|— City —|
|• Total||0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)|
|• Land||0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||459 ft (140 m)|
|• Density||558.6/sq mi (215.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0489887|
 Proposed US capital
During the presidency of Thomas Jefferson, a fire in Washington, D.C. prompted Jefferson to propose that the U.S. capital be moved to the more centrally-located city of Columbus. The proposal failed in the Senate by a single vote.
Local tradition holds that Columbus was considered as the location for the national capital. However, when controversy arose about the placement of the capital in 1789 and again in 1812, Columbus did not exist as a town. Congress again raised the subject in 1846 and 1869, but Congressional records do not mention Columbus. Owing to the significant size of the Columbia plot, someone had ambition for Columbus. Whether or not it was considered as the national capital may never be known.
 Civil War
Columbus's most notable moment in American history occurred in September 1861, during the Civil War, when it was seized by Confederate forces. A large anchor chain was stretched from one side of the Mississippi River to Belmont. Columbus-Belmont State Park commemorates the events that ensued. The "Shreveport Rebels" from Shreveport, Louisiana, were among the Confederates who fought at Columbus. Shreveport remained a Confederate stronghold throughout the war, and the inhabitants there were able to raise money to support the troops fighting elsewhere.
 Later history
In 1928, a flood deluged the city. The restored Columbus is located above the bluff. Some of the original houses were saved and moved inland.
Columbus is located at .(36.760176, -89.102840)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 229 people, 95 households, and 60 families residing in the city. The population density was 558.6 people per square mile (215.7/km²). There were 110 housing units at an average density of 268.3 per square mile (103.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.29% White, 17.90% Black or African American, 2.18% from other races, and 2.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.80% of the population.
There were 95 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 13.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,313, and the median income for a family was $29,844. Males had a median income of $21,667 versus $14,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,766. About 5.1% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under the age of eighteen and 8.3% of those sixty five or over.
- Bailey, Bill (1995). "Columbus-Belmont State Park". Kentucky State Parks. Saginaw, Michigan: Glovebox Guidebooks of America. ISBN 1-881139-13-1.
- John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963, ISBN 0-8071-0834-0, p. 42
- "The History of Columbus, Kentucky". The Historical Marker Database. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.