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire, and was created Duke of Bolton on 9 April 1689.[2] He built Bolton Hall, North Yorkshire in 1678.[3]

An eccentric man, hostile to Lord Halifax and afterwards to the Duke of Marlborough, he is said to have travelled during 1687 with four coaches and 100 horsemen, sleeping during the day and giving entertainments at night.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Charles Paulet Married twice:

First marriage[edit]

He married as his first wife, 28 February 1652, Christian (13 December 1633–22 May 1654), daughter of John Frescheville, 1st Baron Frescheville of Staveley, Derbyshire and Sarah Harrington, and by her had a son:[2]

  • Unknown Paulet, born May 1653, died May 1653

Christian, Lady St. John, died 22 May 1653 in childbirth and was buried with her infant at Staveley, Derbyshire.[2]

Second marriage[edit]

He married as his second wife, 12 February 1655, at St. Dionis Backchurch, London, Mary (died 1 November 1680), the illegitimate daughter of Emanuel Scrope, 1st Earl of Sunderland, widow of Henry Carey, Lord Leppington, and by her had issue:[1][4][5]

Mary, Lady Paulet died 1 Nov 1680, at Moulins, Allier, France, and was buried, 12 Nov 1680, at Wensley, Yorkshire.[6]

Death[edit]

Charles Paulet died suddenly at Amport on 27 February 1699, aged 68, and was buried 23 March at Basing Hampshire.[1][6]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Helms 1983.
  2. ^ a b c d e Cokayne II 1912, p. 210.
  3. ^ "Bolton Hall, Preston-under-Scar". Britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Cokayne II 1912, pp. 210-211.
  5. ^ "Charles Powlett, Duke of Bolton". Family Search: Community Trees. British Isles. Peerage, Baronetage, and Landed Gentry families with extended lineage. Histfam.familysearch.org. Retrieved 21 December 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Cokayne II 1912, p. 211.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Hooke
Thomas Cole
Member of Parliament for Winchester
with John Hooke

1660–1661
Succeeded by
Richard Goddard
Lawrence Hyde
Preceded by
Richard Norton
John Bulkeley
Member of Parliament for Hampshire
with Sir John Norton, Bt

1661–1675
Succeeded by
Sir Francis Rolle
Sir John Norton, Bt
Military offices
Regiment raised Colonel of The Duke of Bolton's Regiment of Foot
1689–1697
Regiment disbanded
Colonel of Henry Holt's Regiment of Foot
1689–1697
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Southampton
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
1667–1675
Succeeded by
Edward Noel
Preceded by
The Earl of Northumberland
Custos Rotulorum of Hampshire
1670–1676
Succeeded by
Lord Annesley
Preceded by
The Duke of Berwick
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
1689–1699
Succeeded by
The Duke of Bolton
Peerage of England
New title Duke of Bolton
1689–1699
Succeeded by
Charles Paulet
Preceded by
John Paulet
Marquess of Winchester
1675–1699