Coalman Glacier

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This article is about the glacier on Mount Hood. For the glacier on Mount Baker, see Coleman Glacier (Washington).
Coalman Glacier
Mt.HoodJune20.jpg
Bergschrund on Coalman Glacier
Map showing the location of Coalman Glacier
Map showing the location of Coalman Glacier
Coalman Glacier
Clackamas / Hood River counties, Oregon, USA
Type Mountain glacier
Coordinates 45°22′19″N 121°41′54″W / 45.37194°N 121.69833°W / 45.37194; -121.69833Coordinates: 45°22′19″N 121°41′54″W / 45.37194°N 121.69833°W / 45.37194; -121.69833[1]
Area 20 acres (8.1 ha)
Terminus Talus
Status Retreating

The Coalman Glacier (also Coleman Glacier) is a glacier located on the upper slopes of Mount Hood in the U.S. state of Oregon. It is the mountain's highest glacier ranging from about 11,200 to 10,500 ft (3,400 to 3,200 m), located within the crater rim, southwest of the peak.[2] It was named for Elija Coalman[3] (variously spelled Elijah Coleman[4]), an early mountain guide who climbed Mount Hood 586 times.[5]

A group of climbers from The Mazamas ascend Mount Hood's Hogsback summer 1963

Coalman Glacier is the second most frequently visited glacier on the mountain because it is part of the popular South Climbing route from Timberline Lodge. It lies entirely within Mount Hood Wilderness. The most well known feature of Coalman is the Hogsback: a snow ridge running southwest to northeast from Crater Rock toward the summit ridge. The Bergschrund is another widely known feature where the glacier pulls away from the headwall leaving a large crevasse. In 2007, it had become large enough to cause most climbers to use another route.[6]

The glacier is a remnant of the massive glaciers that formed during the last ice age. It is historically known to change configuration dramatically, at times a gradual, smooth surface to Hot Rocks; at other times the same place has a 40 ft (12 m) ice cliff.[3]

The glacier flows southwest, and is bounded on the north and east by the summit, on the northwest by the rocky crater wall known as Castle Crags (also Hawkins Cliffs), on the west by Hot Rocks, and on southeast by the back side of Steel Cliff.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Coalman Glacier". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 
  2. ^ TopoQwest (United States Geological Survey Maps). Mount Hood South, OR (Map). http://www.topoquest.com/map.php?lat=45.37206&lon=-121.69841&datum=nad83&zoom=4. Retrieved 2012-08-05.
  3. ^ a b Jack Grauer (July 1975). Mount Hood: A Complete History. self published. p. 291. ISBN 0-930584-01-5. 
  4. ^ Thomas P. Deering, Jr. (July 2, 2004) [1986]. "Mountain Architecture: An Alternative Design Proposal for the Wy'East Day Lodge, Mount Hood Oregon". Retrieved 2007-08-16. 
  5. ^ "1910: Famous Early Mount Hood Climber". Gorge.net. Archived from the original on July 7, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-16.  citing "Legacy". Hood River News. 
  6. ^ Previous noticed posted at "Mount Hood Climbing Report, May 17th". United States Forest Service. Retrieved 2007-05-17.