|Created by||John Sullivan|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of series||4|
|No. of episodes||30 (List of episodes)|
|Running time||30 minutes|
|Original channel||BBC One|
|Original run||12 April 1977– 31 December 1980|
Citizen Smith is a British television sitcom. The show was written by John Sullivan, who later wrote Only Fools and Horses. The pilot was transmitted on 12 April 1977 in the Comedy Special series of one-off plays, and the series proper ran from 3 November 1977 to 31 December 1980. Citizen Smith starred Robert Lindsay as "Wolfie" Smith, a young Marxist "urban guerrilla" living in Tooting, South London, who is attempting to emulate his hero Che Guevara. 'Wolfie' is a reference to the Irish revolutionary Wolfe Tone who used the pseudonym Citizen Smith in order to evade capture by the British. Wolfie is the self-proclaimed leader of the revolutionary Tooting Popular Front (the TPF, merely a small bunch of his friends), the goals of which are "Power to the People" and "Freedom for Tooting". In reality, he is an unemployed dreamer and petty criminal whose plans fall through because of laziness and disorganisation.
- Robert Lindsay – Walter Henry "Wolfie" Smith
- Mike Grady – Ken Mills
- Cheryl Hall – Shirley Johnson (Series 1 & 2)
- Hilda Braid – Florence Johnson (Shirley’s Mother)
- Artro Morris – Charles Johnson (Shirley’s Father) (Pilot Episode)
- Peter Vaughan – Charlie Johnson (Shirley’s Father) (Series 1 & 2)
- Tony Steedman – Charlie Johnson (Shirley’s Father) (Series 3 & 4 – 1980 Christmas Special)
- Tony Millan – Tucker
- George Sweeney – Speed (Anthony "Speed" King)
- Stephen Greif – Harry Fenning (Series 1–3)
- David Garfield – Ronnie Lynch (Series 4 & 1980 Christmas Special)
- Susie Baker - Mandy Lynch (Series 4 & 1980 Christmas Special)
- Anna Nygh - Desiree (Speed's girlfriend) (Series 1-2)
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2011)|
John Sullivan became a scenery shifter at the BBC because of his desire to write a sitcom outline he had called Citizen Smith; fearing rejection if he sent the idea in, he decided it would be better to get a job, any job, at the BBC, learn more about the business and then meet someone who would actually take notice of his as yet unwritten script. After he approached producer Dennis Main Wilson, the first Citizen Smith script was written. Main Wilson loved the script and saw the potential for a series and it was put into production almost immediately as a Pilot for Comedy Special - a showcase for new talent which had succeeded Comedy Playhouse - under the title Citizen Smith. The pilot was a success, and four series and a Christmas special were produced between 1977 and 1980.
Some sources erroneously name the pilot as "A Roof Over My Head", which was actually the title of the previous week's Comedy Special, written by Barry Took (which also led to a series).
From episode three, "Abide with Me", Wolfie lives, with his religious friend Ken, in a flat in the house of his girlfriend's family - Shirley (played by Cheryl Hall, then Lindsay's wife), her affable but naïve mother, Florence who mistakenly calls Wolfie "Foxy" and her strict, right-wing father, Charlie, who disapproves of Smith's lifestyle and refers to him as a "flaming yeti" or "Chairman Mao". Shirley considers herself engaged to Wolfie on account of a fake crocodile tooth necklace he gave her after she was asked when they would get engaged.
Other regular characters in the series were the other 'urban guerrillas': Tucker, married to the ever pregnant, but never seen June, Speed, the TPF's Warlord, and his girlfriend Desiree, and local gangster publican Harry Fenning (played by Stephen Greif), who refers to Wolfie as "Trotsky". Wolfie and the TPF frequented Harry's pub 'The Vigilante' and were at times menaced by Harry's hired muscle Floyd and Cyril (played by Dana Michie and Barry Hayes), who are referred to by Florence as Mr Fenning's "foster children".
The nearest Wolfie comes to legitimate political office is contesting the Tooting North constituency as the TPF candidate at a televised by-election, but gains only six votes, losing to Conservative candidate David West. He and the gang attempt to kidnap the new MP from a victory celebration only to mistakenly capture Harry Fenning (who was leaving the Conservative Club during the occasion) instead (Episode 6 - "The Hostage").
The opening titles of each episode of series 1 & 2 always began in the same way with Wolfie emerging from Tooting Broadway tube station, then with a shot of Wolfie kicking a can across a bridge until he is in close up, accompanied by a background rendition of the socialist anthem The Red Flag. They always ended with him shouting "Power to the People" in a comedic context, for example, waking a sleeping baby or causing a vehicle to crash. This was altered from Series 3: in place of the shots of Wolfie on the bridge, the other cast members were now credited individually; their names were accompanied with an on-screen clip of them, rather than just the list of names that had been used before, and the reactions to Wolfie's shout were dropped entirely. Series 4 had a new title sequence which began with Tucker's van driving past Tooting Broadway Tube Station with 'The Revolution is Back' painted on it. The rest of the credits were backed by clips from the last episode of series three "The Glorious Day" and Wolfie's shout is heard but not seen. Series two consisted of six episodes, but due to industrial action at the BBC on 22 December 1978, one episode ("Spanish Fly") had to be rescheduled as a Special in August 1979.
"The Glorious Day", which Wolfie had always been plotting, came at the end of the third series, in an episode of the same name, in which the Tooting Popular Front 'liberate' a Scorpion tank and use it to invade the Houses of Parliament, only to find the place empty due to a Parliamentary recess. This episode also came as a joy to all those who loathe garden gnomes. During the TPF's 'annual manoeuvres' on Salisbury Plain, Wolfie, Ken, Tucker and Speed decide to camp down after an evening of heavy drinking, unbeknown to them that they are in the middle of a military live firing area. During the night, the British Army hold an exercise, and the Scorpion is 'abandoned' by its crew after being declared "knocked out" by a "landmine" during a training exercise. Upon discovery by Wolfie and his comrades, Wolfie comes up with his revolutionary plan. Speed states that he learned to drive a Scorpion during his time in the Territorial Army, at which point the lads steal it and drive it back to London.
On return, they hide it in Charlie Johnson's garage. Charlie comes home from work and opens the garage door to park his car. Curious as to the purpose of the Scorpion parked amongst the garden tools, he climbs down inside and accidentally steps on the machine-gun fire button. The result is that their neat garden is raked with heavy machine-gun fire, narrowly missing his wife Florence who is hanging out the washing but with the resultant annihilation of their garden gnomes. This episode also includes a new song from John Sullivan and sung by Robert Lindsay - "We are the TPF. We are the People." Series three consisted of seven episodes.
The series began with Wolfie and company being paroled, a brief flirtation at being pop stars on the back of their 'fame' ended in disaster. While the TPF have been away, a new gangster Ronnie Lynch has usurped Fenning's position in Tooting including his old pub. Wolfie hates him more than he did Fenning and after various run-ins with Lynch (who constantly refers to Wolfie as "Wally"), the series was concluded in the penultimate episode, with Wolfie fleeing Tooting to escape a £6,000 contract put on his head by Ronnie Lynch after Lynch had caught Wolfie in his wife Mandy's bedroom. Closing with a shot mirroring the opening credits, we see Wolfie entering Tooting Broadway Underground Station. Series four consisted of seven episodes and a Christmas Special, "Buon Natale", in which Wolfie and Ken ride to Rimini on Wolfie's Lambretta to visit Shirley for the festive period (she turns out to be absent). This episode was shown after the series officially ended, but is set before the events of the last episode.
- In the penultimate episode, Wolfie's full name was revealed as Walter Henry Smith - W H Smith.
- Wolfie is a Fulham FC supporter (the club John Sullivan supported). He is often seen wearing a Fulham (black and white) scarf. Robert Lindsay is in fact a fan of Derby County (who wear the same colours).
- In the 1977 Christmas special during a scene with Wolfie and Shirl standing next to a Christmas tree on location a short section of "O Tannenbaum" ("Oh Christmas Tree") is heard, which uses the same tune as "The Red Flag".
- In the 1980 Christmas special the Italianate village of Portmeirion in North Wales stood in for Rimini, with other locations in the vicinity used for other parts of their journey across Europe.
- In later episodes, Wolfie rides a battered pale blue 1970-71 model Lambretta GP motor scooter (in earlier episodes, it is seen to be a blue and white Li or TV series model). The registration (as seen in the 1980 Christmas special) is EEA 930J.
- The 1980 Christmas special featured The Beatles song "Here Comes the Sun".
- At times, Tucker is seen to drive a battered light blue Bedford CA and, as in 'Hostage', a white CF van.
- The end title theme was written by John Sullivan and sung by Robert Lindsay and is called "The Glorious Day".
- Series one consisted of eight episodes, one of which was a Christmas special.
The first episode aired on 12 April 1977. This episode was a pilot. Over the next four years a further four series and a Christmas Special would be aired. This would total thirty episodes. The last episode aired on 31 December 1980. There is a mythical episode called "Right to Work" which appears in some inaccurate episode guides, the episode "Working Class Hero" opens with Wolfie involved in a 'Right to Work' protest, this is where the confusion arises from.
The entire series was repeated on BBC One in 1992/1993. The series has also been re-run on satellite channels UKGold/UKTV Drama, and was running on Gold though one episode has never been repeated - 'A Story For Christmas' from 1977. All the episodes have been released on DVD in either the first or second boxset. John Sullivan wrote all of the episodes and all episodes starred Robert Lindsay as Wolfie.
Citizen Smith, a novelisation of the first series written by Christopher Kenworthy, was published by Universal books, London in 1978. (192 pages for 75p).
Playback has released two DVD volumes of Citizen Smith each with two series. Series one and two were released in 2003 (this did include the Pilot.) followed by series three and four in 2003. However, due to contractual reasons some soundtrack re-edits have been made to replace Beatles music tracks with stock music in a few episodes. Only two episodes have actually been cut, "Changes" - Tucker & Wolfie miming to the Beatles tracks "Till There Was You" (and Tuckers line "I think they like us.") and "Help!" have been cut from the Tucker serenading June scene, and "Prisoners" - a short scene of Wolfie singing along to the Beatles track "She Loves You", which comes in between the shot of Speed throwing stones at Wolfie's window and the shot of the window breaking, has also been cut.
Cinema Club have bought the rights to the series and are re-releasing all four series in a complete collection boxed set by 2015.
|The Complete Series 1 & 2 (3 discs)||3 March 2003|
|The Complete Series 3 & 4 (3 discs)||2 June 2003|
|The Complete Series 1 to 4 (6 discs)||TBA 2015|
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (May 2009)|
- Steve Clark The Only Fools and Horses Story, pp26–28, ISBN 0-563-38445-X, first published 1998,
- Mark Lewisohn Radio Times Guide to TV Comedy, (A Roof Over My Head, p172, 658.) ISBN 0-563-48755-0, reprinted 2003.
- Universal/Playback DVD Series 1/2 and Series 3/4. 2003.
- Satellite TV channel Gold.2009.
- Radio Times (1977–1980 and 1992/93)
- Trash Fiction website (review of Citizen Smith novel)
- Citizen Smith at BBC Programmes
- Citizen Smith at BBC Online Comedy Guide
- Citizen Smith at the BFI's Screenonline
- Citizen Smith at the Internet Movie Database
- Citizen Smith at the British Comedy Guide
- Citizen Smith at British TV Resources