Democratic Party (Turkey, 1970)

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Democratic Party (Turkish: Demokratik Parti, DP for short) was a former political party in Turkey founded on 18 December 1970 and should not be confused with the historical party or the current Democratic Party in Turkey.

Background[edit]

The historical Democrat Party which was the ruling party between 1950-1960 was closed by the military rule. In 1961 and 1965 elections most of ex Democrat Party adherents supported Justice Party, a party founded in 1961. After 1965 elections Justice Party came to power. But following 1969 elections in which Justice Party was again successful, tension between the liberal and conservative wings of the party became evident. The conservative wing which had the support of former Democrat Party leaders, broke away from Justice Party and founded Democratic Party .

History[edit]

DP was founded on 18 December 1970. The former parliament speaker Ferruh Bozbeyli was the chairman. Saadettin Bilgiç as well as the relatives of the former Democrat Party members were among the other important MPs.[1] The main competitors of the party were Justice Party and National Salvation Party (or its predecessor National Order Party). In the 1973 elections, Democratic Parti received 11.9% of votes and sent 45 representatives to the lower house of the parliament. (It was the third party in terms of the vote percentage and fourth party in terms of the number of representatives.) Republican People's Party (CHP) was the winner. But CHP needed coalition partners to form the government. DP refused to form the coalition with CHP. Later in 1975 DP refused to participate in another coalition government led by Justice Party (4th government of Süleyman Demirel) . However after this last decision, the big names in the party returned to Justice Party on 9 March 1975.[2] In the 1977 elections Democratic Party received only 1.1% of votes. On 4 May 1980 the party dissolved itself.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turkish parliament page (Turkish)
  2. ^ Türkiye'nin 75 yılı, Hürgüç Gazetecilik,İstanbul, 1988