Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
Emblem of the Spanish Royal Academy of Fine Arts.svg
Established 1744
Type Public
Location Madrid, Spain
Website http://www.realacademiabellasartessanfernando.com/
Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
Native name
Spanish: Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
Palacio de Goyeneche - Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando.jpg
Location Madrid, Spain
Official name: Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando
Type Non-movable
Criteria Monument
Designated 1971[1]
Reference No. RI-51-0003855

The Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando), located on the Calle de Alcalá in the heart of Madrid, currently functions as a museum and gallery.

The academy was established by royal decree in 1744. About twenty years later, the enlightened monarch, Charles III purchased a palace in Madrid as the academy's new home. The building had been designed by José Benito de Churriguera for the Goyeneche family. The king commissioned Diego de Villanueva to convert the building for academic use, employing a neoclassical style[2] in place of Churriguera's baroque design.

Doubling as a museum and gallery, today it houses a fine art collection of paintings from the 15th to 20th century: Arcimboldo, Giovanni Bellini, Correggio, Rubens, Zurbarán, Murillo, Goya, Juan Gris, Pablo Serrano, among others. The academy is also the headquarters of the Madrid Academy of Art.

Francisco Goya was once one of the academy's directors, and, its alumni include Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí, Antonio López García, Juan Luna, and Fernando Botero.[3][4]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°25′05″N 3°42′01″W / 40.41806°N 3.70028°W / 40.41806; -3.70028