Daron Aric Hagen (// HAH-gən; born November 4, 1961 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin), is an American composer, conductor, pianist, educator, librettist, and stage director of contemporary classical music and opera.
Daron Hagen grew up in New Berlin, a suburb west of Milwaukee. Hagen was the youngest of the three sons of Gwen Hagen, a visual artist, writer and advertising executive who studied creative writing with Mari Sandoz and enjoyed a successful advertising career as Creative Director of Exclusively Yours Magazine and Earl Hagen (an attorney). Hagen began composing prolifically in 1974, when his older brother Kevin gave him a recording and score of Benjamin Britten's Billy Budd. born November 4, 1961 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin), is an American composer, conductor,pianist, educator, librettist, and stage director of contemporary classical music and opera. Two years later, at the age of fifteen, he conducted the premiere of his first orchestral work, a recording and score of which came to the attention of Leonard Bernstein, who enthusiastically urged Hagen to attend Juilliard to study with David Diamond. He took composition, piano, and conducting lessons at the Wisconsin Conservatory of Music while attending Brookfield Central High School.
After two years at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, where his teachers included Catherine Comet (conducting), Les Thimmig and Homer Lambrecht (composition), followed by three years of study with Ned Rorem (with whom he developed a lifelong friendship) at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, Hagen moved to New York City in 1984 to complete his formal education as a student at Juilliard, studying first for two years with Diamond, then for a semester each with Joseph Schwantner and Bernard Rands. After graduating, Hagen was as a Tanglewood composition fellow before briefly living abroad, first at the Camargo Foundation in Cassis, France, and then at the Rockefeller Foundation's Villa Serbelloni in Bellagio, Italy, where he has twice been a guest. Between 1984 and 1998 Hagen was also a frequent guest at the MacDowell Colony. When he returned to the United States, Hagen studied privately with Bernstein, whose guidance during the composition of Hagen's Shining Brow (1992) — the opera that launched Hagen's career internationally — prompted him to dedicate the score to Bernstein’s memory.
Hagen served in 2007 as composer in residence at the Music Conservatory of the Chicago College of Performing Arts. He has served as the Franz Lehár Composer in Residence at the University of Pittsburgh (2007), twice as Composer in Residence for the Princeton University Atelier (1998, 2005); as Artist in Residence at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (2000–2002); Sigma Chi-William P. Huffman Composer in Residence at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio (1999–2000); Artist in Residence at Baylor University, Waco, Texas (1998–1999); on the musical studies faculty of the Curtis Institute of Music (1996–1998); as an Associate Professor at Bard College (1988–1997); as a Visiting Professor at the City College of New York (1997, 1993–1994); and as a Lecturer in Music at New York University (1988–1990).
As Artistic Director of the Perpetuum Mobile Concerts (1982–87) he premiered compositions by over a hundred American composers on concerts produced in Philadelphia and New York. Hagen served as President of the Lotte Lehmann Foundation (2004–07) in New York City, an international nonprofit organization dedicated to encouraging the performance and creation of opera and art song; he is a trustee of the Douglas Moore Fund for American Opera and was elected a Lifetime Member of the Corporation of Yaddo in 2006. Hagen has been a featured composer at the Tanglewood, Wintergreen, and Aspen music served as artistic director and head of faculty for the Seasons Fall Music Festival in Yakima, Washington (2008-2012).
Hagen is married to composer, vocalist, and visual artist Gilda Lyons. He has two children—Atticus and Seamus—and lives in Rhinebeck, New York.
Hagen's music is essentially tonal, though serial, pitch class, and octatonic procedures are customarily utilized for psychologically and emotionally fraught passages. It is "notable for its warm lyricism, but his style defies easy categorization. While his works demonstrate fluency with a range of twentieth century compositional techniques, those procedures are secondary to his exploitation and expansion of the possibilities of tonal harmony, giving his music an immediacy that makes it appealing to a wide spectrum of audiences. His music is broadly eclectic, drawing on a variety of styles as diverse as jazz, Broadway, Latin music, Italian verismo, and soft rock." According to Hagen, "Polytonality figures prominently in the major operas as a mechanism for manifesting the interaction between characters." Hagen, asked at one point by Bernstein to complete Marc Blitzstein's opera Sacco and Vanzetti, acknowledges a debt to Blitzstein's music: "I find the musical DNA of which it is composed indispensable. Strands of that DNA -- strict adherence to economy of means, a passion for combining words and music, the belief that music can promote social justice, an abhorrence of pretension -- are woven contrapuntally, inextricably, into the music that I compose, and have been, nearly from the start."
Hagen, considered by some "the finest American composer of vocal music in his generation," has remarked, "I love voices and I like singers, and along with the intersection of loving music and words and singers, I adore the process of composing and going through the production of musical theater. There is the communion of people coming together to commit to undertaking a work of art that is larger than any of us." "Using his gift for composing vocal lines, [Hagen] produces songs that flow lyrically and illuminate texts with unerring musical and dramatic aim. His scores are full of extensive markings, requiring singers to use variety of tone color to achieve the emotions inherent in the texts."
His operas embrace a particularly broad stylistic spectrum. In Shining Brow "Hagen's baseline idiom," writes Tom Strini, "seems to be modernist-expressionist, tonal but freely dissonant. He sets all sorts of influences, from barbershop to ticky-tick dance music against that idiom, to underscore character and crystallize the period (1903-'14)." In Vera of Las Vegas, Hagen, writes Robert Thicknesse, "blends idioms — neo-Gershwin, jazz, soft rock, Broadway — with soaring melodies that send the characters looping off in arias of self-revelation." "Bandanna is neither fish nor fowl — as fierce as verismo but wrought with infinite care; a melding of church and cantina and Oxonian declamation," writes Tim Page. Catherine Parsonage expands upon this assessment: "[it] is wholly convincing as a modern opera, ranging stylistically from the music theatre of Gershwin, Bernstein and Stephen Sondheim, to traditional mariachi music and contemporary opera of Benjamin Britten. Hagen, who served his apprenticeship on Broadway, acknowledges that holistically the piece falls between opera and musical theatre. Hagen's style encourages audiences to be actively involved in constructing their own meanings from the richness of the textual and musical cross-references in his work."
Critical Reception and Plaudits
Hagen's opera Amelia premiered in May 2010 to positive reviews in the New York Times, Financial Times, Times of London, Seattle Times, Washington Post, and Opera Magazine, among others. Heidi Waleson in the Wall Street Journal described the work as "both highly original and gripping. ... Amelia is a modern opera with traditional values ... Mr. Hagen's restless, questioning music never loses its heart." Ivan Katz, in the Huffington Post, wrote "Hagen's score is well-composed and, in many respects, a work of genius. He tends to write in a more facile manner for the women, but his writing for the men (especially tenor William Burden) is complex and highly effective." Anthony Tommasini in the New York Times, however, noted that "there is too much lyricism and no break in the orchestral richness."
Hagen is the recipient of a 2012 Guggenheim Fellowship. Hagen's music has received the Columbia University Joseph H. Bearns Prize, the Charles Ives Fellowship from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, a Barlow Endowment commission and prize, three prizes from the Broadcast Music Incorporated Foundation and three Morton Gould Young Composer Prizes from ASCAP, as well as the ASCAP Foundation Rudolf Nissim Prize for Orchestral Music, Opera America's Next Stage Award, a production grant from the Readers Digest Opera for a New America Project (1997), a production grant from the National Endowment for the Arts (2005), and the Kennedy Center Friedheim Award for orchestral music.
List of Works
His first composition to attract wide attention was Prayer for Peace, premiered by the Philadelphia Orchestra (1981), garnering him the distinction of being the youngest composer since Samuel Barber to be premiered by that orchestra; the New York Philharmonic commissioned Philharmonia for its 150th anniversary (1990); the University of Wisconsin Madison School of Music commissioned Concerto for Brass Quintet for its 100th anniversary (1995); the Curtis Institute commissioned Much Ado for its 75th anniversary (2000). Hagen's commissions from major orchestras and performers between 1981 and 2008 included orchestral works, four symphonies, seven concertos (for Gary Graffman, Jaime Laredo, Sharon Robinson, Jeffrey Khaner, and Sara Sant'Ambrogio, among others), several massive works for chorus and orchestra, two dozen choral works (including one for the Kings Singers), ballet scores, concert overtures, showpieces, two brass quintets, four piano trios, three string quartets, an oboe quintet, a duo for violin and cello, solo works for piano, organ, violin, viola, and cello, and seventeen published cycles of art songs. (Hagen has over 300 art songs in print.) A frequent collaborator with living writers, he has set poetry by Nuar Alsadir, Ze'ev Dunei, Stephen Dunn, Sarah Gorham, Susan Griffin, Peter Handke, Reine Hauser, Seamus Heaney, Robert Kelley, Richard McCann, Kim Roberts, Stephen Sandy, Mark Skinner, and Mark Strand, among others. In 1990 Hagen began a creative collaboration with the Irish poet Paul Muldoon that resulted in four major operas: Shining Brow (1992), Vera of Las Vegas (1996), Bandanna (1998), and The Antient Concert (2005). Material from Shining Brow was used in Hagen's piano piece "Built Up Dark", written for Bruce Brubaker in 1994. "[Writing libretti for Hagen's operas gave Muldoon], a writer who has had to weather accusations of cerebral detachment and heartlessness the opportunity to indulge in frank emotionalism," writes David Wheatley. Libretti for Hagen operas have also been written by Barbara Grecki (New York Stories, 2008), J.D. McClatchy (Little Nemo in Slumberland, 2010), and Gardner McFall (Amelia, 2010). He has also written his own libretti.
Recordings of Hagen works may be found on the Albany Records, Arsis, Sierra, TNC, Mark, Naxos Records, and CRI labels, among others. His music was published exclusively by EC Schirmer in Boston (1982–90); and then by Carl Fischer Music in New York (1990–2006); in 2007 began self-publishing under the imprint Burning Sled.
- Jens Staubrand: Kierkegaard International Bibliography Music Works and Plays, Copenhagen 2009. In English and Danish. ISBN 978-87-92510-05-1, Including Daron Hagen's LORD, GOD IN HEAVEN from LITTLE PRAYERS, 1994
- Paul Kreider 1999. Art songs of Daron Hagen: lyrical dramaticism and simplicity with an interpretive guide to rittenhouse songs and resuming green. DMA diss., University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
- Edwin Powell 2002. Bandanna, an opera by Daron Aric Hagen with libretto by Paul Muldoon commissioned by the College Band Directors National Association: the origins of an artwork with a glimpse at its musical character development. DMA diss., University of North Texas, Denton, Texas.
- Jane McCalla Redding 2002. An introduction to American song composer Daron Aric Hagen (b. 1961) and his miniature folk opera: dear youth. DMA diss., Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
- Sarah Elizabeth Snydacker 2011.The new American song: A catalog of published songs by 25 living American composers. Ph.D. diss., University of Iowa, Des Moines, Iowa.
- Clare, John (2010), Interview with Daron Hagen (video recording Hagen's pronunciation of his own name in the course of the interview.), San Antonio: Texas Public Radio
- Strini, Tom (2010), Arts Digest: Interview with Daron Hagen (television broadcast.), Milwaukee: Milwaukee Public Television
- Joslyn, Jay (1978), "Young Composer Shows Promise", The Milwaukee Sentinal (1/5/78)
- Rorem, Ned (1993), "Learning with Daron", Opera News (April 10): 29–30
- Rorem, Ned (1987), The Nantucket Diary, San Francisco, CA: North Point Press, pp. 329–603, ISBN 0-86547-259-9
- Olmstead, Andrea (2002), Juilliard: A History, Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press, p. 251, ISBN 978-0-252-02487-0
- Secrest, Meryl (1994), Leonard Bernstein, a Life, New York, NY: Knopf, pp. 386–87, ISBN 0-679-40731-6
- Smith, Patrick (1993), "The Fall of Taliesin", The Times Literary Supplementl (5/14/93)
- Kerner, Leighton (1993), "The Wright Stuff", The Village Voice (5/5/93)
- Oestereich, James. "Review/Music: Shining Brow; Frank Lloyd Wright Joins Opera's Pantheon", The New York Times. retrieved 2 August 2008.
- Grout, Donald (2003), A Short History of Opera, Fourth Edition, New York, NY: Columbia University Press, p. 767, ISBN 0-231-11958-5
- Hagen, Daron (1995), Shining Brow (score), Boston, MA: E. C. Schirmer Publishing Company, p. iv, ISBN 0-911318-20-8
- Press Kit at DaronHagen.com
- Webster, Daniel (1985), "3 Musicians Who Are On the Move", The Philadelphia Inquirer (2/16/85): D01
- Passaro, Vince (2006), "Yaddo Elects Librarian Susan Brynteson and Composer Daron Hagen Lifetime Members", Press Release (September 25)
- Seasons Music Festival Academy Website, retrieved 25 February 2010.
- Classical Composers Database, retrieved 8 July 2012.
- Hagen, Daron (2012), "Daron Hagen Biography", All Music Guide, retrieved 2012-07-08
- Hagen, Daron; Hong Kong, Naxos Records (2009), Shining Brow Liner Notes
- Pollack, Howard (2012), Mark Blitzstein His Life, His Work, His World, New York, NY: Oxford University Press, p. 484, ISBN 978-0-19-979159-0
- Hagen, Daron (2012), "Obsessed -- Marc Blitzstein", Huffington Post, retrieved 2012-07-08
- Platt, Russell (1998), "Artful Simplicity: the Art Songs of Daron Hagen", NATS Journal of Singing 55 (1): 3–11
- Reel, James (1999), "A Conversation with Composer Daron Hagen", Fanfare Magazine (September/October): 128–133
- Kimball, Carol (2006), Song, Milwaukee, WI: Hal Leonard, p. 347, ISBN 1-4234-1280-X, OCLC 225969165 71369185
- Strini, Tom (22 April 1993), "Frank Lloyd Wright opera powerful, touching", The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel Unknown parameter
- Thicknesse, Robert. "Vera of Las Vegas", The Times. retrieved 7 September 2008.
- Page, Tim; Albany, N. Y. Albany Records (2003), Bandanna Liner Notes
- Daron Hagen's Blog Memoir, retrieved 8 July 2012.
- Parsonage, Catherine (2006), "Hagen's Bandanna and the Accessibility of Opera", Winds Music Magazine (May): 12–16
- Waleson, Heidi (2010-05-10). "On So Many Levels, a Success". Wall Street Journal.
- Katz, Ivan (2010), "World Premiere of Daron Hagen's opera Amelia", Huffington Post, retrieved 2010-06-26
- Tommasini, Anthony (2010-05-9). "A Woman’s Flights of Fantasy and Fear".
- Chute, James (2001), The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 1-56159-239-0
- Kunick, Judith Karp (1993), Ricardo Muti: Twenty Years in Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, p. 53, ISBN 0-8122-1445-5
- Holland, Bernard. "Classical Music in Review", The New York Times. retrieved 2 August 2008.
- Description of the UW-Madison School of Music 100th Anniversary Commissioning Project at the University of Wisconsin Press Website, retrieved 2 November 2011.
- Wheatley, David (2003), "All Art is a Collaboration: Paul Muldoon as Librettist", Paul Muldoon: Critical Essays, Liverpool, UK: Liverpool University Press, p. 152, ISBN 0-85323-868-5
- Lowry, Sam (2011), "Sarasota Opera Hosts Press Conference to Announce New Youth Opera Commission and Co-Production", Press Release (November 17, 2011)
- Biography at Daron Hagen's official website, retrieved 2 November 2011.
- 2010 Composing Thoughts Interview with John Clare for Texas Public Radio discussing Amelia, Piano Trios, and Violin Concerto
- 2009 Naxos Podcast interview with Daron Hagen and Paul Muldoon about Shining Brow
- Seattle Opera's Amelia preview
- E.C. Schirmer Publishing, Boston, Massachusetts — for works composed prior to 1990.
- Carl Fischer LLC, New York, New York — for works composed 1990-2006.
- Burning Sled Music, New York, New York — for works composed after 2006.