David F. Friedman
|David F. Friedman|
|Born||David Frank Friedman
December 24, 1923
Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
|Died||February 14, 2011
Anniston, Alabama, U.S.
David Frank Friedman (December 24, 1923 – February 14, 2011) was an American filmmaker and film producer best known for his B-movies, exploitation film, as well as nudie cutie, sexploitation, gore and other low quality. He never claimed any artistic merit in any of his films.
Life and career
Friedman first became interested in entertainment after spending part of his childhood in Birmingham and Anniston, Alabama, traveling carnival sites. He worked as a film projectionist in Buffalo before serving in the US Army during the Second World War.
He met exploitation film pioneer Kroger Babb during his army service. This encounter got him interested in films. He then worked as a regional marketing man for Paramount, and sensed the money in independent distributing.
He started his own company in the 1950s, which mainly produced so-called nudie cutie films such as Goldilocks and The Three Bares, shot in nudist colonies, films that were the closest thing to pornography legally available at the time. This trend was followed by the sexploitation and "roughie" genres, depicting simulated sex with a more violent edge, often horror- or crime-related. Examples of Friedman's roughies are The Defilers (1965), The Lustful Turk (1968), The Head Mistress (1968) and The Adult Version of Jekyll and Hide (1971, directed by Byron Mabe). Helming one of those movies, Friedman started his working relationship with Chicago-based teacher and filmmaker Herschell Gordon Lewis.
Friedman went on to produce the latter's 1963 film Blood Feast, an American exploitation film often considered the first "gore" or splatter film. He was also the producer of two of the first Nazi exploitation films, Love Camp 7 (1969) and Ilsa: She-Wolf of the SS (1974), for which he wouldn't use his real name and was credited as Herman Traeger.
With the advent of hardcore porn as a commercial factor in the mid-1970s, Friedman began to slow down his output. His moto was "Sell the sizzle not the steak" and he would not allow actual intercourse to be shown in his films. Still, he was president of the Adult Film Association of America, a trade association for hardcore porn producers.
In the early 1990s Seattle's Something Weird Video, owned by Mike Vraney, started to re-issue much of Friedman's work on videocassette, getting him the attention of a new generation of exploitation and b-movie collectors. He can be heard on the audio commentary track of some of the company's releases. In 2000 Friedman was featured alongside cult filmmakers Roger Corman, Doris Wishman, Harry Novak and others in the documentary SCHLOCK! The Secret History of American Movies, a film about the rise and fall of American exploitation cinema.
In 1990 Friedman published his autobiography, A Youth in Babylon: Confessions of a Trash-Film King. He remained proud of his cinematic oeuvre: “I made some terrible pictures, but I don’t make any apologies for anything I’ve ever done. Nobody ever asked for their money back.”
Friedman died in Anniston, Alabama on February 14, 2011 at the age of 87.
- Andrews, David. Soft in the middle: the contemporary softcore feature in its contexts, Ohio State University Press, 2006, ISBN 0-8142-1022-8.
- Briggs, Joe Bob. Profoundly disturbing: shocking movies that changed history!, Universe, 2003, ISBN 0-7893-0844-4.
- Burger, Frederick. (2002-02-24). "Blood! Guts! Gall!; David Friedman is proud of the schlock he's inflicted on the public over the years." Los Angeles Times. p. F-4.
- RE/Search No. 10: Incredibly Strange Films RE/Search Publications, 1986, ISBN 0-940642-09-3.
- Suckling, Nigel. Werewolves, AAPPL, 2006, ISBN 1-904332-46-3.
- Obituary: David Friedman, Daily Telegraph, February 16, 2011
- Briggs (2003), p. 99
- Andrews (2006), p. 288
- Andrews (2006), p. 63
- Briggs (2003), p. 174
- Suckling (2006), p. 83
- Andrews (2006), p. 61
- David F. Friedman. A Youth in Babylon: Confessions of a Trash-Film King, Prometheus Books, 1998. ISBN 1-57392-236-6.
- David F. Friedman at the Internet Movie Database
- David F. Freidman at BhamWiki.com
- Taylor, J.R. (January 8, 2009). "Horror! Sex! Big Box Office! – The erotic adventures of exploitation film producer and Alabama native Dave Friedman". Black & White, Birmingham's City Paper. Retrieved July 29, 2009.