Cinderford

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Coordinates: 51°49′21″N 2°29′56″W / 51.8225°N 2.4989°W / 51.8225; -2.4989

Cinderford
Miners' Tribute by Antony Dufort - geograph.org.uk - 729497.jpg
Miners' Tribute, by Antony Dufort
Baptist Church, Cinderford, Forest of Dean - geograph.org.uk - 1041508.jpg
Cinderford Baptist Church
Cinderford is located in Gloucestershire
Cinderford
Cinderford
 Cinderford shown within Gloucestershire
Population 8,116 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SO6513
District Forest of Dean
Shire county Gloucestershire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Dialling code 01594
Police Gloucestershire
Fire Gloucestershire
Ambulance Great Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Forest of Dean
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire

Cinderford is a small town on the eastern fringe of the Forest of Dean in Gloucestershire, England. A population of 8,116 people is recorded in the 2001 census.

The town is relatively young, coming into existence in the 19th century, following the rapid expansion of the local iron and coal industries.

A visual clue to Cinderford's origins can be seen in the style and layout of the town; with long rows of identical terraced housing; similar to many found in towns of the South Wales Valleys, that also developed around the coal mining industry. During the decline of the coal industry, in the 1950s and 1960s, Cinderford suffered more than Coleford, the other main town of the Forest, as most of the male population was employed in coal-mining. Today, Cinderford is home to a wide variety of industry, including light and heavy industry.

History[edit]

The name Cinderford, used for a crossing-point, is recorded as early as 1258. The name reflects the site of early ironmaking which created deposits of cinders, sometimes in large mounds.[1]

Following the construction of Cinderford Ironworks in the late 1700s, and the opening of large mines nearby,[2] the town was laid out on a fairly conventional urban plan.[3] In 1841 there were two inns and at least ten beerhouses in and around Cinderford.[4] A new church was consecrated at Cinderford in 1844 and dedicated to St. John the Evangelist.[5] By 1845 Cinderford also had a Baptist church which became by far the largest Baptist meeting in the Forest of Dean.[6] Methodists and Primitive Methodists also had chapels in the area, and there was even an iron building which became known as the Ark, which was registered in 1886 by a group called the Blue Ribbon Gospel Army.[6]

A coke-fired furnace was established in around 1797. It was situated 800 metres north of Cinderford bridge and used coke brought from Broadmoor, to the north, by a short canal. The furnace struggled to compete with iron furnaces elsewhere, and fell idle ten years later.[1] It was revived in 1829 when new works on the old site were established by the Forest of Dean Iron Company, and in 1841 there were three furnaces producing 12,000 tons of iron a year and employing 100 men and boys.[1] Only one furnace at the works was in blast in 1890 and the works closed in 1894.[1]

By the 1840s Cinderford had a number of foundries and small engineering firms supplying the mining industry with machine parts, and it remained a centre for metal industries in the early 20th century.[1]

For many years coal mining was the principal industry in the area. Lightmoor coal mine was being deepened in the late 1830s.[1] Trafalgar colliery which was in production in 1860, was the only large mine in the coalfield run by free miners in the later 19th century.[1] Trafalgar closed in 1925. A deep mine, called Northern United, was began north-west of Cinderford in 1933, but Lightmoor, with a workforce of 600 in 1934, was the main colliery in the Cinderford area until it closed in 1940.[1] There were still many smaller collieries in the Forest of Dean, employing 84.5 per cent of the adult male population in the Cinderford area, until the industry declined in the 1960s.[1]

Iron ore mines were also worked near the town in the 19th century until the closure of the Cinderford ironworks led to the abandonment of Buckshaft and other ore mines near the town in 1899.[1]

Education in Cinderford[edit]

Primary education[edit]

Cinderford has three primary schools, St. White's Primary School based on St. Whites Road, and Forest View Primary School based on Latimer Road. Forest View Primary School is an amalgamation of the Latimer Junior School and the Bilson Infants' School (formerly on Station Street), on the Latimer Road campus of the former. Also the catholic (formerly private) primary school of St Anthony's School.

Secondary education[edit]

Cinderford has a single, relatively small secondary school on Causeway Road, currently called Forest E-ACT Academy but previously known as Heywood Community School. The school existed as Double View Secondary Modern School on a previous campus, on Woodville Road, but moved to the Causeway Road campus, in the early-mid-1970s. Up until 1979 it was split between the two sites, in the mid-1980s it changed its name from Double View to Heywood Community School and in 2012 it became an academy called Forest E_Act Academy.

Tertiary education[edit]

There is no Further Education or Higher Education presence in Cinderford, but a rumoured link with the University of the West of England (UWE) has been suggested as the force behind a planned campus as part of the Northern Arc Re-generation project, to revitalise former brownfield land in the Steam-Mills area, which extends towards Nailbridge from the northern edge of Cinderford.[citation needed]

Cinderford Shopping[edit]

When Woolworth's closed, the town suffered. Other notable shops in Cinderford are The Beales Department Store (now closed), The Co-operative, The Real Deal (which has now extended into the Beales store), Martin McColl, Sue Ryder, Age Concern, Best-One, Premier, Lidl and Ensors (butchers, now closed taken over by Foyles).

Transport in Cinderford[edit]

Cinderford's High Street and Belle Vue Road lie on the A4151, which links with the A48 (Gloucester-Chepstow road) to the east.

In former times, Cinderford had a railway station that was opened by the Severn and Wye Railway and later run by the Great Western Railway and Midland Railway as Cinderford Joint railway station, but this was axed as part of the Beeching cuts of the 1960s.[7]

A new Parkway station to serve the town is proposed for development at Newnham, and would be serviced by trains on the Maesteg-Cheltenham Spa services.[citation needed]

Cinderford is served by a regular bus service to Gloucester and Coleford, the bus station was dismantled in the late 1980s and no longer exists. Details of local bus destinations from Cinderford can be found here.[8]

The closest airports are in Staverton (between Gloucester and Cheltenham), and in Bristol.

Religion in Cinderford[edit]

Church of England[edit]

Cinderford is served by the Benefice of Cinderford with Littledean which consists of 5 churches in 3 Parishes. The Parish of St Stephen's with Bilson Mission covers the central town and northern parts of Cinderford. The Parish of St John the Evangelist covers the south of Cinderford, Ruspidge and Soudley with St Michael's Chapel of Ease in Soudley Village. The Parish of St Ethelbert's Littledean is further down the hill and serves the community there.

The vicar of Benefice of Cinderford with Littledean is Mike Barnsley who has held the post since 4 March 2011.

Freeminer Brewery[edit]

Freeminer Brewery is a brewery based at Steam Mills.[9] It produces of range of traditional ales. The Freeminer name comes from the ancient right to mine coal or iron in the Royal Forest of Dean.

Cinderford sports clubs[edit]

Local gyms in Cinderford[edit]

  • Dolphins Fitness Centre
  • The Forest Fitness Centre: located on the Heywood Leisure Centre site is one of the U.K's largest voluntarily run Gyms, and has volunteers aged from 16 to 60+ years of age, the gym is well known for facilitating for disabled and elderly people as well as being very popular with able bodied users. The Centre is run by Alan Elliot MBE.

Music scene[edit]

Cinderford and its surrounding area is notable for its large number of bands,[citation needed] it is also home to Soundspace a practice space and recording studio on the Heywood Leisure Centre Site.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Forest of Dean: Industry, Victoria County History
  2. ^ Flaxley, Victoria County History
  3. ^ Forest of Dean: Introduction, Victoria County History
  4. ^ Forest of Dean: Social life, Victoria County History
  5. ^ Forest of Dean: Churches, Victoria County History
  6. ^ a b Forest of Dean: Protestant nonconformity, Victoria County History
  7. ^ Pope, Ian; Karau, Paul (1997). The Forest of Dean Branch - Volume 2. Didcot: Wild Swan Publications Ltd. p. 410. ISBN 1-874103-36-4. 
  8. ^ Local bus, coach and rail information for Cinderford
  9. ^ Freeminer Brewery/Co-operative Beers

External links[edit]