Eastern Front of the Russian Civil War

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Eastern Front
Part of the Russian Civil War
Date May 1918 – June 1923
Location Volga, Ural, Siberia, Far East, Mongolia
Result Decisive Red Army victory; collapse of Kolchakist army.
Belligerents
White Movement :

Kolchak (blason).jpg Russian Government
Flag of the Ural government (1918).svg Komuch(1918)
Russia Priamur Government(1921-1922)
Mongolia (May–August 1921)
Allied Powers
 Japan
 United States
 United Kingdom

France France
 Italy
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
Poland Poland
Republic of China (1912–1949) China

Green Ukraine

Buryat-Mongolia


Mongolia
Bolshevik:

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Russian SFSR
Far Eastern Republic
Mongolian communists

Commanders and leaders
Kolchak (blason).jpg Alexander Kolchak 

Bandera de Bakio.svg Grigory Semyonov
Flag of Russia.svg Alexander Dutov 
Flag of Russia.svg Vladimir Kappel
Flag of Russia.svg Mikhail Diterikhs
Flag of Russia.svg Ungern-Sternberg 
Flag of Russia.svg Anatoly Pepelyayev
Flag of Russia.svg Mikhail Korobeinikov

Yuri Hlushko-Mova

Khreschatitsky
Bogd Khan

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Leon Trotsky

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Mikhail Tukhachevsky
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Mikhail Frunze
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Vasily Blyukher
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Mikhail Muravyov
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Aleksandr Samoilov
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Fyodor Raskolnikov
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Mikhail Velikanov
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic Ivan Strod
Damdin Sükhbaatar

Strength
Flag of Russia.svg Ural Army - 25,000

Bandera de Bakio.svg Siberian Army - 80,000
Flag of Russia.svg Orenburg Independent Army - 50,000
Flag of Russia.svg Western Army of White Movement - 51,000
Czechoslovakia Czech Legion - 42,000
Russia People Army of Komuch - ~10,000
Bandits 50,000
Others ~ 100,000
White Total:
~ 400,000

~5,000 Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic 5 Field Armies of about 12,000-50,000 men each

Total:
~ 600,000

Casualties and losses
250,000-400,000 150,000-300,000

In May 1918, soldiers of the Czechoslovak Legion revolted against the Bolsheviks in Chelyabinsk. They were angry because the Bolsheviks had ordered the Czechoslovak troops to disarm, breaking former agreements. The Legion was trying to evacuate to the Western Front to continue the fight against the Central powers, but after the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk in March, the Bolsheviks no longer supported this move.[1] The revolt quickly spread across Siberia, because the Czechoslovaks used the Trans-Siberian Railway to move their troops east quickly and because they were supported by local uprisings instigated by Russian army officers. When the uprising reached Yekaterinburg, the former Tsar and his family who were being held there by the Bolsheviks were executed to prevent their capture by the Whites. By the end of August, Vladivostok was in Czechoslovak hands.[2] In the power vacuum left by the departure of the Bolsheviks multiple White Movement governments were established, most importantly KOMUCH at Samara and the Provisional Siberian Government. KOMUCH quickly ordered a general mobilisation, but its troops were small and badly trained. The Czechoslovaks allied with KOMUCH and advanced to the west, taking Kazan, where they captured the tsar's gold reserves which had been moved east for safekeeping.[3]

In Petrograd, Lenin had called upon factory workers to be dispatched to the Eastern Front.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bullock 2008, p. 44-46.
  2. ^ Bullock 2008, p. 46.
  3. ^ Bullock 2008, p. 46-48.

References[edit]