Clover Moore

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Right Honourable Lord Mayor of Sydney
Clover Moore
Clover Moore in May 2012.jpg
81st Lord Mayor of Sydney
Incumbent
Assumed office
27 March 2004
Preceded by Lucy Turnbull
Member of the New South Wales Parliament
for Sydney
In office
24 March 2007 – 20 September 2012
Preceded by New district
Succeeded by Alex Greenwich
Majority 4.0%
Member of the New South Wales Parliament
for Bligh
In office
19 March 1988 – 24 March 2007
Preceded by Michael Yabsley
Succeeded by District abolished
Personal details
Born (1945-10-22) 22 October 1945 (age 68)
Gordon, Australia
Nationality Australian
Political party Independent
Spouse(s) Peter Moore
Alma mater University of Sydney

Clover Moore (born Clover Collins, 22 October 1945) is an Australian politician. She has been the Lord Mayor of the City of Sydney since 2004. She was an independent member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1988 to 2012, representing the electorates of Bligh (1988–2007) and Sydney (2007–2012).[1] Moore is the first popularly elected female Lord Mayor of Sydney.

Moore resigned as a state MP as a result of new state laws (labelled in the media as the "Get Clover" laws) preventing dual membership of state parliament and local councils. Following her re-election as mayor in the 2012 elections, she was forced to resign the state seat she held for 24 years before the first meeting of the new council. This resulted in a 2012 Sydney by-election on 27 October in which she endorsed independent candidate Alex Greenwich of the Australian Marriage Equality who won in a landslide victory.[2]

Biography[edit]

Clover Collins (born 1945),[3] grew up in the suburb of Gordon, on Sydney's North Shore. She attended Loreto Kirribilli at Kirribilli, before going on to study teaching at Sydney University. While at university, she married Peter Moore, an architect. After graduating from university, the pair moved to London, United Kingdom for five years, settling in the inner city suburb of Redfern on their return. She was elected to the South Sydney Council in 1980.[4]

Member of Parliament, 1988 - 2012[edit]

The following year, the government amalgamated the City of Sydney and South Sydney Councils, and Moore switched to the Sydney City Council. Moore developed a visible profile in the community, campaigning on a variety of issues both in her position as councillor and in the broader community. In late 1987, Moore was the favourite to become the city's first female Lord Mayor and defeat incumbent Doug Sutherland. However, the state government abruptly sacked the council and called in commissioners to run it. Moore decided to take the opportunity to run for the Legislative Assembly as an independent at the 1988 election. Despite not having the backing of a party, she won the seat of Bligh, narrowly defeating Liberal member Michael Yabsley.[4]

Clover Moore's electorate office in 2010

In 1991 she co-authored the New South Wales Charter of Reform of Government. In the same year, she was re-elected for a second term with a massive swing in her favour, increasing her share from 26.7 per cent to 43 per cent. Her power also increased dramatically when, along with fellow independents Peter Macdonald and Tony Windsor, she gained the balance of power in the Legislative Assembly.[5] Moore was to again take the spotlight when the Independent Commission Against Corruption handed down a finding that was sharply critical of Liberal Premier Nick Greiner on 1 June 1992. While the findings were still pending a ruling in the NSW Court of Appeals, Moore and two other Independent MPs made a symbolic march to the NSW Parliament with a threat to withdraw their support of the coalition's minority-government. Hence before the Court ruling was handed down, Greiner's hand was forced, and he resigned on 24 June 1992.[4]

She went on to hold her seat with a largely safe margin at the 1995 and 1999 elections. The gay community thanked her for her support by featuring likenesses of her in the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras parade that year. She was re-elected again in 2003.

Prior to the 2007 election, the Electoral Commission redistributed electoral boundaries, renaming Bligh to "Sydney", and moving the seat north and west to encompass the Sydney CBD. Moore was elected to the new seat of Sydney with an increased margin.[citation needed]

Although she is an independent, she and the Australian Democrats have found common ground on several issues with the Democrats sponsoring some of her bills in the upper house and she encouraged voters at the 2011 state election to vote for them in the upper house, (along with John Hatton).[6]

Lord Mayor, 2004 - present[edit]

In early 2004, the Australian Labor Party government, under Bob Carr, sacked and re-amalgamated the City of Sydney and South Sydney Councils. The move came largely as a surprise, with then-Lord Mayor Lucy Turnbull (the wife of Liberal Malcolm Turnbull) being notified by a fax posted under her door. The decision to amalgamate the two councils was widely interpreted by the media as an attempt to get the Labor candidate, former federal minister Michael Lee, elected as Lord Mayor, as it would bring a large area of largely Labor-voting suburbs into the City of Sydney. However, several of these suburbs also made up Moore's state electorate of Bligh.

When Turnbull announced soon after that she would not seek re-election, Lee appeared to have the position won. Then, on 24 February, Moore entered the race, labelling the council's sacking a "cynical grab for power" and sharply condemning the sacking of a democratically elected mayor, despite her ideological differences with Turnbull. By the following day, The Sydney Morning Herald was already predicting that she would present a serious challenge to Lee.[7]

Despite a spirited challenge from Lee, who was supported by much of the business community which had concerns about Moore's anti-development stance, Moore won. She finished with more than double the vote of her nearest rival, Lee, and ABC election analyst Antony Green announced that she would "romp through" to win, only 90 minutes after counting began.[7]

Though she had made a point of not directing voting preferences in her four election campaigns in the Legislative Assembly, Moore decided to support a team of independents for the council race. This turned out to be quite successful, with four of her team of six - John McInerney, Robyn Kemmis, Marcelle Hoff and Phillip Black - being elected to council.

At the local government elections held on 13 September 2008 Moore was re-elected as Lord Mayor of Sydney.[8]

After introducing bike lanes through many parts of inner Sydney, Moore broke an ankle on Ride to Work Day in October 2010, while dismounting from her bike, necessitating that she attend some events in a wheelchair.[9]

Parliamentary and legislative[edit]

Moore established the Lord Mayor Clover Moore MP Salary Trust to donate her fees to help the City's most disadvantaged people and promote animal welfare. As at October 2014, the Trust had donated $1,230,000.00 to inner city charities.

In 2006 Moore's Private Member's Bill to force public disclosure of Government contracts with the private sector was approved by both houses of Parliament.

Energy efficiency[edit]

Under Moore's leadership, the city of Sydney is aiming to reduce carbon emissions 70 per cent by 2030. It has installed bicycle lanes; upgraded its car fleet to hybrids; planted 10,000 trees; provided 600 on-street car-share spaces; installed Sydney's largest building-based solar photovoltaic system; installed water harvesting in 11 major parks and voted to install two new trigeneration plants.[10]

Building and infrastructure[edit]

Since becoming Mayor, Moore has been able to bring to completion the construction of several buildings and pieces of infrastructure.[11]

There are also:

Controversies[edit]

On 27 October 2007 Moore proposed a Private Members Bill that would ban the sale of dogs, cats and other mammals in NSW pet stores, and effectively ban the breeding of crossbred dogs. The Pet Industry Association responded with a petition opposing the legislation.[15] The RSPCA Australia has given its support to the measure, although it was rejected by NSW purebred dog breeders.[16] Bike lanes constructed through Sydney angered many local residents for reducing parking and critics attacked the cost while other groups, including local headmasters and school groups, applauded them. The Bourke Street Cycleway won a Sydney Design Award in 2012.[17][18][19]

The "City of Sydney Amendment (Elections) Amendment Bill", known colloquially as the Elephant Shooter's Bill, became law in September 2014, creating controversy for being undemocratic - it replaced one optional vote per business with two compulsory votes and is one of "two statutes designed to bar her from public life".[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State Electoral District - Sydney Results 2007". New South Wales Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 30 August 2007. Retrieved 11 September 2007. 
  2. ^ McNeilage, Amy (9 September 2012). "Sydney still progressive despite Greens' poor showing, Clover Moore says". smh.com.au. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ a b c "A very public life". The Sydney Morning Herald. 6 March 2004. Retrieved 11 September 2007. 
  5. ^ "Ms Clover Moore, MP". Members of Parliament. Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  6. ^ http://www.clovermoore.com.au/voting-for-the-legislative-council/
  7. ^ a b "Clover Moore tips the odds". The Sydney Morning Herald. 25 February 2004. Retrieved 11 September 2007. 
  8. ^ Gilmore, Heath; Carty, Lisa (14 September 2008). "Moore returned with 2030 vision". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 14 September 2008. 
  9. ^ http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/news/sydney-news/clover-moore-is-a-cycling-statistic/story-e6freuzi-1225941958280
  10. ^ a b Elizabeth Farrelly (16 October 2014). "Ill-judged politics underlies Clover attacks". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  11. ^ Farrelly, Elizabeth (3 November 2011). "One Moore job to seal the legacy". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  12. ^ Image on architects' website
  13. ^ Image on architects' website
  14. ^ Landscape Architects' website
  15. ^ "Thousands protest pet sale ban". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 29 November 2007. 
  16. ^ Dogs NSW - News http://www.dogsnsw.org.au/news |url= missing title (help). Retrieved[dead link].  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  17. ^ Bourke Street Cycleway 2012 Sydney Design Awards
  18. ^ "Cyclists Ignore 76 million dollar Cycleway network". Daily Telegraph (News Ltd). 29 November 2007. 
  19. ^ http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/news/sydney-news/sydneys-cyclists-ignore-their-76-million-cycleway-network/story-e6freuzi-1226117740032. Retrieved October 2010.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]

Parliament of New South Wales
Preceded by
Michael Yabsley
Member for Bligh
1988–2007
District abolished
New district Member for Sydney
2007–2012
Succeeded by
Alex Greenwich
Civic offices
Preceded by
Lucy Turnbull
Lord Mayor of Sydney
2004–present
Incumbent