Dashiin Byambasüren

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Dashiin Byambasüren
Дашийн Бямбасүрэн
State emblem of Mongolia.svg
Prime Minister of Mongolia
In office
11 September 1990 – 21 July 1992
General Secretary Gombozhavyn Ochirbat
Bydragchaagiyn Dash-Yondon
Preceded by Sharavyn Gungaadorj
Succeeded by Puntsagiin Jasrai
Personal details
Born June 20, 1942
Binder sum of Khentii Province, Mongolia
This is a Mongolian name. The given name is Byambasüren, and the name Dash is a patronymic, not a family name. The subject should be referred to by the given name.

Dashiin Byambasüren (Mongolian: Дашийн Бямбасүрэн; born June 20, 1942 in Binder, Khentii) is a former Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party politician who was Prime Minister of Mongolia from 11 September 1990 - 21 July 1992, the first one to be appointed by a democratically elected parliament. He comes from a Buryat background.[1] He is married with six sons.[2]

Political career[edit]

An economist, Byambasüren served as the chief of the State Statistical Office and the Institute of Management, although his influence initially waned after the fall of his mentor Jambyn Batmönkh. By 1989 he had risen to the position of deputy head of the Council of Ministers and after the 1990 elections (which were largely democratic) he was chosen as the final Prime Minister of the Mongolian People's Republic.[3] His ministry was noted as reforming[4] but also as something of a technocracy, featuring a number of former communists who had altered their positions to suit the new mood of the country.[5] However he also developed a reputation for diplomacy, visiting Germany, Belgium and France, as well as Moscow and a first visit by a Mongolian leader to China for over thirty years, during the course of his Premiership.[2] He was succeeded in 1992 by Puntsagiin Jasrai. Byambasüren sought to improve Mongolia's external relations and worked particularly closely with Japan who, along with the World Bank, pledged $320 million to the country under his premiership.[6]

He left the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party in October 1992, criticizing its continuing hegemony in the country and its close links to communist parties elsewhere.[2] He would go on to form his own pro-democracy group the Mongolian Democratic Renaissance Party (Mongolyn Ardqilsan Särgään Mandalyn Nam) in 1994.[2]

Other activities[edit]

In more recent years Byambasüren has been at the forefront of campaigns to stop archaeologists from digging for the remains of Genghis Khan. Byambasüren attacked both the desecration of sacred ground that the digging caused and the private funding of the initiatives.[7] He has also served as a Professor at the Mongolian Academy of Management and Khan Uul University and President of the Mongolian Development Foundation and participated in the Earth Summit 2002.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris Rossabi,Modern Mongolia - From Khans to Commissars to Capitalists
  2. ^ a b c d Profile in German
  3. ^ Stephen Kotkin & Bruce A. Elleman, Mongolia in the Twentieth Century: Landlocked Cosmopolitan, p. 265
  4. ^ Rossabi, op cit
  5. ^ Kotkin & Elleman, op cit, pp. 265-266
  6. ^ 'Regional Situations and Relations with Japan: Asia-Pacific'
  7. ^ 'The hunt for Genghis Khan' from bbc.co.uk
  8. ^ 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development
Political offices
Preceded by
Sharavyn Gungaadorj
Prime Minister of Mongolia
11 September 1990 - 21 July 1992
Succeeded by
Puntsagiin Jasrai