Dey's Arena

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Dey's Arena, also known as Dey Brothers Rink, Dey's Skating Rink and The Arena, were a series of ice rinks and arenas located in Ottawa, Ontario, that hold importance in the early development of the organized sport of ice hockey in Canada. It was the home arena of the Ottawa Hockey Club, variously known as the Generals, the Silver Seven and the Senators from the 1890s until 1923, although it is known that games were also played at the Rideau Skating Rink in the 1890s and the Aberdeen Pavilion in 1904. The rink and arenas were built by two generations of the Dey family, who were prominent in Ottawa at the time, with a thriving boat works business serving the lumber business. The Dey family also played hockey.

Rink history[edit]

First rink[edit]

The first rink was opened on December 20, 1884, and was located on the Rideau Canal at Waller Street and Theodore Street (today's Laurier Avenue), next to the Dey Family boat works.[1] The natural ice rink surface was 150 feet (46 m) by 60 feet (18 m). This location is today occupied by the Canadian Department of Defence headquarters, just south of the Federal Conference Centre, the old Union Station railway station. The rink was torn down in the fall of 1895 to make way for the Canada Atlantic Railway, which opened a station at Rideau Street and the Canal and laid rail tracks alongside the eastern bank of the Canal. The last hockey game at the rink was held on March 30, 1895.[1] The boat works moved to Patterson Creek at Bank Street in Ottawa.

Plaque (now lost) at corner of Bay and Gladstone streets, Ottawa

Dey's Skating Rink: Second rink, first arena[edit]

The second rink, an arena, opened on December 17, 1896. 'Dey's Skating Rink',[2] its proper name, held an estimated 3,500 spectators. The ice rink measured 200 feet (61 m) by 81 feet (25 m), one of the largest indoor ice surfaces in Canada at the time. The arena featured a bandstand that could be used as a press box, and elevated seats. This was possibly the first arena designed for ice hockey in Canada, the second in North America after the St. Nicholas Rink, which opened in New York one month earlier. Dey's Skating Rink was located at Bay and Ann (now Gladstone) Streets, the location at the time being on the city outskirts, but served by city streetcars.[3]

The first hockey game at the arena was between the Capitals of Ottawa and Cornwalls on December 19, 1896.[4] The arena was the site of the first Stanley Cup win by the Ottawa Hockey Club, in 1903, and the site of numerous Stanley Cup challenge matches during the 'Silver Seven's' reign from 1903–1907, including the famous 1905 challenge of Dawson City.[3]

New marker

The arena was the site of the final game of the 1906 championship playoff between Ottawa and the Montreal Wanderers, a game labelled the "Greatest Hockey Game in History." by The Sporting News.[5] The Toronto Globe called it the "greatest game of hockey ever played on Canadian ice, or any other."[6] Although Ottawa entered the game nine goals down in a two-game playoff, fan interest was exceptional. For the game, the rink was modified to hold more spectators, including setting up temporary bleachers, removing the grandstand which had been used as a press box, and the installation of a press box attached to the rafters. Over 5,400 would attend the game and the top $2 tickets were being sold for $10. Betting interest was high, including one $12,000 bet.[7] Remarkably, Ottawa tied the series with ten minutes to play before two power play goals in the last two minutes by Lester Patrick would win it for the Wanderers.[5]

The rink was destroyed twice. In 1902, a violent summer windstorm flattened the building. It was rebuilt in time for the 1902–03 hockey season. The replacement rink followed the ice dimensions of the Montreal Arena and had semi-circular ends, rather than squared with rounded corners.[8] In 1920, fire destroyed the rink, after which it was not rebuilt. Today, the city block it occupied is mostly single-family houses. Nearby, the McNabb arena and community centre was built one block west at Percy Street and Gladstone and is operated by the City of Ottawa.

In 1997, a commemorative plaque was unveiled at the rink's location at the corner of Bay and Gladstone. The plaque was stolen on April 14, 2008 and its pedestal destroyed.[9] A new memorial marker was installed and dedicated on November 17, 2008.[10][11]

The Arena: Third rink, second arena[edit]

Main article: The Arena, Ottawa

The third rink was built in 1907 and was built because audiences for hockey matches had out-grown the previous arena. The spectator capacity was 7,000, of which 2,500 was standing room. At the time, it was Canada's largest arena. 'The Arena', as it was called,[12] was built on leased land on the north side of Laurier Avenue next to Rideau Canal, on the location of today's Confederation Park, across the street from the current Ottawa city hall. This is very close to the location of the first rink, on the opposite bank of the Canal. It was leased from landowner Esther Sherwood for the rate of $166.66 per month, for twenty years.

The Arena opened on January 11, 1908 for a game between Ottawa and the Montreal Wanderers, the top rivalry of the day. The last Senators game at the arena was held on March 10, 1923, after which the team moved to the Ottawa Auditorium. The Ottawa Auditorium was also built by the Deys, who were part owners of the Ottawa Senators. This third rink was torn down by the federal government at the end of the lease in 1927 to make way for the Driveway along the Rideau Canal.

The Arena was used for the sports of ice skating and figure skating as well as hockey. The 1912 Canadian Figure Skating Championships were held in February 1912 at the Arena.[13]

Stanley Cup history[edit]

The various arenas hosted the 1903, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1910, 1911 Stanley Cup challenges and the 1920 Stanley Cup Finals. The January 1905 challenge is likely the most famous between Ottawa and the Dawson City Nuggets, in which Frank McGee scored a still-record 14 times in a 23-2 romp, the highest scoring Stanley Cup game ever. The Dawson City team had travelled for twenty four days to reach Ottawa. The Stanley Cup was famously drop-kicked by Harvey Pulford into the Rideau Canal, after a banquet following the game at the Ottawa Amateur Athletic Club which was located nearby at Laurier and Elgin.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kitchen, Paul (March 21, 1997). "A monument to our hockey history: Original Senators won their first Stanley Cup at a rink on the corner of Gladstone and Bay". Ottawa Citizen. pp. B4. 
  • Kitchen, Paul (1999). "FROM DEY'S RINK TO BRYDEN’S PALLADIUM". SIHR Journal 4. 
  • Kitchen, Paul (2008). Win, Tie or Wrangle. Manotick, Ontario: Penumbra Press. ISBN 978-1-897323-46-5. 
  • MacGregor, Roy (January 14, 1996). "The long road to the Palladium". Ottawa Citizen. pp. E3. 
  • Whitehead, Eric (1980). The Patricks: Hockey's Royal Family. Toronto, Ontario: Doubleday Canada. ISBN 0-385-15662-6. 
Notes
  1. ^ a b Kitchen 1999, p. 2.
  2. ^ Might Directories (1909). The Ottawa City Directory 1909. Might Directories Limited. p. 682. 
  3. ^ a b Kitchen 1999, p. 3.
  4. ^ "STEADY THERE, CAPITALS-Cornwall Hockey Team are Laying in Wait for You". The Ottawa Journal. January 13, 1897. p. 3. 
  5. ^ a b Whitehead 1980, p. 34.
  6. ^ "Wanderers Won the Cup". Globe and Mail. March 19, 1906. p. 10. 
  7. ^ Whitehead 1980, p. 31.
  8. ^ Kitchen 2008, p. 112.
  9. ^ Cobb, Chris (2008-04-15). "Monument to Ottawa's glory years destroyed; Vandals steal plaque from site of former Dey's Arena". The Ottawa Citizen. p. B2. 
  10. ^ "Slapshot Through Time". The Ottawa Citizen. November 18, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  11. ^ "Dey's Rink Monument Unveiled". Society for International Hockey Research. November 18, 2008. 
  12. ^ Might Directories (1909). The Ottawa City Directory 1909. Might Directories Limited. p. 26. 
  13. ^ "Canadian Figure Skating Championships". Toronto Star. 1912-02-13. p. 13. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Home of the
Ottawa Hockey Club

1883–1887
Succeeded by
Rideau Skating Rink
Preceded by
Rideau Skating Rink
Home of the
Ottawa Hockey Club

1896–1903
Succeeded by
Aberdeen Pavilion
Preceded by
Aberdeen Pavilion
Home of the
Ottawa Hockey Club

1904–1907
Succeeded by
The Arena

Coordinates: 45°24′35″N 75°41′58″W / 45.40971°N 75.69953°W / 45.40971; -75.69953