Here Comes the Sun
|"Here Comes the Sun"|
Cover to Japanese single
|Single by The Beatles|
|from the album Abbey Road|
|Released||26 September 1969 (album)
5 June 1970 (Japan single)
|Recorded||7 July – 19 August 1969|
|Genre||Folk rock, pop rock|
"Here Comes the Sun" is one of Harrison's best-known Beatles contributions alongside "Something" and "While My Guitar Gently Weeps". The year 1969 was a difficult one for Harrison: he had quit the band temporarily, he was arrested for marijuana possession, and he had his tonsils removed.
Harrison stated in his autobiography:
"Here Comes the Sun" was written at the time when Apple was getting like school, where we had to go and be businessmen: 'Sign this' and 'sign that'. Anyway, it seems as if winter in England goes on forever, by the time spring comes you really deserve it. So one day I decided I was going to sag off Apple and I went over to Eric Clapton's house. The relief of not having to go see all those dopey accountants was wonderful, and I walked around the garden with one of Eric's acoustic guitars and wrote "Here Comes the Sun".
As Clapton states in his autobiography, the house in question is known as "Hurtwood".
Musical structure 
The song is in the key of A Major. The refrain uses a IV (D chord) to V-of-V (B chord) progression (the reverse of that used in "Eight Days a Week" and "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band"). The melody in the verse and refrain basically follows the pentatonic scale from E up to C♯ (scale steps 5, 6, 1, 2, 3).
One feature is the increasing syncopation in the vocal parts. Another feature is the guitar flat-picking that embellishes the E7 (V7) chord from 2:03 to 2:11, creating tension for resolution on the tonic A chord at "Little darlin' ". The bridge involves a ♭III-♭VII-IV-I-V7 triple descending 4th (or Tri-Plagal) progression (with an extra V7) as the vocals move from "Sun" (♭III or C chord) to "sun" (♭VII or G chord) to "sun" (IV or D chord) to "comes" (I or A chord) and the additional 4th descent to a V7 (E7) chord. The lyric here ("Sun, sun, sun, here it comes") has been described as taking "on the quality of a meditator's mantra". The song also features extreme 4/4 (in the verse) and 7/8 with 11/8 (in the bridge) phrasing interludes which Harrison drew from Indian music influences. In the second verse (0:59–1:13) the Moog synthesizer doubles the solo guitar line and in the third verse the Moog adds an obligato line an octave above. The last four bars (2:54–3:04) juxtapose the guitar break with a rehearing of the bridge.
Harrison, Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr recorded the rhythm track in 13 takes on 7 July 1969. John Lennon did not contribute to the song as he was recovering from a car crash. Towards the end of the session Harrison spent an hour re-recording his acoustic guitar part. He capoed his guitar on the 7th fret, resulting in the final key of A major (in fact, slightly above A major due to the track being varispeeded by less than a semitone). He also used the same technique on his 1965 song "If I Needed Someone", which shares a similar melodic pattern. The following day he taped his lead vocals, and he and McCartney recorded their backing vocals twice to give a fuller sound.
A harmonium and handclaps were added on 16 July. Harrison added an electric guitar run through a Leslie speaker on 6 August, and the orchestral parts (Martin's score for two piccolos, two flutes, two alto flutes and two clarinets) were added on 15 August. "Here Comes the Sun" was completed four days later with the addition of Harrison's Moog synthesizer part.
The master tapes reveal that Harrison recorded a guitar solo that was not included in the final mix.
Voyager proposal 
Astronomer and science popularizer Carl Sagan had wanted the song to be included on the Voyager Golden Record, copies of which were attached to both spacecraft of the Voyager program to provide any entity that recovered them a representative sample of human civilization. Although the Beatles favoured the idea, EMI refused to release the rights and when the probes were launched in 1977 the song was not included.
- George Harrison – lead and backing vocals, acoustic and electric guitars, Moog synthesizer, handclaps
- Paul McCartney – backing vocal, bass, handclaps
- Ringo Starr – drums, handclaps
- Uncredited – four violas, four cellos, double bass, two piccolos, two flutes, two alto flutes, two clarinets
Cover versions 
The song was covered by Peter Tosh in 1970 and released as a single, though was not widely available until its inclusion on Can't Blame the Youth in 2004. In 1971, Harrison performed the song during The Concert for Bangladesh. American folk singer Richie Havens saw his 1971 version reach number 16 in the US. The most successful UK cover was by Steve Harley, who reached number 10 with the song in 1976. On their 1994 debut album, Who Is, This Is?, ska-punk band Voodoo Glow Skulls recorded a version of the song. Swedish metal band Ghost also featured a cover on the Japanese edition of their debut album Opus Eponymous. We Five released a version on their 1970 album, Catch the Wind. Nina Simone recorded "Here Comes the Sun" as the title track to her 1971 cover album. Sheryl Crow covered "Here Comes the Sun" for the 2007 DreamWorks Animation film Bee Movie. Singer-songwriter and American Idol finalist Brooke White sang the song during the Top 11 week, also known as Beatles Week 2.0, in 2008. In 2012, Gary Barlow recorded a version to be used in an advertising campaign for the British retail firm Marks & Spencer, later making his album Sing. Also in 2012, Malaysian singer-songwriter Yuna covered the song for the Oliver Stone's film Savages.
The song is also played in the film Everest.
While The Beatles never released "Here Comes the Sun" as a single (thus preventing it from entering the charts), new rules that were implemented to the UK Singles Chart in 2007 allowed any song (with or without a physical equivalent) to enter the charts based on download sales. This allowed several songs recorded by the Beatles to list on the charts when their back catalog became available for download on iTunes in 2010, including "Here Comes the Sun," which peaked at No. 58 on 27 November 2010.
- Harrison, George. I Me Mine (1980) p. 144
- Pollack, Alan. "Notes on 'Here Comes the Sun'". Accessed 14 February 2012.
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- Pedler, Dominic (2003). The Songwriting Secrets of the Beatles. New York: Music Sales Limited/Omnibus Press. p.10.
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- Sagan et al. 1978.
- "Richie Havens – Chart history". Billboard charts. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
- Alan Clayson, George Harrison, Sanctuary (London, 2003), p. 285.
- Voodoo Glow Skulls, "Who Is, This Is?"
- We Five, Catch the Wind Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- "Here Comes the Sun - Nina Simone". AllMusic. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
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- Sagan, Carl; Drake, Frank D.; Lomberg, Jon; Sagan, Linda Salzman; Druyan, Ann; Ferris, Timothy (1978). Murmurs of Earth: The Voyager Interstellar Record. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-394-41047-5.