Cristal baschet

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Ensemble Hope. F. Bousquet M.A. Millon
The cristal baschet

The Cristal Baschet is an acoustic musical instrument that belongs to a category known as friction idiophones. The vibration of its individual elements produces musical tones by means of friction. These vibrating elements are metal rods embedded in a heavy plate. The pitch is determined by the rod's length, weight, and position at the equilibrium point. A vibration is caused when an attached glass rod is gently stroked with wet finger.

The vibration of the rod with greater amplitude and weaker pressure is transmitted onto the metal fitting. This causes a transformation in the vibrations and the shape of the wave produced. The vibrations propagating through the metal have a high pressure and a weak amplitude. This amplification in pressure is the result of fiberglass cones that are fixed in a wood frame alongside a tall, cut-out metal part in the shape of a flame. "Whiskers," placed on the side of the instrument, amplify high-pitched sounds. The Cristal Baschet is also known as the Crystal Organ and the Crystal Baschet. The range of a concert Cristal is 5 octaves. The sound of the Cristal has nothing to do with the glass harmonica.

The Cristal Baschet was created in 1952 by the French instrument makers and artists Bernard and Francois Baschet. The Baschet brothers specialized in creating sculptures that could be played to produce music. They invented the inflatable guitar, an aluminum piano, and then created an "educational instrumentarium" for the purpose of giving young people exposure to musical concepts.

The Cristal Baschet was developed around the same time as musique concrète (Avant-Garde musical style introduced by Pierre Schaeffer and Pierre Henry), Electro-Acoustic music and early Moog synthesizers. The Cristal Baschet produces music similar in style to these other musical forms, but through purely acoustic means; no electrical amplification is involved.

Baschet bass cristal


The Cristal Baschet has been used for several different applications, such as ballet music, songs, film and theater music, jazz, rock, electronic music, improvisation, tales and contemporary[clarification needed] music.

Composers also used this instrument, including: François Bayle, Thomas Bloch,[1] Michel Deneuve, Luc Ferrari, Cliff Martinez, Jean-Michel Jarre, Beatriz Ferreyra, Guy Reibel, Etienne Rolin, Mike Sheridan, Toru Takemitsu, Michel Redolfi and Daft Punk ("Motherboard" in Random Access Memories).[1][citation needed] Recent compositions have been written by Sir Roger Steptoe, Horatiu Radulescu, Bruno Giner, Eric Fisher, Emmanuel Séjourné, Alain Voirpy, Alain Labarsouque, Jean-Michel Hasler, Jean Philippe Calvin, Frederic Bousquet, and Marc Antoine Millon.

In the United Kingdom, the most familiar musical piece to be played with the Cristal Baschet is "Maneche," composed by Jacques Lasry. This has been used for over twenty years as the opening theme to the Granada Television children's program Picture Box."

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  1. ^ a b "Thomas Bloch uses cristal baschet". Retrieved 11 September 2104.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)