Cristal baschet

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Ensemble Hope. F. Bousquet M.A. Millon
The cristal baschet

The "Cristal Baschet" is an acoustic musical instrument, of the category known as friction idiophones. Vibration of its individual elements produces musical tones by means of friction. These vibrating elements are metal rods embedded onto a heavy plate. The pitch of the sound tone is determined by the rod's length and weight position at the equilibrium point. The vibration is caused when an attached glass rod is gently stroked with wet fingers.

The vibration of the rod with great amplitude and weak pressure is transmitted on to the metal fitting. There is then a transformation of the shape of the wave; the vibration propagating through the metal in the form of hard pressure and very weak amplitude. Amplification is the result of fiberglass cones which are fixed in a wood frame alongside a tall cut out metal part in the shape of a flame. "Whiskers," placed on the side of the instrument, amplify high-pitched sounds. The Cristal Baschet is also known as the Crystal Organ and the Crystal Baschet. Actually the range of a concert Cristal is 5 octaves. The sound of the Cristal has nothing to do with the glass harmonica. The Cristal Baschet was created in 1952 by the French instrument makers and artists Bernard and Francois Baschet. The Baschet brothers specialize in creating sculptures that can be "played" to produce music. They invented the inflatable guitar, an aluminum piano, and then created an "educational instrumentarium" for giving young people exposure in musical concepts.

The Cristal Baschet was developed around the same time as musique concrète (Avant-Garde musical style introduced by Pierre Schaeffer and Pierre Henry), Electro-Acoustic music and early Moog synthesizers. The Cristal Baschet produces music similar in style to these other musical forms, but through purely acoustic means; no electrical amplification is involved.

Baschet bass cristal

Repertoire[edit]

The Cristal Baschet has been used for several different applications, such as Ballet music,Songs, Film and Theater-music, Jazz, Rock, Electronic music, Improvisation, Tales and Contemporary[clarification needed] music.

Composers who have used the Cristal Baschet include François Bayle, Thomas Bloch,[1] Michel Deneuve, Luc Ferrari, Cliff Martinez, Jean-Michel Jarre, Guy Reibel, Etienne Rolin, Mike Sheridan, Toru Takemitsu, Michel Redolfi and Daft Punk ("Motherboard" in "Random Access Memories").[1][citation needed] Recent compositions via the instrument have been written by Sir Roger Steptoe, Horatiu Radulescu, Bruno Giner, Eric Fisher, Emmanuel Séjourné, Alain Voirpy, Alain Labarsouque, Jean-Michel Hasler, Jean Philippe Calvin, Frederic Bousquet and Marc Antoine Millon.

In United Kingdom, the most familiar musical piece to be played with the Cristal Baschet is 'Maneche', composed by Jacques Lasry, which has been used for over twenty years as the opening theme to the Granada Television children's programme Picture Box.

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Video[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Thomas Bloch uses cristal baschet". Retrieved 11 September 2104.