Corrado Giaquinto (18 February 1703 – 1765) was an Italian Rococo painter.
Early training and move to Rome
He was born in Molfetta. As a boy he apprenticed with a modest local painter Saverio Porta, (c1667–1725), escaping the religious career his parents had intended for him. By October 1724, he left Molfetta, and along with his contemporaries Francesco de Mura (1696–1784) and Giuseppe Bonito (1707–1789), he trained from 1719–23 in the prolific Neapolitan studio of Francesco Solimena, either with Solimena or his pupil, Nicola Maria Rossi. Giaquinto followed a peripatetic career, with long sojourns in Naples, Rome (between 1723–53), Turin (1733 and 1735–39), and Madrid (1753–1761).
In 1723, he moved to Rome to work in the studio of Sebastiano Conca. He painted in San Lorenzo in Damaso, San Giovanni Calibita, and the ceiling at Santa Croce in Gerusalemme. In March 1727, with Giuseppe Rossi as an assistant, Giaquinto opened an independent studio near the Ponte Sisto, in the parish of Saint Giovanni of the Malva in Rome. In 1734, he married Caterina Silvestri Agate.
The first documented work by his hand is Christ crucified with the Madonna, Saint John Evangelist, and Magdalene commissioned in 1730 by king John V of Portugal for the cathedral of the Mafra. In 1731, he received a prestigious commission, to execute frescoes in the church of San Nicola dei Lorenesi: Saint Nicholas water gush from cliff, three theologic and cardinal Virtues, and in the cupola Paradise. The latest restoration confirms Giaquinto's stylistic independence from Solimena, and reveals his stylistic dependence on Luca Giordano.
In 1733, the architect and artistic director for the House of Savoy, Filippo Juvarra, invited Giaquinto to come to Turin, where he painted an altarpiece of Saint John Nepomuk. He then decorated the ceiling of a Villa della Regina with a Triumph of the House of Savoy, Death of Adonis and Apollo & Daphne, and Story of Aenid. Giaquinto returned briefly to Rome in 1735, where his wife died soon after childbirth. He then returned for the next three years, to complete frescoes for the chapel of St Joseph in the church of Santa Teresa in Turin; they depict events in the life and death of Saint Joseph, including his Assumption and Rest in Egypt.
In 1738 Giaquinto returned to Rome, and during the next year he executed in fresco an Assumption of the Virgin for the church of Rocca di Papa, a commission for a relative of Pope Alexander VIII Ottoboni. In 1740, Giaquinto became a member of the Academy of Saint Luke and donated his sketch of Immaculate Conception with Elias the prophet for the Turinese church of the Carmine, a canvas commissioned by marquis Giuseppe Turinetti di Priero, which finally reached Turin in 1741. A report of 1742 states that Pope Benedict XIV "was taken to the church of San Giovanni Calabita ... where he observed with much pleasure the restoration of that Church embellished with altapieces from the Painter Signor Corrado Napolitano.
In Madrid, he was patronized by Ferdinand VI, and was ultimately appointed director of the Academy of San Fernando. His influence there was felt by painters such as González Velázquez, José del Castillo, and Mariano Salvador Maella.
He is described by some as an Italian François Boucher.
List of works
- Tobias and the Angel (c. 1740)
- Triumph of Galatea (ca. 1752), Milwaukee Art Museum, Wisconsin
- Portrait of Farinelli (1753)
- Allegory of the Peace and of the Justice (1753-1754)
- The Birth of the Sun and the Trimph of Bacchus (1762), Museo del Prado, Madrid
- Portrait of Carlo Broschi
- A Sorceress
- Triumph of the House of Savoy - destroyed during World War II
- Death of Adonis
- Apollo and Daphne
- Story of Aeneid
- Allegory of the Arts with Apollo and the Graces, size: 48.3 x 64.3 cm
- Adoration of the Magi, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
- Rest on the Flight to Egypt, Louvre, Paris
- Autumn and Winter, Nation Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
- Battle of Clavijo - The legendary battle of Clavijo in which the Asturian king Ramiro I defeated the Muslims
- Marriage of the Virgin, Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena, California
- Apotheosis of a Saint
- Apotheosis of the Spanish Monarch, National Gallery, London
- Venus Presenting Arms to Aeneas, Bowes Museum, County Durham, England
- The Apotheosis of Saint Nicola Lorense
- Saint Nicholas of Bari, Bishop, Musée Fetsch, Ajaccio
- Immaculate Conception, Ashmolean, Museum, Oxford
- De Dominici, Bernardo (1846). Vite dei Pittori, Scultori, ed Architetti Napoletani, Tomo Quarto (Volume 4). Dalla Tipografia Trani, Naples; Digitized by Googlebooks. p. 625.
- The Triumph of the House of Savoy was destroyed during World War II
- Wittkower, Rudolf (1993). "14". Pelican History of Art, Art and Architecture Italy, 1600–1750. 1980. Penguin Books Ltd. p. 465.
- Urrea, Jesús (1977). La pintura italiana del siglo XVIII en España. Universidad de Valladolid.
- Italian Wikipedia entry
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