Competitive examination

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A competitive examination is an examination where candidates are ranked according to their grades. If the examination is open for n positions, then the first n candidates in ranks pass, the others are rejected.

They are used as entrance examination for university and college admissions or to secondary schools. Another type are civil service examinations, required for positions in the public sector. Other examples are the U.S. Foreign Service Exam and the United Nations Competitive Examination.

Competitive examinations are considered an egalitarian way of choosing worthy applicants without risking influence peddling, favoritism or other concerns.