Christian August Vulpius
He was born at Weimar, and was educated at Jena and Erlangen. In 1790, he returned to Weimar, where Goethe obtained employment for him. Here, since 1788, Goethe had been contentedly living quasi-maritally with Vulpius's sister Christiane.
In Weimar, Vulpius began, in imitation of Christian Heinrich Spiess, to write a series of romantic narratives: operas, dramas and tales. Of these (about sixty in number), his Rinaldo Rinaldini, the Robber Captain (1797), is the most notorious. A typical "penny dreadful" of the period, it was often translated and much imitated, but unrivaled in its bad eminence. Its scene was laid in Italy during the Middle Ages. Vulpius was also active as an editor.
In 1797, possibly through Goethe's influence, Vulpius obtained employment at the Weimar library, of which he became chief librarian in 1806. In the latter year, Goethe also formally married Christiane. Christian died at Weimar on 25 June 1827.
There are two filmed works based on Vulpius' most renowned penny-dread:
- Rinaldo Rinaldini (1927 film) 
- Rinaldo Rinaldini, der Räuberhauptmann (TV series with 13 episodes produced in 1968)
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2014)|
- "Vulpius, Christian August". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
- "Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von". New International Encyclopedia. 1906.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Vulpius, Christian August". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.