Dogfish Head Brewery
"Off-centered ales for off-centered people"
|Headquarters||Milton, Delaware, USA|
|Production output||75,000 US beer barrels (8,800,000 l; 2,300,000 US gal; 1,900,000 imp gal)|
Dogfish Head Brewery is a brewing company based in Milton, Delaware founded by Sam Calagione. It opened in 1995 and produces 75,000 barrels of beer annually. Dogfish Head has been a rapidly growing brewery - it grew nearly 400% in between 2003 and 2006. The brewery was featured prominently in the documentary Beer Wars, and is the subject of the Discovery Channel series Brew Masters, which premiered Sunday, November 21, 2010. The brewery takes its name from Dogfish Head, Maine where founder Sam Calagione spent summers as a child.
Dogfish Head's output tends toward experimental or "extreme" beers, such as their tongue-in-cheek "Liquor de Malt," a bottle-conditioned malt liquor which typically comes in its own brown paper bag. Their products often use non-standard ingredients, such as green raisins in their "Raison D'Être". Some of their beers, including the WorldWide Stout, 120 Minute India Pale Ale, and the raspberry-flavored strong ale Fort, are highly alcoholic, reaching 18% to 20% alcohol by volume (typical beers have around 3% to 7% alcohol by volume).
One of Dogfish Head's more notable odd beers was a green beer called Verdi Verdi Good, produced in 2005 and sold only on draft. The beer was not colored green artificially; rather, the green color was derived from brewing a Dortmunder style beer that contained spirulina, or blue-green algae.
Pangaea, first released in 2003, is a Belgian-style strong pale ale made with ingredients from every continent on Earth, including: crystallized ginger from Australia, water from Antarctica, Basmati rice from Asia, and more. The name Pangaea refers to the eponymous super-continent which existed about 250 million years ago.
Dogfish Head's signature product is its line of India Pale Ales (IPAs), which are offered in three varieties: 60 Minute, 90 Minute, and 120 Minute IPA. Their names refer to the length of the boil time of the wort in which the hops are continuously added. The longer hops are boiled, the more hop isomerization takes place, and the more bitterness is imparted to the beer. The 60 Minute is described by the company as "A session IPA brewed with Warrior, Amarillo and Mystery Hop X. Bottle-conditioned 6-packs and draft available. 60 IBUs." To further enhance their beers, Dogfish Head introduced a device in 2003 jokingly called Randall the Enamel Animal, an "organoleptic hop transducer module" which "Randallizes" a given beer by passing the beer through a large plastic tube filled with a flavor enhancer, often raw hops though adaptations with fruits and coffee beans, amongst others, have taken place. The alcohol in the beer lifts oils off the raw hops and imparts even more hop flavor and aroma to beers that were already hoppy to begin with.
A fourth IPA variety, the 75 Minute IPA, was developed in 2008, and is currently produced in very limited quantities, and typically distributed to vendors in firkins. The beer—nicknamed "Johnny Cask" and featuring a mascot resembling a young Johnny Cash tapping a firkin with a mallet—is made from a mixture of the 60 and 90 Minutes IPAs, and undergoes a separate cask conditioning which further includes the addition of maple syrup. As a variation on the 75 Minute IPA, the Alehouse 75 is also available. It is a mixture of the 60 and 90 Minute offerings, yet is served in a standard Sankey-style keg, rather than a firkin.
Ancient Ales 
In the late 90s, Dogfish Head started a unique "Ancient Ales" series, in which beer recipes were created based upon the chemical analysis of residue found on pottery and drinking vessels from various archaeological sites. These beers have been produced in collaboration with molecular archaeologist Dr. Pat McGovern of the University of Pennsylvania. As of 2010, four such brews have been crafted, and only one (Midas Touch) is produced year round. The others are produced on a limited basis.
- Midas Touch Golden Elixir (first released in 1999). A strong ale based on residue found on drinking vessels from the tomb of King Midas, dating back to the 8th century BC. Defining ingredients include Muscat grapes, honey, and saffron. (See section below for more information.)
- Chateau Jiahu (first released in 2006). A spiced strong ale based on residue from pottery found in the Neolithic village of Jiahu (in central China), dating to the 7th millennium BC. Some defining ingredients include rice flakes, wildflower honey, hawthorn fruit, and Chrysanthemum flowers. As of 2009, this is the oldest known beer recipe to be brewed in the modern age.
- Theobroma (first released in 2008). A chocolate beer based on residue found on pottery discovered in Honduras dating to approximately 1200 BC. Some defining ingredients include Aztec cocoa powder, honey, and annatto.
- Ta Henket (first released in 2010, bottles released in late 2011). This beer was created to incorporate ancient ingredients and techniques described in Egyptian hieroglyphics. It was brewed with emmer, loaves of hearth baked bread, dom-palm fruit, chamomile, and zatar. Fermentation was carried out by a native Egyptian saccharomyces wild yeast strain captured from the air in Egypt.
Midas Touch 
Midas Touch Golden Elixir, marketed as Midas Touch, was first marketed in June 2001. The recipe for this beverage is based on the chemical analysis of residues found in clay vessels believed to date back to the 8th century BC. Originally discovered in Gordium, Turkey during a 1957 dig by archaeologist Rodney Young, the content of these vessels was left unknown for 40 years. In 1997, molecular archeologist Dr. Patrick McGovern received a phone call from a former student of his informing him of a residue on clay jars from the tomb of King Midas. Dr. McGovern quickly did chemical analysis finding all aspects of the drink except for the spicing agent but made an assumption of saffron due to regional availability.
In March 2000 the owner of Dogfish Head Brewery, Sam Calagione, attended a special dinner for beer writer Michael Jackson. At this time Dr. McGovern and Mr. Calagione met and discussed recreating the brew. In early 2001 the new beverage was served at a dinner recreating the funeral feast of King Midas. At $150 a plate the meal was a benefit to support the Chemical Archaeology program at University of Pennsylvania.
Dogfish Head brewery dispenses approximately 1,700-1,800 cases per month to distributors. At the time of discovery Midas Touch Golden Elixir was the oldest fermented beverage recipe discovered. Dogfish Head brewery still today holds the record with a 9,000 yr old recipe used for Chateau Jiahu, which was released in July 2007.
The ingredients for the original 7.5% abv recipe in 2001 included yellow muscat grapes, lightly toasted 2-row barley malt, thyme, honey and saffron. The ingredients for the 9% abv recipe include barley, white Muscat grapes, honey and saffron.
Noble Rot 
In 2010, Sam Calagione collaborated with Washington winemaker Jarrod Boyle of Alexandria Nicole Cellars to produce a "hybrid" beer-wine beverage labeled Noble rot. A saison-style beer, the brewery uses botrytis-infected Viognier and Pinot gris grapes from Alexandria Nicole's Destiny Ridge Vineyard in the Horse Heaven Hills AVA in the brew. This results in a beer with 49.5% of the fermentable sugars coming from grapes that finishes with a 9% alcohol level. Alexandria Nicole presses the grapes, leaving the skins with the must, and Dogfish co-ferments the Viognier and grains while adding the Pinot gris later in the process. In 2012, the beer went nationwide in the United States in more than 27 states from coast to coast and was received favorably critical acclaim.
In 2009, the Dogfish Head team began experimenting to produce their own version of the traditional Finnish-style beer called sahti. Traditional sahti is brewed with a variety of grains, malted and unmalted, including barley, rye, wheat, and oats; then flavored with juniper berries in addition to, or instead of, hops. The old-school style of brewing sahti also includes the step of heating hot rocks over a fire and using them to boil the wort. They departed from the traditional recipe, however, with the creative inclusion of Maya Tea Company's Original Chai tea in their brew, resulting in a rich, malty, and lightly spiced brew.
Dogfish Head also operates a microdistillery at the Rehoboth Beach brewpub. Spirits are hand-distilled in a small pot still and often, like their beers, tend toward unique and non-traditional formulations. The distillery is very small; Dogfish Head spirits are distributed only in Delaware and a handful of other states. Select brews (including many of the brewery's seasonal and one-off selections) can be found in 27 states across the country. Dogfish Head also licenses "Dogfish Head Alehouse" with three locations in Gaithersburg, Maryland, Falls Church, Virginia, and Fairfax, Virginia. Beer-paired food and vintage bottles of Dogfish's seasonal beers are available at their alehouses, as well as kegged offerings of their staple beers.
List of beers brewed 
|Name||Original Release Date||Availability||Style||ABV%||IBU|
|60 Minute IPA||Feb 2003||Year Round||IPA||6.0||60|
|90 Minute IPA||Apr 2001||Year Round||IPA||9.0||90|
|Indian Brown Ale||Dec 1999||Year Round||Brown Ale brewed as a mix with an IPA and Scotch ale||7.2||50|
|Lawnmower||Jul 2007||Limited, Draft Only||American Pale Ale||4.0||9|
|Midas Touch||Mar 1999||Year Round||Herbed/Spiced Beer  brewed with honey, white muscat grapes, and saffron||9.0||12|
|Palo Santo Marron||Dec 2007||Year Round||Unfiltered Brown Ale fermented in Paraguayan palo santo wood||12.0||50|
|Raison D'Etre||Mar 1998||Year Round||Belgian Strong Dark Ale brewed with beet sugar, raisins||8.0||25|
|Shelter Pale Ale||Jun 1995||Year Round||Pale Ale||5.0||30|
|120 Minute IPA||Apr 2003||Limited||IPA||18.0||120|
|Bitches Brew||Jun 2010||Limited||Imperial Stout mixed with Tej||9.0||38|
|Black & Blue||Feb 2007||Limited||Belgian style Fruit Beer fermented with blackberries and blueberries||10.0||25|
|Burton Baton||Nov 2004||Year Round||English Old Ale mixed with Imperial IPA||10.0||70|
|Chateau Jiahu||Jul 2006||Limited||Herbed/Spiced Beer brewed with orange blossom honey, muscat grapes and hawthorn berry||10.0||10|
|Fort||Oct 2005||Limited||Fruit Beer brewed with over a ton of pureed raspberries||18.0||49|
|Hardtack||Mar 2011||Limited||Barley wine brewed with Tibetan purple highland prairie barley, agave nectar, rhodiola rosea, dried sour cherries, and aged for two months in port wine barrels filled with forty pounds of sour morello cherries||10.0||40|
|Hellhound On My Ale||May 2011||Limited||IPA brewed with dried lemon peels and flesh||10.0||100|
|Immort Ale||Jul 1997||Limited||American Strong ale brewed with maple syrup, peat-smoked barley, juniper berries, and vanilla||11.0||50|
|Liquor De Malt||Feb 2009||Not Available||Malt Liquor|
|My Antonia||Oct 2008||Limited||Imperial Pilsner||7.5|
|Namaste||Jun 2009||Limited||Witbier brewed with dried organic orange slices, fresh cut lemongrass, and coriander||5.0||20|
|Noble Rot||Feb 2011||Limited||Saison fermented with Botrytis-infected Viognier and Pinot gris grapes and Botrytis wine must||8.3||35|
|Olde School Barleywine||Oct 2002||Limited||Barley wine||15.0||85|
|Pangaea||Nov 2003||Limited||Herbed/Spiced Beer brewed with ingredients from every continent including Australian crystallized ginger, water from Antarctica, Asian basmati rice, African muscavado sugar, South American quinoa, European yeast, and North American maize||7.0||28|
|Red & White||Jan 2007||Limited||Witbier fermented with Pinot noir juice||10.0||35|
|Sah'tea||May 2009||Limited||Sahti brewed with rye, juniper berries, black tea, cardamom, cinnamon, ginger, cloves, black pepper, and wort caramelized over hot rocks||9.0||6|
|Squall IPA||May 2009||Limited||Unfiltered, bottle-conditioned Imperial IPA||9.0|
|Theobroma||May 2008||Limited||Chili Beer brewed with Aztec cocoa powder, cocoa nibs, honey, chilies, and annatto||9.0|
|World Wide Stout||Dec 1999||Limited||Imperial Stout||18.0||70|
|Aprihop||Mar 2004||Seasonal||American IPA brewed with apricots||7.0||50|
|Chicory Stout||Jul 1995||Seasonal||Stout brewed with roasted chicory, organic Mexican coffee, St. John's Wort, and licorice root||5.2||21|
|Festina Pêche||Jun 2007||Seasonal||Berliner Weisse fermented with peaches||4.5||8|
|Punkin Ale||Nov 1994||Seasonal||Brown Ale brewed with pumpkin, brown sugar, and spices||7.0||28|
|Tweason'ale||July 2011||Seasonal||Gluten-free beer brewed with strawberries and buckwheat honey||6.0|
|Wrath of Pecant||Feb 2010||Limited/Collaboration||Brown Ale brewed in collaboration with Beer Advocate for Extreme Beer Fest 2010 with pecan-wood smoked malt, plantains, and carob||6.0||35|
|Portamarillo||2010||Limited/Collaboration||Porter brewed in collaboration with Epic Brewing Company of New Zealand fermented with tamarillo which were smoked using wood chips from the Pohutakawa tree||7.0||50|
|Life & Limb||Oct 2009||Limited/Collaboration||American Strong ale brewed in collaboration with Sierra Nevada Brewing with pure maple syrup from the Calagione family farm in Massachusetts and estate barley grown at the Sierra Nevada brewery in Chico, California, then carbonated with birch syrup fresh from Alaska||10.0|
|Saison du BUFF||2010||Limited/Collaboration||Saison/Farmhouse ale brewed in collaboration with Stone Brewing Company and Victory Brewing Company once at each brewery with different ingredient ratios. Brewed with parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme.||6.0|
|Poppa Skull||2010||Limited/Collaboration||Belgian Strong Dark Ale brewed in collaboration with Three Floyds Brewing spiced with cardamom. Aged on palo santo[disambiguation needed] wood and in oak brandy barrels||10.0|
|Repoterroir||2011||Limited/Collaboration||Lager brewed in collaboration with Sierra Nevada Brewing, Avery Brewing Company, Allagash Brewing Company, and Lost Abbey. A distinct lager with native terroir from Sierra Nevada (wild rice, beets, cucumber, mint, and carrots), Avery (alfalfa honey), Allagash (purple potatoes), Dogfish Head (Atlantic "beach" wood), and Lost Abbey (Pacific "beach" wood).||5.5|
Brew Masters 
Sam Calagione and the brewery were the focus of Brew Masters, a Discovery Channel series that gave viewers an inside look at the brewery's operations, starting with the recipe development process and through the bottling and packaging process. The series premiered on Sunday, November 21, 2010 with an episode focusing on the creation of the Bitches Brew beer to commemorate the Miles Davis album of the same name. The final episode aired on December, 16th 2011 and chronicled the brewing of Chateau Jiahu, one of their Ancient Ales.
Birreria at Eataly 
Dogfish Head will be one of the main partners in Birreria, the roof-top brewpub being constructed at Mario Batali's Eataly project in New York City. They had originally planned on collaborating with 3 other breweries - Russian River Brewing Company, as well as Birrificio Le Baladin and Birra del Borgo, both from Italy, but Russian River Brewing Company withdrew. They aim to craft rustic, artisanal beers that will pair directly with food served at the restaurant. The beers will be brewed in a copper-clad brewing system and will be unpasteurized, unfiltered, naturally carbonated, and hand-pulled through traditional beer engines, recalling old world Italian craft brewing. The Eataly brewpub opened in 2011.
Extreme Beer Fest 
Dogfish Head is the annual lead sponsor of Beer Advocate's Extreme Beer Fest in Boston, Mass. Each year, Dogfish Head brews a special beer for the festival in collaboration with the Alström brothers of Beer Advocate. This special beer's name is voted on by visitors to the Beer Advocate website. The beer brewed for 2010's festival was "Wrath of Pecant". In addition to the year's special beer, Dogfish Head (like most other breweries) bring specially-altered version of normal beers such as 120 minute IPA pressurized through whole-leaf hops, Red & White pressurized through orange peels, and World Wide Stout pressurized through espresso beans in 2010.
- Bilger, Burkhard (November 24, 2008). "A Better Brew: The rise of extreme beer". The New Yorker.
- Perman, Stacy (November 19, 2007). "Dogfish Head: Brewing Up Relationships". BusinessWeek. "In 1995, Calagione opened...Dogfish Head Brewings & Eats, in Rehoboth Beach."
- Delaware Governor's Office (February 3, 2005). "Dogfish Head Brewery Receives ... Loan to Update its Manufacturing Facility". Archived from the original on 2007-05-21. "Dogfish Head Craft Brewery opened in 1995..."
- Spence, Kevin (December 21, 2008). "Dogfish Head beer: Luxury meets affordability: Sales continue to soar in Milton". Cape Gazette.
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- Dogfish Head. "Pangaea". The Brews: Occasional Rarities.
- Dogfish Announces 75 Minute IPA Simul-cask.
- Dogfish Head (August 2006). "Chateau Jiahu". The Brews: Occasional Rarities.
- Modern Brewery Age (July 22, 2002). "Recreating King Midas' Golden Elixir: in collaboration with the University of Pennsylvania, an American brewer makes a beer for the ages". Modern Brewery Age.
- "9,000-Year-Old Beer Re-Created From Chinese Recipe". News.nationalgeographic.com. 2010-10-28. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- "Penn Museum - Penn Museum". Museum.upenn.edu. 2012-01-26. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- "Midas Touch". The Brews: Year Round Beers. Dogfish Head.
- Andrew Nagy "Dogfish Head Turns Wine into Beer" Cigar Aficionado, February 3rd, 2012
- Greg Kitsock "Dogfish’s Noble Rot blurs line between wine and beer" Washington Post February 27th, 2012
- Jim Galligan "Beer from fungus-infected grapes is anything but rotten" MSNBC, February 23rd, 2012
- Dogfish Head Brews Sah'tea, mariah, Dogfish Head News, 5 May 2009.
- Erace, Adam (September 10, 2007). "Fresh, Local Beer". AroundPhilly.com.
- BeerAdvocate.com, Inc. - Jason and Todd Alström. "Dogfish Head Craft Brewery - Milton, DE - Beers". BeerAdvocate. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- BeerAdvocate.com, Inc. - Jason and Todd Alström. "Chile Beer". BeerAdvocate. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- "The Brews". Dogfish Head Brewery. Retrieved 2010-08-09.
- "Dogfish Collaborates With 3 Brewers, Batali & Bastianich on NYC Brewpub | Dogfish Head Craft Brewed Ales". Dogfish.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- BeerAdvocate. "Extreme Beer Fest (EBF)". Beeradvocate.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17.