Dimitri Kitsikis

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Dimitri Kitsikis
Dimitri kitsikis.jpg
Born (1935-06-02) 2 June 1935 (age 79)
Athens, Greece
Institutions University of Ottawa
Main interests
Turkology, Byzantinology, Sinology, Cultural studies, Geopolitics, International relations, Political philosophy, Religious studies, Psychology
Notable ideas
Intermediate Region, Eastern Party in Greece and Turkey, Hellenoturkism, BektashiAlevi religious origin of the Ottoman dynasty, Neo-Ottomanism, Anti-parliamentarism, Laocracy, National Bolshevism, Eurasianism

Dimitri Kitsikis (Greek: Δημήτρης Κιτσίκης; born 2 June 1935) is a Greek Turkologist, Professor of International Relations and Geopolitics. He has also published poetry in French and Greek.

Life[edit]

D. Kitsikis is a Turkologist and Professor of International Relations and Geopolitics at the University of Ottawa in Canada since 1970, Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada; he received his doctoral degree in 1963 from the Sorbonne, Paris, under the supervision of Pierre Renouvin. He has been named one of the "three top geopolitical thinkers worldwide, Karl Haushofer, Halford Mackinder and Dimitri Kitsikis".[1] While pursuing his doctoral studies in Paris, he works from 1960 to 1962 as a research assistant at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva. He derives his origin from a notable Greek-Orthodox family of intellectuals and acclaimed professionals of 19th-century Greece.[2][3][4][5] He holds both French and Canadian citizenships .[6]

His father, Nicolas Kitsikis (1887–1978), rector of the Polytechnic School in Athens, the most famous civil engineer of Greece, was a senator and an MP. His uncle, Konstantinos Kitsikis (1893–1969), a celebrated architect, Nicolas' younger brother, was also a professor at the Athens Polytechnic School. His grandfather, a chief justice, Dimitri Kitsikis senior (1850–1898), had settled in Athens, in 1865, from Lesbos, his native island and was married to Cassandra (Κασσάνδρα), the sister of a member of the Greek Parliament, Dimitri Hatsopoulos (Δημήτρης Χατσόπουλος), 1844–1913, born in Karpenisi.[7]

His mother, Beata Kitsikis née Petychakis (Μπεάτα Πετυχάκη), was born in Herakleion, Crete, from a wealthy Cretan family and Greek Italian nobles from Trieste of mixed Roman Catholic and Orthodox origin. Her father, Emmanuel Petychakis founded a beverage production plant in Cairo, Egypt and her stepfather Aristidis Stergiadis was the High Commissioner of Greece in Smyrna from 1919 to 1922.

During the Greek civil war, at the age of 12, he was sent to a boarding school in Paris, by Octave Merlier,[8] the head of the French Institute in Athens, because his mother had been condemned to death as a communist fighter.[9] He stayed in France for 23 years with his British wife Anne Hubbard, the daughter of a chief justice, whom he had married in Scotland in 1955,[10] with his two first children, Tatiana and Nicolas. He was expelled from the French University for his active participation as a Maoist in the French student revolt of May 1968.[11] Since 1958, Dimitri Kitsikis had traveled to the P.R. of China where he became a committed Maoist.[12] He was then promoted to associate and later to full professor, after being invited to Canada in 1970 by the University of Ottawa. Since then, he has been living and working in Ottawa as well as in Athens,[13] with his second wife, Ada (Αδαμαντία) Nikolarou, whom he married in 1975, the daughter of a farmer from the historic Byzantine town of Mystras, near Sparta and from whom he has two more children, Agis and Kranay. Himself is an admirer of the Byzantine Empire. Kitsikis is thus a Panhellen, a cosmopolitan Greek, holding Greek citizenship, in addition to French and Canadian ones.

Since he was a child he had an idée fixe. He wanted not only to reconcile Greeks and Turks, but also to unite them into a Greek Turkish Confederation and to revive the Ottoman Empire.[14] A devout Orthodox Christian, he came to sympathise with the Turkish religion of Bektashism-Alevism[15] and sought to ally it with Orthodoxy, in order to form a basis for a future political union between Athens and Ankara. Believing in the collaboration of religious communities, as in the millet system of the Ottoman Empire, he worked closely with Shia Muslims in Iran,[16] Jews in Israel[17] and Hindu vaishnavs in India.[18] His elder son Nicolas has been a Vaishnav since 1984 and lives with his Hindu wife in the Vaishnav community of Gainesville, Florida. Although a member of the official Church of Greece, he always sympathised with the Old-Calendarist movement, the adherents of which reject the Church's use of the Gregorian (New) calendar and maintain a traditionalist attitude towards Christian life and worship. As Orthodoxy prevailed over the heresy of Iconoclasm in the 9th century and restored the use of the icon in Christian worship, he stands convinced that the Old Calendar will once again be adopted by those Orthodox Churches which rejected it in the earlier part of the 20th century.[19]

Since the 1970s he has taught Chinese and Turkish history, political ideologies and geopolitics at a number of universities in the West.[20] His plethora of books have been translated in many languages, while articles concerning his work have been published in Chinese, the Balkan languages, German, French, English, Spanish, Portuguese and Russian.[21] He also taught at the Universities of Boğaziçi in Istanbul, Bilkent in Ankara and Gediz in Smyrna where he became one of the closest friends and advisers of the President of the Turkish Republic, Turgut Özal.[22] In Greece, he was resident researcher at the National Institute of Social Studies and taught at Deree College, the American College in Athens.[23]

He is a public figure in Greece and had been a close friend and advisor of Greek Premier Konstantinos Karamanlis senior in the 1960s and 1970s.[24] He contributes regularly with political articles to Greek magazines and, since 1996, publishes in Athens a Greek quarterly journal of Geopolitics named after his civilisation model, «Endiamese Perioche, Ἐνδιάμεση Περιοχή» or “Intermediate Region”.[25]

Named after his father, who died in 1978, the “Nikos Kitsikis Library and Archives” resides in the home of family member, the former high commissioner of Smyrna Aristidis Stergiadis (1861–1949), in Herakleion, Crete. Dimitri Kitsikis was honoured by the Greek State in 2006. The latter established and financed the “Dimitri Kitsikis Public Foundation and Library” in Athens.[26]

His work[edit]

Dimitri Kitsikis at his office at the Presidential Palace of Çankaya Köşkü, Ankara, 1990

Dimitri Kitsikis, since the 1960s, has been the recognised theorist, first in Greece and then in Turkey, of the idea of a Greek-Turkish Confederation, which he has promoted by influencing statesmen, politicians, journalists, artists and thinkers in both countries.[27] His books in Turkish became best sellers in Turkey and were praised by the Prime Minister of Turkey.[28] He kept close ties with Prime Ministers Konstantinos Karamanlis senior of Greece and Turgut Özal[29] of Turkey as well as the Chinese leaders Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping.[30] His books in Greek created one of the greatest controversies ever encountered in Greek historiography. They were even debated in the Greek Parliament.[31] The well-established notion of Greeks enslaved by Turks, as well as a series of beliefs on the Ottoman Empire that had been traditionally taught in schools and universities throughout Greece, such as the story of the so-called "secret school," were strongly questioned.[32] While his father, Nikos Kitsikis, rector of the Polytechnical School, was a Leftist Member of Parliament, Senator and elected Mayor of Athens, Dimitri Kitsikis is averse towards the parliamentary system, which he regards as foreign to the Greek model of a government by the people or laocracy, Greek "λαοκρατία".[33]

He has been the initiator in France of the branch of the History of International Relations that deals with propaganda and pressure as a government weapon of foreign policy.[34] He also opened the way to the study of technocracy in international politics.[35] He has insisted that religion is an essential component of international politics and strove by conferences and other means to facilitate the collaboration between the four main religions of Judaism, Christianity, Islam and Hinduism.[36] He organised Orthodox dialogues with Iranian Shiites and Indian Hindus. He worked with Israeli Jews and fundamentalist Catholics from Quebec, where he, along with his students, produced the quarterly journal Aquila (eagle) which, with a double-headed eagle on the front cover promoted the Byzantine imperial idea amongst catholic circles.He also worked closely with the Fethullah Gülen Sunni Muslim Movement (See Gülen's "Dialog of Civilizations Platform"). But everywhere and at all times, the idea of a global hellenism is prevalent in his works and his teaching.[37]

He created a model[38] for a new approach of the three political ideologies of Liberalism, Fascism and Communism, and has published on the history of China. He is the founder of the branch of study known as Photohistory.[39]

He is also a recognised poet with six collections of poetry published by Pierre Jean Oswald (Paris), Naaman (Québec), Kedros (Κέδρος), Hestia (Ἑστία) and Akritas (Ἀκρίτας).[40] In 1991 he was honored with the first Greek-Turkish prize for poetry Abdi İpekçi, a Turkish journalist who had been shot dead by terrorists.[41] Some of his poetry books, namely Omphalos (1977), l'Orocc dans l'âge de Kali (1985) and le Paradis perdu sur les barricades (1989–1993), became part of an anthology of 32 Canadian poets[42] in the book by H. Bouraoui and J. Flamand. His poetic work was included in the Dictionnaire des citations littéraires de l'Ontario français, depuis 1960.[43] His poems were also used in the books by the Greek artist Georgette Kambani.[44]

Kitsikis regards the Greek language as the cornerstone of planetary civilization, and for this reason he deems it an honour for one to be able to write in Greek. He believes that the treatment of the language should be taken out of the hands of Greek philologists who are currently destroying it. He defends the continued use of polytonic Greek and traditional spelling, as well as the freedom to write in whichever literary tone one chooses. He regards as erroneous only the implementation of a Greek form not used from the time of Homer to today.[45]

He is the founder of four concepts setting a novel approach for the history of the Greek-Turkish Area to be understood: a) The "Intermediate Region" (Endiamese Perioche, Ἐνδιάμεση Περιοχή) of civilisation, extending from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River, between the Euro-American West and the Hindu-Chinese East.[46][47] b) Eastern Party in Greece and Turkey (Ἀνατολικὴ Παράταξις) versus Western Party (Δυτικὴ Παράταξις) as an antagonist couple;[48] c) Hellenoturkism (Ἑλληνοτουρκισμός) as an ideology and as a phenomenon of culture for the last one thousand years;[49] d) Bektashi-Alevi religious origin of the Ottoman Dynasty, the islamisation of which developed hand-in-hand with its secularisation and westernisation.[50]

In 2007, his book A Comparative History of Greece and China from Antiquity to the Present was published. The book is notable in that it homes in on the relationship between these two civilisations throughout their entire history spanning three millennia. The study raises two concepts: 1) the Greek-Chinese civilisation in a global context and 2) its political expression during the last 2500 years, that is, ecumenical empire as a glorified organisational model.[51]

The Dimitri Kitsikis Public Foundation[edit]

The Dimitri Kitsikis Public Foundation in Athens, Greece, was formally established under Presidential Decree 129, A 190 (pp. 3425, 3430-3431). The Presidential Decree, published September 15, 2008 in the Gazette of the Government of Greece (ΦΕΚ), can be found at the following link:
Gazette of the Government of Greece (ΦΕΚ) A 190

Published works[edit]

(Excluding articles)

  1. Propagande et pressions en politique internationale. La Grèce et ses revendications à la Conférence de la Paix, 1919–1920 – Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1963.
  2. Yunan propagandası –İstanbul, Meydan Neşriyat, 1964. (2nd edition : İstanbul, Kaynak Kitaplar,1974)
  3. « La Grèce électorale », International Guide to Electoral Statistics (edited by Stein Rokkan and Jean Meyriat), Paris, Mouton, 1969.
  4. « La question chypriote », Encyclopaedia Universalis – Paris, vol.4, 1969.
  5. « De la Grèce byzantine à la Grèce contemporaine », Encyclopaedia Universalis – Paris, vol. 7, 1970.
  6. « Information et Décision. La Grèce face à l'invasion allemande dans les Balkans, 1940-1941», in La Guerre en Méditerranée – Paris, Centre national de la Recherche scientifique, 1971.
  7. « Nationalisme dans les Balkans : Etude comparée des révolutions turque de 1908 et grecque de 1909 », The Canadian Historical Association. Historical Papers 1971.
  8. Le rôle des experts à la Conférence de la Paix. Gestation d'une technocratie en politique internationale - Ottawa, Editions de l'Université d'Ottawa, 1972.
  9. « Evolution de l'élite politique grecque », Social Stratification and Development in the Mediterranean Basin (edited by M. B. Kiray) –Paris and The Hague, Mouton, 1973.
  10. Ἡ Ἑλλάς τῆς 4ης Αὐγούστου καί αἱ Μεγάλαι Δυνάμεις. Τά ἀρχεῖα τοῦ Ἑλληνικοῦ Ὑπουργείου Ἐξωτερικῶν, 1936-1941 - Athens, Ikaros, 1974. (2nd edition : Athens, Eleuthere Skepsis, 1990).
  11. « Greece », Balkanistica (edited by Kenneth E. Naylor) – Ann Arbor, Slavica Publishers, 1974.
  12. «Eleuthère Vénizélos», Hommes d'Etat célèbres – Paris, (edited by Sorbonne professor François Crouzet, Editions Mazenod, vol. 5, 1975.
  13. Omphalos, Poème – Paris, Pierre Jean Oswald, 1977.
  14. Ἑλλάς καί ξένοι, 1919-1967. Ἀπό τά ἀρχεῖα τοῦ Ἑλληνικοῦ Ὑπουργείου Ἐξωτερικῶν - Athens, Hestia, 1977.
  15. Συγκριτικὴ Ἱστορία Ἑλλάδος καὶ Τουρκίας στὸν 20ό αἰῶνα - Athens, Hestia, 1978. (2nd edition supplemented : Hestia, 1990. 3rd edition: Hestia, 1998).
  16. « Grande Idée et hellénoturquisme. Essai d'interprétation nouvelle de l'histoire néo-grecque », Actes du IIe Congrès international des Etudes du Sud-Est européen, 1970 – Athènes, Association internationale des Etudes du Sud-Est européen, 1978, tome III.
  17. Ὀμφαλός, Ποίημα – Athens, Kedros, 1979.
  18. Greece :Communism in a Non Western Setting», Communism and Political Systems in Western Europe (edited by D. E. Albright) – Boulder (Colorado), Westview Press, 1979, XXII.
  19. Yırmı Asırda Karşılaştırmalı Türk-Yunan Tarihi – İstanbul, Türk Dünyası Araştırmaları Dergisi, II-8, 1980. (20th Century Turkish-Greek Comparative History).
  20. Ἱστορία τοῦ ἑλληνοτουρκικοῦ χώρου ἀπό τόν Ἐ. Βενιζέλο στὸν Γ. Παπαδόπουλο, 1928-1973 - Athens, Hestia, 1981. (2nd edition supplemented : Hestia, 1995).
  21. « The Turkish-Greek War, 1919-1922, in World Perspective », International Conference on Atatürk. Proceedings - Vol. 2, doc.43, Istanbul, Bogaziçi University Press, 1981.
  22. « Bulgaria in Balkan History between the Two World Wars », Pervi Mejdunaroden Kongres po Bulgaristika Dokladi (First International Conference on Bulgarian Studies), Sofia, Bulgarian Academy of the Sciences, 1982.
  23. L' Orocc, dans l'âge de Kali. Poème – Sherbrooke (Québec), Naaman, 1985, illustrated.
  24. L'Empire ottoman – Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1985. (Collection « Que sais-je ? », no. 2222). 2nd ed. 1991. 3rd ed. 1994.
  25. « L'espace ottoman dans l'esprit de Charles de Moüy, dans la deuxième moitié du XIXe siècle », L'Empire ottoman, la République de Turquie et la France (edited by H. Batu) –Paris - Istanbul, Isis, 1986.
  26. « Κύπρος 1955-1959 : Τριτοκοσμικὴ συνειδητοποίηση καὶ ἐπιπτώσεις ἐπὶ τῆς Ἑλλάδος », Cypriot Studies Society. Proceedings of the 2nd International Cypriological Conference– vol. 3, Nicosia, 1987.
  27. Greek Synthetic Thought. An Opposition to Western Divisive Thought of the Renaissance – San Francisco, Bhaktivedanta Institute, 1988.
  28. Ἱστορία τῆς Ὀθωμανικῆς Αὐτοκρατορίας, 1280-1924 - Athens, Hestia, 1988, 244 pages (2nd ed., 1989, 3rd ed. expanded, 1996, 316 pages, 4th ed. 2003, 5th ed. 2013, 318 pages)
  29. « Populism, Eurocommunism and the Communist Party of Greece », Communist Parties in Western Europe (edited by M. Waller) – Oxford, Blackwell, 1988.
  30. « Le degré de puissance de l'Empire ottoman, au cours de la première guerre mondiale», La Moyenne Puissance au XXe siècle (edited by J.-C. Allain) – Paris, Institut d'Histoire des Conflits contemporains, 1988.
  31. El Imperio otomano – México, Fondo de Cultura Econόmica, 1989.
  32. Ὁ Ἄνδυς στὸν καιρὸ τῆς Καλῆς. Ποίημα - Athens, Hestia, 1989. (Illustrated by Georgette Κambani).
  33. « Les Turcs et la mer Egée : essai de géohistoire », Turquie, Moyen-Orient, Communauté européenne (edited by J. Thobie) – Paris, L'Harmattan, 1989.
  34. « Dimitri Kitsikis, œuvre poétique », Ecriture Franco-ontarienne d'aujourd'hui (edited by H.Bouraoui and J.Flamand) – Ottawa, Les Editions du Vermillon, 1989.
  35. Ἡ τρίτη ἰδεολογία καὶ ἡ Ὀρθοδοξία - Athens, Ακρίτας, 1990. (2nd edition, Hestia, 1998).
  36. «Ὀθωμανικὴ Αὐτοκρατορία», and «Τουρκία», Παγκόσμια Ἱστορία - Athens, τόμος Β', Ἐκδοτικὴ Ἀθηνῶν, 1990.
  37. Le paradis perdu sur les barricades. Poème – Athens, Akritas, 1993. (Illustrated by Turkish artist Mürşide İçmeli).
  38. «The Spreading of Western Satanism in Islamic and Orthodox Societies », First International Symposium on Orthodoxy and Islam 1990, Athens – Tehran, Iran, Center for International Cultural Studies, 1994.
  39. «Les anciens calendaristes, depuis 1923, et la montée de l'intégrisme en Grèce», Grèce : identités, territoires, voisinages, modernisations, (edited by P.Y. Péchoux), special edition of CEMOTI, no. 17, 1994.
  40. « Le concept de relations internationales et le service diplomatique ottoman au XXe siècle », Aspects of Ottoman History (edited by Amy Singer) – Jerusalem, The Hebrew University - Magnes Press, 1994.
  41. The Old Calendarists and the Rise of Religious Conservatism in Greece – Etna, California, Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies, 1995.
  42. « Faith as Seen by Jean-Jacques Rousseau and its Impact on Westernized Third World Societies », Second International Symposium on Orthodoxy and Islam 1992, Athens – Tehran, Iran, Center for International Cultural Studies, 1995.
  43. « Alevism as a Link between Orthodoxy and Islam », Third International Symposium on Orthodoxy and Islam 1994, Tehran – Tehran, Iran, Center for International Cultural Studies, 1995, IV-97
  44. Πτώση. Ποίημα - Athens, Ἀκρίτας, 1996. (Illustrated by Georgette Κambani).
  45. O Império otomano – Porto, Portugal, Rés Editora, 1996.
  46. « Ἡ εὐρωπαϊκὴ σκέψη τοῦ Παναγιώτη Κανελλόπουλου », Nea Hestia. A tribute to Panagiotes Kanellopoulos, 1902-1986 - Athens, Hestia, 1996.
  47. Türk-Yunan İmparatorluğu. Arabölge gerçeği ışığında Osmanlı Tarihine bakış – İstanbul, İletişim Yayınları, 1996. (The Turkish-Greek Empire. An inquiry into Ottoman History through the prism of the Intermediate Region).
  48. Ἐνδιάμεση Περιοχή – Quarterly journal issued and directed by Dimitri Kitsikis since the Fall of 1996.
  49. Osmanlijsko carstvo – Belgrad, Yugoslavia, Platon Editions, 1998.
  50. « Ἐνδιάμεση Περιοχὴ καὶ Ἑλληνισμός : ἀνθρωπογένεση καὶ ἀνθρωποσυντέλεια », Minutes of the 2nd Pan-Eleian Conference (edited by Anastos Demetropoulos) – Ancient Olympia, 1998.
  51. « Δημήτρης Κιτσίκης, Λέσβιος ποιητής »,Αnthology of Lesbian Poets (edited by Costas G. Missios) - Mytilene, 1998, vol. 10.
  52. « The Intermediate Region : A Common Civilization between the Adriatic Sea and the Indus River », Dialogue of Civilizations ? – Tehran, Iran, 1999.
  53. «Multiculturalism in the Ottoman Empire  : The Alevi Religious and Cultural Community », Multiculturalism and the History of International Relations from the 18th Century up to the Present (edited by Pierre Savard and Brunello Vigezzi) – Milano, Editioni Unicopli & Les Presses de l' Université d' Ottawa, 1999.
  54. « Women in Christian and Muslim Families », Woman and Family in Christian Orthodoxy and Islam - (Fourth International Congress on Orthodoxy and Islam, Athens, 1997) – Athens, Publications of the Greek Iranian League, 1999.
  55. « Géopolitique de la Région intermédiaire », Société Royale du Canada. Académie des Lettres et des Sciences humaines. Présentations – Ottawa, vol.52, 1999.
  56. Османската империя -Димитри Кицикис - ИК Кама,2000 -Osmanskata Imperija – Sofia, Bulgaria, Kama Editions, 2000.
  57. « Ἡ Ἐνδιάμεση Περιοχή », Γεωπολιτικὴ καὶ Ἑλλάδα (edited by K. Kouros) – Athens, Esoptron, 2001.
  58. Τὸ Βυζαντινὸ πρότυπο διακυβερνήσεως καὶ τὸ τέλος τοῦ κοινοβουλευτισμοῦ, Athens, Esoptron, 2001.
  59. « La structure politico-religieuse de la synallélie, en tant qu'antithèse du système occidental », Constructions identitaires et pratiques sociales (edited by Jean-Pierre Wallot) – Ottawa, Les Presses de l'Université d'Ottawa, 2002.
  60. Pour une Etude scientifique du fascisme – Nantes, Ars Magna Editions, (Les Documents), 2005.
  61. Jean-Jacques Rousseau et les origines françaises du fascisme – Nantes, Ars Magna Editions, (Les Documents), 2006.
  62. Le national-bolchevisme – Nantes, Ars Magna Editions, (Les Documents), 2006.
  63. На перекрестке цивилизаций: Поль Лемерль, История Византии. Димитрис Кицикис, Османская империя. Весь Мир, 2006 г. -Na perekrestke tsivilizatsiy : Istorija Vizantii- Osmanskaja Imperija (Paul Lemerle-D. Kitsikis) – Moscow, Ves Mir Editions, 2006. (Civilisations at the Crossroads : Byzantine History - Ottoman History).
  64. Ἡ σημασία τοῦ μπεκτασισμοῦ-ἀλεβισμοῦ γιὰ τὸν ἑλληνισμό - Athens, Hekate, 2006.
  65. Συγκριτικὴ Ἱστορία Ἑλλάδος-Κίνας ἀπὸ τὴν ἀρχαιότητα μέχρι σήμερα ("A Comparative History of Greece and China from Antiquity to the Present") - Athens, Herodotos Press, 2007, 346 pages.
  66. «Anti-Atatürk: A Psychological Portrait of Stergiades, “Dictator of Ionia” in 1919-1922, the Greek that failed to Conquer Turkey», Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of Eastern and African Studies, Gastoune, 2007.
  67. La montée du national-bolchevisme dans les Balkans. Le retour à la Serbie de 1830 – Paris, Avatar Editions, 2008.
  68. « Introduction : Beauté du mal », in Jacques Flamand, Décombres de la beauté, Ottawa, Editions du Vermillon, 2008.
  69. « Rumi, the Spirit of the Intermediate Region » in Symposium on Mevlana Celaleddin-Rumi and Intercultural and Civilization Dialogue-Proceedings, Toronto, Canadian Intercultural Dialogue Centre, 2008.
  70. « Ἀριστείδης Στεργιάδης » in Τὸ κτίριο Γερωνυμάκη-Στεργιάδη στὴ συνοικία Σουλτὰν Ἰμπραΐμ, Ἡράκλειο, Κρήτη, ΤΕΕ/ΤΑΚ, 2008 (Illustrated).
  71. « Stergiades: l'homme d'une mission impossible, 1919-1922 », in Aux vents des puissances (Jean-Marc Delaunay, éd), Paris, Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle, 2008.
  72. « Foreword », in Misbah Islam, Decline of Muslim States and Societies, Philadelphia, Xlibris, 2008.
  73. « Ottomanism and Fethullah Gülen: From Utopia to Reality »,in Dreaming for a Better World. Contributions of the Gulen Movement, Carleton University, Ottawa, October 24, 2009 (Intercultural Dialogue Institute).
  74. «Grèce. Le Synaspismos tiraillé entre social-démocratie et anarchisme» in "Les gauches radicales", Grande Europe, no. 16, janvier 2010, la Documentation française (special issue).
  75. Ἐθνικομπολσεβικισμός. Πέραν τοῦ φασισμοῦ καὶ τοῦ κομμουνισμοῦ. Ἡ ἐπιρροή του στὰ Βαλκάνια - Athens, Hellenike Anodos, 2010.
  76. « Foreword », in Kemal Karpat & Yetkin Yıdırım eds, The Ottoman Mosaic: Exploring models for Peace by re-Exploring the Past, Seattle, Cune Press, 2010.
  77. Saint Nicodemos the Hagiorite - Christian Morality - Belmont, Massachusetts, Institute for Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies, 2012. (Contribution to the translation)
  78. "Ἡ μαχομένη ἱστορικὴ λογοτεχνία στὸν Μεσοπόλεμο: ἀπὸ τὸν Δημήτρη Γληνό, στὸν Γιάννη Κορδᾶτο καὶ τὸν τὸν Γιάννη Ζέβγο", edited by Ἀθανάσιος Θ. Φωτόπουλος, Ἡ Νεοελληνικὴ Λογοτεχνία στὸν Μεσοπόλεμο. Ἱστορικὴ καὶ φιλολογικὴ προσέγγιση. (Πρακτικὰ Συνεδρίου, Πύργος Ἠλείας, 14-16 Μαΐου 2010),'Εκδόσεις Ἀναζήτηση, Πύργος Ἠλείας, 2012.
  79. "India-Spiritual Planet", in Abstracts of Presentations at the Three-Day International Seminar on the Importance of Early Indian Cultural Heritage in the Making of a Better World, Kolkatta, Indian Museum, 2012.
  80. "The Science of Popular Uprisings", edited by Dr. Murat Aktaş, The Arab Uprisings & The Struggle of Soft Powers in the Middle East, Ankara, Nobel, 2012.
  81. "Πρόλογος στὴν ἑλληνικὴ ἔκδοση", στο Alexander Dugin, Η τετάρτη πολιτκή θεωρία, Αθήνα, Έσοπτρον, 2013. (Introduction to the Greek Edition of Alexander Dugin, The Fourth Poliitical Theory)
  82. Περί Ηρώων: Οι ήρωες και η σημασία τους για τον σύγχρονο ελληνισμό («About Heroes: Heroes and their Importance for Contemporary Hellenism»)- Athens, Herodotos Press, 2014, 471 pages.

Articles in journals[edit]

Regular contributions to monthly journal Trito Mati (Athens), since 1999 and to quarterly Endiamese Perioche (Athens), since 1996, as well as many scholarly articles in: Revue historique; Revue d'Histoire moderne et contemporaine; Revue d'Histoire de la Deuxième Guerre Mondiale; Revue française de Science politique; Problems of Communism; Turcica; CEMOTI-Cahiers d'Etudes sur la Méditerranée orientale et le Monde Turco-iranien; Social History; Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire moderne; Informations universitaires en Relations internationales; Aquila; Revue d'Histoire diplomatique; Journal of Oriental and African Studies; Cahiers de Jeune Nation; Journal-Institute of Muslim Minorities Affairs; Diplomatiques; The Patristic and Byzantine Review; Relations internationales; Études internationales; Diplomatie; Ἀρχεῖον Οἰκονομικῶν καὶ Κοινωνικῶν Ἐπιστημῶν, Καινούρια Ἐποχή, Νέα Οἰκονομία, Βιομηχανικὴ Ἐπιθεώρηση, Τεχνικὰ Χρονικά, Πολιτικὴ Οἰκονομικὴ Ἔρευνα, Τότε, Πάντα, Παράδοση, Ἀρχιτεκτονική, Ἐποχές, Νέα Ἑστία, Σύγχρονα Θέματα, Ἑλληνοκινεζικὰ Χρονικά, Orthodox Tradition; Eurasia; The Greek Review of Social Research; Toplum ve Bilim; Aktüel; Moderne Welt-Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen; Grande Europe, and others. Also published are hundreds of newspaper articles.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ch. Raptis, Η γεωγραφία ως σύγχρονο εργαλείο πολιτικής επιβολής [Geography as a Present Day Instrument of Political Decision Making], Athens, Trito Mati, no. 223, September 2014, p.25.
  2. ^ Emmanuel G. Chalkiadakes, Τὸ Τεχνικὸ Ἐπιμελητήριο τῆς Ἑλλάδας στὸ Μεσοπόλεμο. Σύσταση, λειτουργία, ἐξέλιξη. Ὁ ρόλος τοῦ Νίκου Κιτσίκη, Athens, ΤΕΕ, 2003.
  3. ^ Euaggelos Ath. Kouloumpis, ΤΕΕ. Ἐνημερωτικό Δελτίο. Νίκος Κιτσίκης. Χιλιοστὸ ἀφιέρωμα, Athens, 1978.
  4. ^ Elle Pappa, Νίκος Κιτσίκης. Ὁ ἐπιστήμονας, ὁ ἄνθρωπος, ὁ πολιτικός, Athens, ΤΕΕ, 1986.
  5. ^ ΤΕΕ/ΤΑΚ, Τὸ κτίριο Γερωνυμάκη-Στεργιάδη, Ἡράκλειο, 2008.
  6. ^ Papyrus-Larousse, Athens, vol. 8ος, 1966. -Ὑδρία, Μεγάλη Γενική Ἐγκυκλοπαίδεια, Athens, vol. 33, 1984, -Δ.Σιατόπουλος, Γραμματολογικὴ καὶ Βιογραφικὴ Ἐγκυκλοπαίδεια τῆς Ἑλληνικής Λογοτεχνίας, Athens, 1981. -Greek Who's Who 1965, Athens. -Who's Who 1979. Βιογραφικὸ Λεξικὸ προσωπικοτήτων, Athens, 1979. -Who's Who. Ἐπίτομο Βιογραφικὸ Λεξικό, Athens, Metron, from 1992 - Hübners Who is Who, Verlag, Greece,from 2007. -Who's Who in the Balkans, Athens, Metron. - The International Who's Who, London, Europa Publications, from 1995 -Canadian Who's Who, Toronto, University of Toronto Press, from 1993 - Directory of American Scholars, USA. Dictionary of International Biography, Cambridge, UK. Men of Achievement, Cambridge, UK, from 1979. -Who's Who in the Commonwealth, Cambridge, UK. -International Who's Who of Intellectuals, Cambridge, UK. -The Directory of Distinguished Americans, USA, Personalities of America, USA, Biography International, USA. -World Who's Who, 2008, Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  7. ^ Γεώργιος Ἀλ. Φαρμακίδης, Δημήτριος Χατσόπουλος, 1844-1913 - Ατhènes, 1965.
  8. ^ Les réfugiés grecs d'Anatolie et le Centre d'Etudes micrasiatiques d'Athènes, Turcica, vol. 17, 1985, p. 227.
  9. ^ Ν. Μπατιστάτος, "Ἀπέδειξαν πὼς ἡ Ἑλλάδα δὲν εἶναι ψωροκώσταινα", Ριζοσπάστης, January 12, 2003.
  10. ^ "Runaway Anne Has a Double Wedding", Scottish Daily Express, 31 August 1955.
  11. ^ D. Kitsikis, Συγκριτικὴ Ἱστορία Ἑλλάδος-Κίνας, Athens, Herodotos, 2007
  12. ^ Τότε, issue 39, Winter 1992, Ares Moraites, "Τί μᾶς ἑνώνει καὶ τί μᾶς χωρίζει μὲ τὸν Δ. Κιτσίκη" and interview with Moraites and Alexandrou.
  13. ^ Greek Who's Who 1965, Athens.
  14. ^ Ἐποπτεία, year 7, June 1982, tribute by P. Dracopoulos and Νέα Κοινωνιολογία, 9th issue, Summer 1990, " Ἑλλάς-Τουρκία", a special tribute; article by Neocles Sarres.
  15. ^ D. Kitsikis, Ἡ σημασία τοῦ μπεκτασισμοῦ-ἀλεβισμοῦ γιὰ τὸν ἑλληνισμό, Athens, Hecate, 2006.
  16. ^ "Μεταξὺ δύο πυρῶν ἡ Ἑλλάδα", interview with D. Kitsikis by A. Balle, Τρίτο Μάτι, τ. 16–17, Summer 1992.
  17. ^ Amy Singer, Aspects of Ottoman History, Jerusalem, The Hebrew University, 1994.
  18. ^ T.D. Singh & Ravi Gomatam, Synthesis of Science and Religion, The Bhaktivedanta Institute, Bombay, 1988.
  19. ^ D. Kitsikis, The Old Calendarists and the Rise of Religious Conservatism in Greece, Etna, California, Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies, 1995.
  20. ^ University of Ottawa, Faculty of Arts, Department of History website, teaching staff.
  21. ^ See the list of works below
  22. ^ Jean-Marie Joly, «Pas un tapis volant, mais presque», Gazette, Université d'Ottawa, vol.II(7), 23 novembre 1990.
  23. ^ See the above Who's Who, reference 5.
  24. ^ In an interview by the Istanbul journal, Yeni Aktüel (September 25th, 2007) when professor Anthony Liakos was asked by the Turkish journalist from where Karamanlis took his ideas regarding a Greek-Turkish collaboration, he responded, “from Kitsikis.”
  25. ^ See the corresponding web page of Intermediate Region.
  26. ^ See the corresponding web page
  27. ^ From the publications concerning the same subject, see in Τότε, "Θέμα τοῦ τουρκικοῦ τύπου ἡ συνέντευξη Κιτσίκη", no.42, May–June 1993. Also, hear the one-hour interview between Metropolitan Hierotheos Vlachos and professor Fr. George Metallinos on the radio station of the Church of Greece, February 27, 1994, with exclusive topic the standpoint of Kitsikis. In the journal Πάντα, Athens, December 1994, "Ἡ πολιτικὴ σκέψη τοῦ Δημήτρη Κιτσίκη- Αζίζ Νεσίν καὶ Δημήτρης Κιτσίκης, οἱ δύο ἐκφραστές τοῦ ἑλληνοτουρκισμοῦ στὶς δύο ὄχθες τοῦ Αἰγαίου".
  28. ^ The journal Nokta, Istanbul, March 31st - April 6th, 1996, p.45, declaration by Turkish Prime Minister Mesut Yılmaz.
  29. ^ G. Alexandrou, Ἑλληνοτουρκικὴ ὁμοσπονδία. Τὰ ἀπόκρυφα σχέδια τοῦ κ. Ὀζάλ, Greek Forum, year 17, issue 9/195, October, 1990, pp. 60-63 and Ἐπίτομο Βιογραφικὸ Λεξικό, 2004, Athens, Metron, p. 417.
  30. ^ Referring to articles by Kitsikis upon travelling to the People's Republic of China, in Νέα, January 27th and 28th,1958, in Πολιτικὴ Οἰκονομικὴ Ἔρευνα, January 14, 1959 and in Τεχνικὰ Χρονικά, February 15, 1959.
  31. ^ "Περὶ Ὀθωμανικῆς Αὐτοκρατορίας", Ἡ Καθημερινή, December 18, 1988.
  32. ^ D. Kitsikis, Ἱστορία τῆς Ὀθωμανικῆς Αὐτοκρατορίας, Hestia Books
  33. ^ See his numerous articles against Parliamentarianism in the journal Ἐνδιάμεση Περιοχή (Intermediate Region). Also, "Ἡ ἑλληνική Λαοκρατία", in Τρίτο Μάτι, issue 90, November 2000 and his book, Τὸ Βυζαντινὸ πρότυπο διακυβερνήσεως καὶ τὸ τέλος τοῦ κοινοβουλευτισμοῦ, Esoptron, 2001.
  34. ^ Pierre Renouvin & J.-B. Duroselle, Introduction à l'histoire des Relations internationales, Paris, Armand Colin, 1964, pp. 406-407. Also, J.-B. Duroselle, Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire moderne, Paris, no. 66(1), 1967, p.14. Also, Maurice Baumont, «La Grèce en 1919-1920», Le Monde, Paris, January 16th, 1964, p.2, and Τὸ Βῆμα, January 17th, 1964.
  35. ^ D. Kitsikis, Le rôle des experts à la Conférence de la Paix de 1919'. Gestation d'une technocratie en politique internationale, Ottawa, Editions de l'Université d'Ottawa, 1972 and University of Toronto Quarterly, Summer 1973, pp.462-463.
  36. ^ Dialogue of Civilizations, Tehran, 1999. Also, Mevlana Celaleddin Rumi and Intercultural and Civilization Dialogue Proceedings, Toronto, Canadian Intercultural Dialogue Centre, 2008. See also "Τὸ μέλλον τοῦ τουρκικοῦ Ἰσλάμ", Τρίτο Μάτι, issue 109, January 2003.
  37. ^ Aquila, Québec, from Summer 1998. Also, Cahiers de Jeune Nation, Québec, from April 1992. See also D. Kitsikis, "Ἑλληνοκεντρισμὸς καὶ παγκοσμισμός", Τρίτο Μάτι, January 2000.
  38. ^ D. Kitsikis, "Τὸ μοντέλο τῆς τρίτης ἰδεολογίας", pp. 233--253, in Ἡ τρίτη ἰδεολογία καὶ ἡ Ὀρθοδοξία, Athens, Hestia Books, 1998.
  39. ^ "Ἡ Φωτοϊστορία" , p. 64-72 in Τότε, issue 30(3), January 1988.
  40. ^ See the list of works below. Also, Costas G. Missios, Ἀνθολόγιο Λεσβίων ποιητῶν, vol. 10, Mytilene 1998, pp. 152-155 and D. Siatopoulos, Γραμματολογικὴ καὶ βιογραφικὴ ἐγκυκλοπαίδεια τῆς ἑλληνικῆς λογοτεχνίας, Athens, 1981, vol. 2, p.154.
  41. ^ First İpekçi prize in poetry: see Meydan-Larousse, ek 3, 1992, vol. XV, (Abdi Ipekçi ödülü), Istanbul.
  42. ^ H. Bouraoui et J. Flamand (eds), Ecriture franco-ontarienne d'aujourd'hui, Ottawa, Les Editions du Vermillon, 1989.
  43. ^ M. et P. Karch, Ottawa, Editions L'Interligne, 1996.
  44. ^ Γεωργία Καμπάνη, Ποιητικὴ καὶ Εἰκαστικὴ Ἀνθολογία. Διάλογος ποίησης καὶ ζωγραφικῆς, Athens, Costas Spanou Editions, 2006. Also, Georgette Kambani, Poèmes, peintures, symboles, Ottawa, Les Editions du Vermillon, 1998.
  45. ^ See the related articles in the journals Ἐνδιάμεση Περιοχή and Τρίτο Μάτι. In the latter, Kitsikis agrees to contribute under the condition that his articles be published in polytonic Greek. See his related letter in p. 70 of issue 109, January 2003.
  46. ^ P. Davarinos, Geschichtsschreibung und Politik ("Historiography and Politics"), Düsseldorf, Heinrich Heine University, 1995. Also, P. Davarinos, «Die Historische Theorie der Zwischenregion in Osten und Westen», Journal of Oriental and African Studies, vol. 10, 1999, s.131-143.
  47. ^ Robert H. Keyserlingk, "Dimitri Kitsikis", pp.125-130 in Royal Society of Canada, issue 52, Ottawa, 1999.
  48. ^ "Ἡ ανατολικὴ παράταξη στὴν Ελλάδα", Τότε, issue 27, August 1985.
  49. ^ Ares Moraites, "Γιατί δημοσιεύονται στὸ Τότε οἱ ἀπόψεις τῶν ελληνοτουρκιστῶν", Τότε, issue 48, May–June 1994. Also, "Ελληνοτουρκισμός", Τρίτο Μάτι, issue 38, September 1994. And, "Τὰ σχέδια τοῦ Ἑλληνοτουρκισμοῦ", Τύπος τῆς Κυριακῆς, Athens, April 14th, 1996. Also, "Tanınmış Yunanlı Tarihçi Kitsikis ["The Famous Greek Historian Kitsikis"], Nokta, Istanbul, March 31st - Απριλίου 6th,1996, pp.44-49. And Fr. G. D. Metallenos, Ἡ ρωμαίϊκὴ πλευρὰ τοῦ ἑλληνοτουρκισμοῦ", Τότε, no. 45, November – December 1993. And I. Loukas, "Τεκτονικὲς οἱ ρίζες τοῦ ἑλληνοτουρκισμοῦ", Τότε, no. 42, May – June 1993. Also, Costas Chatziantoniou, "Τὸ μετέωρο βήμα τῆς τουρκολαγνείας. Μία ἀπάντηση στὴ θεωρία τοῦ ἑλληνοτουρκισμοῦ", Τότε, no. 48, May – June 1994.
  50. ^ D. Kitsikis, Ἱστορία τῆς Ὀθωμανικῆς Αὐτοκρατορίας, Hestia Books. Also, " Ἡ συμμαχία Ἑλλάδας-Ἀλεβίδων-Ἰσραήλ θὰ διαλύσει τὴν Τουρκία", interview of Kitsikis by Aris Moraites, Τότε, issue 57, November – December 1995.
  51. ^ Ἱστορία Ἑλλάδος-Κίνας ἀπὸ τὴν ἀρχαιότητα μέχρι σήμερα, Athens, Herodotos, 2007

External links[edit]