Eli Houston Murray

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Eli Houston Murray
Eli Houston Murray.jpg
Eli Houston Murray
12th Governor of Utah Territory
In office
1880–1886
Preceded by George W. Emery
Succeeded by Caleb Walton West
Personal details
Born February 10, 1843
Cloverport, Kentucky
Died November 18, 1896
Bowling Green, Kentucky
Spouse(s) Evelyn Neal
Profession U.S. marshal, newspaper editor, soldier

Eli Houston Murray (February 10, 1843 – November 18, 1896)[1] was Governor of Utah Territory between 1880 and 1886.

Murray had been brevetted to the rank of brigadier general in the American Civil War, and was appointed Governor in 1880.

The newly appointed anti-Mormon territorial governor openly supported the Liberal Party of Utah. Thus, the 1880 territory-wide election for a congressional delegate unexpectedly proved the closest that the Liberal Party got to sending a representative to Washington, D.C.

The Liberal candidate, Allen G. Campbell – with 1357 votes – lost resoundingly to Mormon General Authority George Q. Cannon who had 18,567 votes. However, before Governor Murray certified the election, a protest on behalf of Campbell was filed. The protest listed a dozen claims, chiefly that Cannon, born in Liverpool, England, was an un-naturalized alien. The protest also claimed that Cannon's practice of polygamy was incompatible with the law and a delegate's oath of office. Murray agreed and issued certification to Campbell in spite of his poor showing.

Cannon, in Washington at the time, argued that only Congress could decide on a member's qualifications. He furthermore received a certificate from sympathetic territorial election officials which stated he had received the most votes. This document convinced the House of Representatives clerk to enter Cannon's name on the roll, so Cannon began drawing delegate's salary.

Both Murray and Campbell traveled to Washington to dispute the seat. Each side battled over the position for over a year, even through the assassination and eventual death of President James Garfield. On February 25, 1882, the House of Representatives finally rejected both candidates. The House refused Cannon his seat not for his dubious citizenship, but for his practice of polygamy. The entire ordeal brought unfavorable national attention to Utah regarding the "Mormon Question" (polygamy).

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Political offices
Preceded by
George W. Emery
Governor of Utah Territory
1880–1886
Succeeded by
Caleb Walton West