||This article may require copy editing for English as 2nd language. (August 2014)|
The "Cristal Baschet" is an acoustic musical instrument of a category known as friction idiophones. The vibration of its individual elements produces musical tones by means of friction. These vibrating elements are metal rods embedded onto a heavy plate. The pitch of the sound tone is determined by the rod's length, weight and its position at the equilibrium point. A vibration is caused when an attached glass rod is gently stroked with wet fingers.
The vibration of the rod with greater amplitude and weaker pressure is transmitted onto the metal fitting. This causes a transformation in the vibrations and the shape of the wave produced. The vibrations propagating through the metal have a high pressure and a weaker amplitude. This amplification in pressure is the result of fiberglass cones that are fixed in a wood frame alongside a tall, cut-out metal part in the shape of a flame. "Whiskers," placed on the side of the instrument, amplify high-pitched sounds. The Cristal Baschet is also known as the Crystal Organ and the Crystal Baschet. The range of a concert Cristal is 5 octaves. The sound of the Cristal has nothing to do with the glass harmonica.
The Cristal Baschet was created in 1952 by the French instrument makers and artists Bernard and Francois Baschet. The Baschet brothers specialized in creating sculptures that can be played to produce music. They invented the inflatable guitar, an aluminum piano, and then created an "educational instrumentarium" for giving young people exposure in musical concepts.
The Cristal Baschet was developed around the same time as musique concrète (Avant-Garde musical style introduced by Pierre Schaeffer and Pierre Henry), Electro-Acoustic music and early Moog synthesizers. The Cristal Baschet produces music similar in style to these other musical forms, but through purely acoustic means; no electrical amplification is involved.
The Cristal Baschet has been used for several different applications, such as ballet music, songs, film and theater music, jazz, rock, electronic music, improvisation, tales and contemporary[clarification needed] music.
Composers also used this instrument, including: François Bayle, Thomas Bloch, Michel Deneuve, Luc Ferrari, Cliff Martinez, Jean-Michel Jarre, Beatriz Ferreyra, Guy Reibel, Etienne Rolin, Mike Sheridan, Toru Takemitsu, Michel Redolfi and Daft Punk ("Motherboard" in Random Access Memories). Recent compositions have been written by Sir Roger Steptoe, Horatiu Radulescu, Bruno Giner, Eric Fisher, Emmanuel Séjourné, Alain Voirpy, Alain Labarsouque, Jean-Michel Hasler, Jean Philippe Calvin, Frederic Bousquet and Marc Antoine Millon.
In the United Kingdom, the most familiar musical piece to be played with the Cristal Baschet is 'Maneche', composed by Jacques Lasry, which has been used for over twenty years as the opening theme to the Granada Television children's programme Picture Box.
- (http://www.youtube.com/user/hopensemble?feature=mhum) videos from the HOPE ensemble, Marc Antoine Millon et Frédéric Bousquet, contemporary music and classical adaptations with Cristal Baschet
- Site officiel de la société Structures Sonores, qui développe les recherches des frères Baschet.*Les Sculptures Sonores, Official website of the Baschet brothers
- Sound Structures EURL – Atelier BOUSQUET, Official Website of the Cristal Baschet Manufacturer
- Association Structures Sonores Baschet et Pédagogie, a Baschet official website
- (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w-yiGVCiYqg&list=UUtYNhcrWjH-eiamvMK_W1yA&index=12) Television documentary on B. Baschet and HOPE Esemble
- Cliff Martinez plays the Cristal Baschet and gives an interview about the sounds he uses for film score
- (http://www.youtube.com/user/hopensemble?feature=mhum*Cristal baschet video
- Gorillaz leader Damon Albarn using the cristal Baschet and other rare instruments played by Thomas Bloch
- Cristal Baschet during a popular French TV program