Dutch general election, 2003

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Dutch general election, 2003
Netherlands
2002 ←
22 January 2003
→ 2006

All 150 seats to the House of Representatives
76 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Jan Peter Balkenende Wouter Bos Gerrit Zalm
Leader Jan Peter Balkenende Wouter Bos Gerrit Zalm
Party CDA PvdA VVD
Leader since 2001 2002 2002
Last election 43 seats, 27.9% 23 seats, 15.1% 24 seats, 15.5%
Seats won 44 42 28
Seat change Increase1 Increase19 Increase4
Popular vote 2.763.480 2.631.363 1.728.707
Percentage 28.6% 27.2% 17.9%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Jan Marijnissen Femke Halsema
Leader Jan Marijnissen Mat Herben Femke Halsema
Party SP LPF GL
Leader since 1988 2002 2002
Last election 9 seats, 5.9% 26 seats, 17.0% 10 seats, 7.0%
Seats won 9 8 8
Seat change Steady0 Decrease18 Decrease2
Popular vote 609.723 549.975 495.802
Percentage 6.3% 5.6% 5.1%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Thom de Graaf André Rouvoet Bas van der Vlies
Leader Thom de Graaf André Rouvoet Bas van der Vlies
Party D66 CU SGP
Leader since 1998 2002 1986
Last election 7 seats, 5.1% 4 seats, 2.5% 2 seats, 1.7%
Seats won 6 3 3
Seat change Decrease1 Decrease1 Steady0
Popular vote 393,333 204,694 150.305
Percentage 4.0% 2.1% 1.5%

Tweede Kamerverkiezingen 2003.png


Prime Minister before election

Jan Peter Balkenende
CDA

Prime Minister

Jan Peter Balkenende
CDA

General elections were held in the Netherlands on 22 January 2003.[1]

Background[edit]

The election was held following the resignation of the first Balkenende cabinet on 16 October 2002 after conflicts attributed to the LPF, the new party of the already deceased Pim Fortuyn.

In the early days of the campaign the CDA of incumbent prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende and the VVD, the smallest coalition party, saw a major lead.

After TV debates the PvdA (which had experienced a landslide defeat in the 2002 general election) of opposition leader Wouter Bos caught up, overtaking the VVD and regaining some of the territory lost in the previous election. The PvdA also held a leadership election which got the party considerable attention.

Results[edit]

The LPF lost as spectacularly as it won in 2002, with its seat count dropping from 26 to 8.

The exciting race of which party would become the largest was eventually won by the CDA, which went from 43 to 44 seats, ensuring a continuation of Balkenende’s career as prime minister.

Most of the smaller parties on both the left and right side did not experience significant changes. Several other parties (among them Leefbaar Nederland, a 2002 newcomer) didn’t manage to get over the threshold and thus gained no seats. They are not listed here.

After severe disagreements had frustrated the formation of a CDA-PvdA cabinet, a CDA-VVD-D66 cabinet was formed on 27 May 2003, with Balkenende as prime minister.

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Christian Democratic Appeal 2,763,480 28.6 44 +1
Labour Party 2,631,363 27.3 42 +19
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 1,728,707 17.9 28 +4
Socialist Party 609,723 6.3 9 0
Pim Fortuyn List 549,975 5.7 8 –18
GreenLeft 495,802 5.1 8 –2
Democrats 66 393,333 4.1 6 –1
ChristianUnion 204,649 2.1 3 –1
Reformed Political Party 150,305 1.6 2 0
Party for the Animals 47,754 0.5 0 New
Livable Netherlands 38,894 0.4 0 –2
Party for the Future 13,845 0.1 0 0
Ratelband List 9,045 0.1 0 New
Durable Netherlands 7,271 0.1 0 0
New Communist Party of the Netherlands 4,854 0.1 0 New
Conservatieven.nl 2,521 0.0 0 New
Progressive Integration Party 1,623 0.0 0 New
Alliance for Renewal and Democracy 990 0.0 0 New
Veldhoen List 296 0.0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 12,127
Total 9,666,602 100 150 0
Registered voters/turnout 12,076,711 79.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, European Elections Database
Popular Vote
CDA
  
28.62%
PvdA
  
27.26%
VVD
  
17.91%
SP
  
6.32%
LPF
  
5.70%
GL
  
5.14%
D66
  
4.07%
CU
  
2.12%
SGP
  
1.56%
PvdD
  
0.49%
Other
  
0.82%

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1396 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7