Cocos Island (Guam)
Cocos Island (Chamorro: Islan Dåno) is an island 1 mile (1.6 km) off the southern tip of the United States territory of Guam, located within the Merizo Barrier Reef, part of the municipality of Merizo. The island is uninhabited, 1,600 meters (5,200 ft) long in a southwest-northeast direction, but only between 200 m (660 ft) and 300 m (980 ft) wide, and has an area of 386,303 m2 (95.46 acres). It sits atop the southwestern coral reef rim of Cocos Lagoon.
The west coast of the island is a resort hotel complex. The east side is public land part of the Territorial Park System. Ferries run to Merizo, Guam.
A Coast Guard long-range navigation station operated on Cocos Island from 1944-1963.
Military tests on soil from Cocos Island in late 2005 showed levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) contamination 4,900 times higher than the federally recommended level. Tests on twelve species of fish in the lagoon showed all but one of those species had high levels of PCBs. One had 265 times the acceptable level. The contamination most likely originated from transformers and other electrical equipment at the Coast Guard station, but was not tested for earlier.
Officials from the Guam Environmental Protection Agency, Guam Department of Public Health and Social Services, and the Coast Guard announced their findings on 20 February 2006 and warned people not to eat fish caught in the lagoon.
- Pacific Daily News article
- Bendure, G. & Friary, N. (1988) Micronesia:A travel survival kit. South Yarra, VIC: Lonely Planet.
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