Clayton (village), New York
|Clayton, New York|
|• Total||2.6 sq mi (6.6 km2)|
|• Land||1.6 sq mi (4.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)|
|Elevation||276 ft (84 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0946809|
The Village of Clayton is on the northern edge of the town and is north of Watertown,
Clayton is the home of the Antique Boat Museum and Clayton Opera House. The village is a year-round community, but is a summer resort, offering galleries, boutiques and quality services to summer visitors.
The community was formerly called "French Creek" and "Cornelia." By 1853, the population of the village was 426.
Clayton incorporated as a village, by vote of its citizens, in 1872.
The arrival of the railroad in 1873 marked a major turning point in the local tourist industry.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.6 km²), of which, 1.6 square miles (4.2 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.4 km²) of it (36.72%) is water.
Clayton is located on the south bank of the St. Lawrence River. To the west is French Creek Bay where French Creek enters the St. Lawrence. Opposite the village in the St. Lawrence is Grindstone Island, one of the large islands of the Thousand Islands.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,821 people, 828 households, and 492 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,123.8 people per square mile (434.0/km²). There were 1,049 housing units at an average density of 647.4 per square mile (250.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 95.83% White, 1.26% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 0.77% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.14% of the population.
There were 828 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.5% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.85.
In the village the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 82.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.8 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $31,354, and the median income for a family was $42,208. Males had a median income of $31,094 versus $28,375 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,247. About 6.3% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.
Clayton is accessible by automobile via New York State Route 12, which turns east from its northward course in the village. The northern terminus of Route 12E is in the same location. From Interstate 81, it can be reached by taking Exit 50S to Route 12.
Beginning in 1873, the village was served by the Clayton Division of the Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg Railroad (RW&O), which later became a part of the New York Central network. At its peak, twelve trains per day ran up from locations such as New York City and Boston to bring passengers and freight to Clayton's ferry terminal, which was the gateway to the Thousand Islands region. Facilities included a train yard and locomotive shed. Passenger service ceased in 1951; freight service continued until 1972, after which the tracks were torn out. The station and ferry terminal was converted into Frink Park, a public venue for performances and mooring for visiting ships, while the rail yards were incorporated into the property of the Frink-America snowplow factory, which has since closed and been converted into public space pending redevelopment.