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Edith Grossman (born March 22, 1936) is an award-winning American Spanish-to-English literary translator. She is one of the most important translators of Latin American fiction in the past century, translating the works of Nobel laureate Mario Vargas Llosa, Nobel laureate Gabriel García Márquez, Mayra Montero, Augusto Monterroso, Jaime Manrique, Julián Ríos and of Álvaro Mutis.
In a speech delivered at the 2003 PEN Tribute to Gabriel García Márquez, in 2003, she explained her method:
Fidelity is surely our highest aim, but a translation is not made with tracing paper. It is an act of critical interpretation. Let me insist on the obvious: Languages trail immense, individual histories behind them, and no two languages, with all their accretions of tradition and culture, ever dovetail perfectly. They can be linked by translation, as a photograph can link movement and stasis, but it is disingenuous to assume that either translation or photography, or acting for that matter, are representational in any narrow sense of the term. Fidelity is our noble purpose, but it does not have much, if anything, to do with what is called literal meaning. A translation can be faithful to tone and intention, to meaning. It can rarely be faithful to words or syntax, for these are peculiar to specific languages and are not transferable. [1 ] ”
Gregory Rabassa were given an unprecedented compliment from Gabriel García Márquez when he revealed that he prefers reading his own novels in their English translation. [2 ]
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Grossman now lives in New York City. She received a B.A. and M.A. from the University of Pennsylvania, did graduate work at UC Berkeley, and received a Ph.D. from New York University. Her career in translation began when in 1972 a friend, Jo-Anne Engelbert, asked her to translate a story for her collection of short works by an early, fairly obscure, Argentine avant-garde writer, Macedonio Fernández. That experience marked the change in Grossman's professional trajectory, from one of scholarship and criticism to that of translator. Her translation of [3 ] Miguel de Cervantes's , published in 2003, is considered one of the finest translations of the Spanish masterpiece in the English language, praised by such author/critics as Don Quixote Carlos Fuentes and Harold Bloom. She received the [4 ] PEN/Ralph Manheim Medal for Translation in 2006. In 2010, Edith Grossman was awarded the Queen Sofia Spanish Institute Translation Prize for her 2008 translation of Antonio Muñoz Molina's A Manuscript of Ashes.
Selected translations [ edit ]
Knopf, 1988. Love in the Time of Cholera,
Penguin, 1991. The General in His Labyrinth,
Alfred A. Knopf, 1993. Strange Pilgrims: Stories,
Knopf, 1995. Of Love and Other Demons,
Alfred A. Knopf, 1997. News of a Kidnapping,
Jonathan Cape, 2003. Living to Tell the Tale,
Vintage, 2005. Memories of My Melancholy Whores,
, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1996. Death in the Andes
The Notebooks of Don Rigoberto, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1998.
, Picador, 2001. The Feast of the Goat
, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2007. The Bad Girl
, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2011. In Praise of Reading and Fiction: The Nobel Lecture
, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2012. Dream of the Celt
Last Waltz in Santiago and Other Poems of Exile and Disappearance, Penguin, 1988.
In Case of Fire in a Foreign Land: New and Collected Poems from Two Languages, Duke University Press, 2002
In the Palm of Darkness, HarperCollins, 1997.
The Messenger: A Novel, Harper Perennial, 2000.
The Last Night I Spent With You, HarperCollins, 2000.
The Red of His Shadow, HarperCollins, 2001.
Dancing to "Almendra": A Novel, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2007.
Captain of the Sleepers: A Novel, Picador, 2007.
The Adventures of Maqroll: Three Novellas, HarperCollins, 1992.
The Adventures of Maqroll: Four Novellas, HarperCollins, 1995.
The Adventures and Misadventures of Maqroll, NYRB Classics, 2002.
Other Works [ edit ]
José Luis Llovio-Menéndez, Insider My Hidden Life as a Revolutionary in Cuba, Bantam Books, 1988.
Augusto Monterroso, Complete Works & Other Stories, University of Texas Press, 1995.
Julián Ríos, Loves That Bind, Knopf, 1998.
Eliseo Alberto, Caracol Beach: A Novel, Vintage, 2001.
Julián Ríos, Monstruary, Knopf, 2001.
Pablo Bachelet, Gustavo Cisneros: The Pioneer, Planeta, 2004.
Carmen Laforet, Nada: A Novel, The Modern Library, 2007.
The Golden Age: Poems of the Spanish Renaissance, W.W. Norton, 2007.
Antonio Muñoz Molina, A Manuscript of Ashes, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2008.
Why Translation Matters, Yale University Press, 2010.
Luis de Góngora, , Penguin, 2011. The Solitudes
Carlos Rojas, The Ingenious Gentleman and Poet Federico Garcia Lorca Ascends to Hell, Yale University Press, 2013.
External links [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Grossman, Edith. "Narrative Transmutations". PEN American Centre . Retrieved 26 April 2014.
^ Padgett, Tim (October 8, 1990), "Battling over Bolívar's Soul", Newsweek 116 (15): 70 , retrieved 2008-03-17 .
^ "Gabriel García-Márquez's Translator Speaks Up for Translations," Huff Post Books, March 15 2010, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/03/15/gabriel-garcia-marquezs-t_n_499693.html, accessed 19 April 2014.
^ By Carlos Fuentes. "Tilt" . Accessed 2010-08-04 New York Times 2 November 2003