Edward Bridges, 1st Baron Bridges

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Bridges
Cabinet Secretary
In office
1938–1946
Preceded by Sir Maurice Hankey
Succeeded by Sir Norman Brook
Head of the Home Civil Service
In office
1945–1956
Preceded by Sir Horace Wilson
Succeeded by Sir William Armstrong
Personal details
Spouse(s) Katharine, Lady Bridges
Children 4

Edward Ettingdene Bridges, 1st Baron Bridges, KG, GCB, GCVO, PC, MC, FRS[1] (4 August 1892 – 27 August 1969) was a British civil servant.

Born in Yattendon in Berkshire, Bridges was the son of Robert Bridges, later Poet Laureate, and Mary Monica Waterhouse, daughter of the architect Alfred Waterhouse. He was educated at Eton and Magdalen College, Oxford. Bridges then fought in the First World War with the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, achieved the rank of Captain and was awarded the Military Cross.

He later joined the Civil Service and in 1938 he was appointed Cabinet Secretary, succeeding Sir Maurice Hankey. Bridges remained in this post until 1946, when he was made Permanent Secretary to the Treasury and Head of the Home Civil Service, a position he held until 1956. He was invested a Privy Counsellor in 1953 and in 1957 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Bridges, of Headley in the County of Surrey and of Saint Nicholas at Wade in the County of Kent. In 1965 he was given the additional honour of being made a Knight of the Garter.

After his retirement Lord Bridges notably served as Chancellor of the University of Reading. Moreover, he was given honorary degrees from several universities and appointed a Fellow of the Royal Society.[1] He also published The State and the Arts, Romanes Lecture for 1958, Oxford, and The Treasury (Oxford University Press, 1964).

Bridges married Katharine Dianthe Farrer, daughter of Thomas Cecil Farrer, 2nd Baron Farrer, on 6 June 1922. They had four children:

  • Hon. Shirley Frances Bridges (b. 1924)
  • Thomas Edward Bridges, 2nd Baron Bridges (b. 1927) (a diplomat)
  • Hon. Robert Bridges (b. 1930) (an architect)
  • Hon. Margaret Evelyn Bridges (b. 1932) (a medieval historian)

Lord Bridges died at Winterfold Heath, Surrey, on 27 August 1969, aged 77. He was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son Thomas, a prominent diplomat who notably served as British Ambassador to Italy from 1983 to 1987.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Winnifrith, J. (1970). "Edward Ettingdean Bridges--Baron Bridges. 1892-1969". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 16: 36–26. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1970.0003.  edit

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Maurice Hankey
Cabinet Secretary
1938-1946
Succeeded by
Sir Norman Brook
Preceded by
Sir Horace Wilson
Head of the Home Civil Service
1945-1956
Succeeded by
Sir William Armstrong
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Bridges
1957–1969
Succeeded by
Thomas Bridges
Academic offices
Preceded by
Sir Samuel Hoare
Chancellor of the University of Reading
1959–1969
Succeeded by
Lord Sherfield