Bowling Green, Kentucky

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Bowling Green, Kentucky
City
Shops along Fountain Square in Downtown Bowling Green
Shops along Fountain Square in Downtown Bowling Green
Location of Bowling Green within Warren County in Kentucky.
Location of Bowling Green within Warren County in Kentucky.
Coordinates: 36°58′54″N 86°26′40″W / 36.98167°N 86.44444°W / 36.98167; -86.44444Coordinates: 36°58′54″N 86°26′40″W / 36.98167°N 86.44444°W / 36.98167; -86.44444
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Warren
Government
 • Mayor Bruce Wilkerson
Area
 • City 35.6 sq mi (92.1 km2)
 • Land 35.4 sq mi (91.7 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation 547 ft (166.7 m)
Population (2012)
 • City 60,600
 • Density 1,536.9/sq mi (537.5/km2)
 • Metro 162,231
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 42101-42104
Area code(s) 270 & 364
FIPS code 21-08902
GNIS feature ID 0487744
Website www.bgky.org
The B.G.M.U. Water Tower atop Reservoir Hill is a local landmark visible from many parts of Bowling Green.
The Warren County Justice Center is the center of the local court system.

Bowling Green is a city in and the county seat of Warren County, Kentucky, United States.[1] As of 2012, its population of 60,600 made it the third-most-populous city in the state after Louisville and Lexington; its metropolitan area had an estimated population of 162,231; and the combined statistical area it shares with Glasgow has an estimated population of 215,000.[2]

Founded by pioneers in 1798, Bowling Green was the provisional capital of Confederate Kentucky during the American Civil War. The city was the inspiration for the 1967 Everly Brothers song "Bowling Green"; and today it is the home of numerous manufacturers including General Motors and Fruit of the Loom. The Bowling Green Assembly Plant has been the source of all Chevrolet Corvettes built since 1981. Bowling Green is also home to the state's second-largest public university, Western Kentucky University. In 2014, Forbes Magazine listed Bowling Green as one of the Top 25 Best Places to Retire in the United States.[3]

History[edit]

Settlement and incorporation[edit]

The first Europeans known to have reached the area carved their names on beech trees near the river c. 1775. By 1778, settlers established McFadden's Station on the north bank of the Barren River.[4]

Present-day Bowling Green grew out of homesteads erected by Robert[4] and George Moore and General Elijah Covington, the namesake of the town near Cincinnati.[citation needed] The Moore brothers arrived from Virginia c. 1794. In 1798, only two years after Warren County had been formed, Robert Moore donated 2 acres (8,100 m2) of land to county trustees for the purpose of constructing public buildings. Soon after, he donated an additional 30 acres (120,000 m2) to 40 acres (160,000 m2) surrounding the original plot. The city of Bowling Green was officially incorporated by the state of Kentucky on March 6, 1798.

There is some controversy over the source of the name. The city itself follows the first county commissioners' meeting (1798), which named the town Bolin Green after the Bowling Green in New York City where patriots had pulled down a statue of King George III and used the lead to make bullets during the American Revolution.[4] Some historians[who?] dispute this, however, and credit Bowling Green, Virginia, or a personal "ball alley game" of Robert Moore's instead.[5] Early records indicate that the city name was also spelled Bowlingreen.

Contrary to the name's inference, there are no historical or present-day accounts of lawn bowls facilities or sporting leagues.

Nineteenth century[edit]

By 1810, Bowling Green had 154 residents. Growth in steamboat commerce and the proximity of the Barren River increased Bowling Green's importance. Canal locks and dams on the Barren River made it much more navigable. In 1832, the first portage railway connected the river to the location of the current county courthouse. Mules pulled freight and passengers to and from the city on the tracks.

Despite rapid urbanization of the Bowling Green area in the 1830s, agriculture remained an important part of local life. A visitor to Bowling Green noted the boasting of a tavern proprietor named Benjamin Vance:

[Vance] says that he has seen a turnip this fall that measures thirty-two inches around, and has a beet that weighs sixteen pounds and a half;... that corn in this country grows so fast that if you look at it the next, it has grown a foot higher; that the "little hickory twigs" growing in the barrens have roots as large as his legs...

In 1859, the Louisville and Nashville Railroad (currently CSX Transportation) laid railroad through Bowling Green that connected the city with northern and southern markets.

Bowling Green declared itself neutral in an attempt to escape the American Civil War. Because of its prime location and resources, however, both the Union and Confederacy sought control of the city. The majority of its residents rejected both the Confederacy and the Lincoln administration. On September 18, 1861, around 1300 Confederate soldiers arrived from Tennessee to occupy the city, placed under command of Kentucky native General Simon Bolivar Buckner. The city's pro-Union feelings surprised the Confederate occupiers.[6] Surrounding hills were fortified to secure possible military approaches to the valuable river and railroad assets. In November 1861, the provisional Confederate government of Kentucky chose Bowling Green as its capital.[7]

On February 14, 1862, after receiving reports that Fort Henry on the Tennessee River and Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River had both been captured by Union forces under Ulysses S. Grant, the Confederates realized they had to withdraw from Bowling Green. They destroyed bridges across the Barren River, the railroad depot, and other important buildings that could be used by the enemy. The city was subject to disruptions and raids throughout the remainder of the war. During the summer of 1864, Union General Stephen G. Burbridge arrested 22 civilians in and around Bowling Green on a charge of treason. This incident and other harsh treatment by federal authorities led to bitterness towards the Union among Bowling Green residents and increased sympathies with the Confederacy.

After the Civil War, Bowling Green's business district grew considerably. Previously, agriculture had dominated the city's economy. During the 1870s, many of the historic business structures seen today were erected. One of the most important businesses in Bowling Green of this era was Carie Burnam Taylor's dress-making company. By 1906, Taylor employed more than 200 women.

In 1868, the city constructed its first waterworks system. The fourth county courthouse was completed in 1868. The first three were completed in 1798, 1805 and 1813 respectively. In 1889, the first mule-drawn street cars appeared in the city. The first electric street cars began to replace them by 1895.

The Sisters of Charity of Nazareth founded St. Columbia's Academy in 1862, succeeded by St. Joseph's School in 1911.[8] In 1884, the Southern Normal School, which had been founded in 1875, moved to Bowling Green from the town of Glasgow, Kentucky. Pleasant J. Potter founded a women's college in Bowling Green in 1889. It closed in 1909 and its property sold to the Western Kentucky State Normal School (see below, now known as Western Kentucky University). Other important schools in this era were Methodist Warren College, Ogden College (which also became a part of Western Kentucky University) and Green River Female College, a boarding school.

Twentieth century[edit]

In 1906, Henry Hardin Cherry, the president and owner of Southern Normal School, donated the school to the state as the basis of the Western State Normal School. The school trained teachers for the expanding educational needs of the state. This institution is now known as Western Kentucky University and is the second largest public university in the state of Kentucky, having recently grown larger than the University of Louisville.

In 1906, Doctors Lillian H. South, J. N. McCormack, A.T. McCormack opened St. Joseph Hospital to provide around the clock medical and nursing care to the residents and students in the area.[9][10]

In 1925, the Kentucky Street Rail Depot was opened. About 27 trains arrived daily at the depot. Local bus lines were also a popular form of travel. By the 1950s, both of these forms of transportation had dramatically declined as highway construction was subsidized by the federal government and the private car became the primary means of travel.

In 1940, a Union Underwear factory was built in Bowling Green and bolstered the city's economy significantly. During the 1960s, the city's population began to surpass that of Ashland, Paducah and Newport.

Downtown streets became a bottle-neck for traffic. In 1949, the U.S. Route 31W Bypass was opened to alleviate traffic problems but it also drew off business from downtown. The bypass grew to become a business hotspot in Bowling Green. A 1954 advertisement exclaimed, "Your business can grow in the direction Bowling Green is growing -- to the 31-W By-Pass".

By the 1960s, the face of shopping was changing completely from the downtown square to suburban shopping centers. Between May and November 1967, stores in Bowling Green Mall opened for business. Another advertisement said, "One stop shopping. Just park [free], step out and shop. You'll find everything close at hand." Between September 1979 and September 1980, stores in the larger Greenwood Mall came inline. The city's limits began to stretch toward Interstate 65.

By the late 1960s, Interstate 65, which runs just to the east of Bowling Green, was completed. The Green River Parkway (now called the William H. Natcher Parkway), was completed in the 1970s to connect Bowling Green and Owensboro. These vital transportation arteries attracted many industries to Bowling Green.

In 1981, General Motors moved its Chevrolet Corvette assembly plant from St. Louis, Missouri to Bowling Green. In the same year, the National Corvette Homecoming event was created, becoming a large gathering of Corvette owners, car parades and related activities in Bowling Green each year. In 1994 the National Corvette Museum was constructed near the assembly plant.

In 1997, Bowling Green was designated a Tree City USA by the National Arbor Day Foundation.

Twenty-first century initiatives[edit]

The new Bowling Green Area Chamber of Commerce building was one of the first parts of the Downtown Redevelopment Project to reach completion.

In 2012, the city undertook a feasibility study on ways to revitalize the downtown Bowling Green area. The Downtown Redevelopment Authority was formed to plan redevelopment. Plans for the project incorporated Bowling Green's waterfront assets and historic center and streetscape around Fountain Square. It also proposed a new building for the Bowling Green Area Chamber of Commerce, construction of a Riverwalk Park where downtown borders the Barren River, creation of a new public park called Circus Square, and installation of a new retail area, the Fountain Square Market.[11]

As of Spring 2009, the new Chamber of Commerce, Riverwalk Park, and Circus Square have been completed. The Southern Kentucky Performing Arts Center, a facility for arts and education, broke ground in October 2009 and celebrated its opening night on March 10, 2012 with a concert by Vince Gill.[12] Ground was broken for the Fountain Square Market in 2012.

In 2005 an effort was made to incorporate a Whitewater Park into the downtown Bowling Green riverfront at Weldon Peete Park. Due to the recession, the project was not funded. As of Summer 2010 the effort to build the Whitewater Park is gaining momentum. Talks with public officials are being held and progress is being made. Information about the park can be found at: http://www.trailsrus.com/whitewater/initiative.html & http://www.facebook.com/BGWWP

Geography[edit]

The Bowling Green-Warren County Regional Airport is 547 feet (167 m) above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.6 square miles (92 km2), of which 35.4 square miles (92 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.45%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Bowling Green has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 35.7 °F (2.1 °C) in January to 78.7 °F (25.9 °C) in July. On average, there are 41 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs annually, and 11 days per winter where the high fails to rise above freezing. Annual precipitation is 49.3 inches (1,250 mm), with the late spring and summer months being slightly wetter; snowfall averages 8.4 inches (21.3 cm) per season. Extreme temperatures range from −21 °F (−29 °C) on January 23 and 24, 1963, up to 108 °F (42 °C) on July 28, 1930.

Climate data for Bowling Green, Kentcuky (Warren County Airport), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 78
(26)
82
(28)
92
(33)
96
(36)
100
(38)
110
(43)
113
(45)
110
(43)
105
(41)
94
(34)
88
(31)
78
(26)
113
(45)
Average high °F (°C) 45.0
(7.2)
50.0
(10)
59.8
(15.4)
69.7
(20.9)
77.8
(25.4)
86.1
(30.1)
89.4
(31.9)
88.9
(31.6)
82.1
(27.8)
71.2
(21.8)
59.4
(15.2)
47.9
(8.8)
68.9
(20.5)
Average low °F (°C) 26.4
(−3.1)
29.6
(−1.3)
37.0
(2.8)
45.6
(7.6)
55.0
(12.8)
63.9
(17.7)
67.9
(19.9)
66.1
(18.9)
58.0
(14.4)
46.3
(7.9)
37.5
(3.1)
29.2
(−1.6)
46.9
(8.3)
Record low °F (°C) −21
(−29)
−20
(−29)
−6
(−21)
19
(−7)
30
(−1)
39
(4)
46
(8)
42
(6)
33
(1)
19
(−7)
−7
(−22)
−14
(−26)
−21
(−29)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.58
(90.9)
4.00
(101.6)
3.88
(98.6)
4.33
(110)
5.67
(144)
4.09
(103.9)
4.17
(105.9)
3.38
(85.9)
3.80
(96.5)
3.44
(87.4)
4.18
(106.2)
4.80
(121.9)
49.33
(1,253)
Snowfall inches (cm) 2.5
(6.4)
3.4
(8.6)
1.1
(2.8)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.3
(3.3)
8.4
(21.4)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.4 10.5 11.4 11.7 11.8 10.6 10.0 7.9 7.9 8.5 9.9 11.5 121.9
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 2.1 2.3 0.7 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.3 6.5
Source: NOAA (extremes 1893–present)[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 4,574
1880 5,114 11.8%
1890 7,803 52.6%
1900 8,226 5.4%
1910 9,173 11.5%
1920 9,638 5.1%
1930 12,348 28.1%
1940 14,385 16.5%
1950 18,347 27.5%
1960 28,338 54.5%
1970 36,705 29.5%
1980 40,450 10.2%
1990 40,641 0.5%
2000 49,296 21.3%
2010 58,067 17.8%
Est. 2013 61,488 5.9%
2013 estimate[14]

As of the census[15] of 2010, there were 58,067 people and 22,735 households in the city. The population density was 1631.1 people per square mile (630.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.8% White, 13.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 4.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.16% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.5% of the population.

There were 22,735 households out of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.1% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.3% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.99.

The age distribution was 20.1% under 18, 28% from 15 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 or older. The median age was 27.6 years. Females make up 51.7% of the population and males make up 48.3%.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,362, and the median income for families was $45,287. Males had a median income of $35,000 versus $28,916 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,302. About 19.4% of families and 27.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.9% of those under age 18.

Economy[edit]

The Medical Center, an ever expanding part of Commonwealth Health Corporation, is one of the top employers in Bowling Green.

Bowling Green is shifting to a more knowledge-based, technology-driven economy. With one major public university and a technical college, Bowling Green serves as an education hub for the South Central Kentucky region. In addition, the city plays an integral part as the leading medical and commercial center.

General Motors Manufacturing Plant, Holley Performance Products, Houchens Industries, SCA, Camping World, Fruit of the Loom, Russell Brands, and other major industries call Bowling Green home. It has also attracted new industries, such as Bowling Green Metalforming, a division of Magna International, Inc.; and Halton Company, which chose to expand their worldwide companies into Bowling Green.

Commonwealth Health Corporation, Western Kentucky University and Warren County Board of Education are the biggest employers for Bowling Green and the surrounding region. Other companies based in Bowling Green include Eagle Industries and Trace Die Cast. The third largest home shopping network ShopHQ has its warehouse fulfillment center located off Nashville Road. ShopHQ also recently moved a large amount of its Customer Service Call Center Operations to its Bowling Green location. ShopHQ is owned by ValueVision Media with its corporate headquarters in Eden Prairie, Minnesota although the largest part of its day-to-day operations are in Bowling Green.

Compared with Elizabethtown and Owensboro MSAs, Bowling Green has experienced the largest post-recession employment gain. From November 2001 to April 2006, total payroll employment increased by 13%. Bowling Green has experienced a 5% increase in manufacturing employment, a 5% increase in professional and business services, and a 6% increase in leisure and hospitality since April 2005.

Bowling Green's high income and job growth combined with a low cost of doing business led the city to be named to Forbes Magazine's 2009 list of the "Best Small Places for Business". In an evaluation of 179 cities across the nation, Forbes ranked Bowling Green 19th in which to do business, finishing ahead of Elizabethtown and Owensboro. The list ranked Bowling Green 34th nationwide for the lowest cost-of-living and 22nd for highest job growth.

In March 2009, the Bowling Green metropolitan area was recognized by Site Selection Magazine as a top economic development community in the United States for communities with populations between 50,000 and 200,000 people. The Bowling Green metro also received the same recognition by Site Selection magazine in 2008.

The Bowling Green Area Chamber of Commerce received the 2009 Chamber of the Year by the American Chamber of Commerce Executives and a 5-Star Chamber by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[16] the top private sector employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Western Kentucky University 4,626
2 The Medical Center at Bowling Green 1,914
3 Fruit of the Loom 1,632
4 Walmart 1,018
5 Warren County Public Schools 958
6 Express Employment Professionals 931
7 Sun Products 917
8 Houchens Industries 733
9 Magna International 665
10 City of Bowling Green 633

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Public education is provided by the Warren County Public Schools system and the Bowling Green Independent School District. Several private schools also serve Bowling Green students.

Religious schools[edit]

  • Anchored Christian School - Preschool through 12th grade Baptist Christian school[2]
  • Bowling Green Christian Academy - Preschool through 12th grade non-denominational Christian school
  • Foundation Christian Academy - Preschool through 8th grade Church of Christ Christian school [3]
  • Holy Trinity Lutheran - Preschool through 6th grade Lutheran Christian school [4]
  • Old Union School - Preschool through 12th grade Christian school [5]
  • Saint Joseph - Preschool through 8th grade Catholic school
A view of the campus of Western Kentucky University
Pearce Ford Tower at Western Kentucky University

Elementary schools[edit]

Warren County Public Schools[edit]
  • Alvaton
  • Briarwood
  • Bristow
  • Cumberland Trace
  • Lost River
  • North Warren Elementary
  • Oakland
  • Plano Elementary
  • Rich Pond
  • Jody Richards
  • Richardsville
  • Rockfield
  • Warren
  • Warren East
  • William H. Natcher
Bowling Green Independent School District[edit]
  • Dishman-McGinnis
  • Parker Bennett Curry
  • Potter Gray
  • T.C. Cherry
  • W.R. McNeill

Middle and Junior high schools[edit]

All of these schools are operated by the Warren County district except Bowling Green Junior High.

  • Bowling Green Junior High
  • Drakes Creek Middle School
  • Henry F. Moss Middle School
  • Warren East Middle School
  • South Warren Middle School

High schools[edit]

All schools are operated by the Warren County district except Bowling Green High.

Post-secondary education[edit]

Public library[edit]

The historic L&N Train Depot.

The Warren County Public Library has four permanent locations. The Main Library, which opened in 1956, is in downtown Bowling Green. The Smiths Grove Branch, the system's first branch location, is located in the nearby community of Smiths Grove, Kentucky. The Graham Drive Community Library is a neighborhood branch located in a residential area of the Housing Authority of Bowling Green; it opened for business in late 2007 and replaced the branch formerly located in the Sugar Maple Square Shopping Center. The system's newest location is the Bob Kirby Branch Library, located off Interstate 65 close to Greenwood High School, which opened spring 2008. The Mobile Branch is a 28-foot (8.5 m) truck that travels across Bowling Green and Warren County carrying a variety of library materials for adults and children. The Depot Branch, which opened in 2001, was located in the historic, renovated Louisville and Nashville Railroad Depot and housed a technology and early childhood center, as well as traditional library materials; it closed in late 2007. On July 27, 2007, the Warren County Fiscal Court voted to create a county wide taxing district to benefit the public library. The library system, formerly known as the Bowling Green Public Library, became the Warren County Public Library on July 1, 2008.

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Other highways[edit]

Air transport[edit]

Bowling Green-Warren County Regional Airport has no commercial flights. The closest commercial airports to Bowling Green are Nashville International Airport, Owensboro-Daviess County Regional Airport, and Louisville International Airport.

Attractions[edit]

Parks and recreation[edit]

The Bowling Green Parks and Recreation Department administers 895 acres (3.62 km2) of public land for recreational use.

Community centers[edit]

Parks[edit]

See Parks in Bowling Green, Kentucky for a formatted table of this data.
  • 'Basil Griffin - Named for former Warren County Judge- Large pond with migratory birds such as ducks and geese, playground, disc golf, picnic tables/pavilions, soccer fields, volleyball court.
  • C. W. Lampkin - Baseball fields, outdoor basketball courts, concession stands, grills, picnic pavilions and tables, playgrounds, soccer field, tennis courts, volleyball courts
  • Chuck Crume Nature - picnic tables, walking/running trail
  • Covington Woods - golf course, baseball field, outdoor basketball court, concession stand, grills, picnic pavilions and tables, playgrounds, tennis courts, volleyball court
  • Fort Webb - historic site
  • Fountain Square - historic Victorian fountain and city square in Downtown Bowling Green
Fountain Square Park, in the heart of Downtown Bowling Green.
  • H. P. Thomas - barbecue grills, picnic tables, playground, soccer fields, volleyball court
  • Hobson Grove - golf course, baseball fields, disc golf course, historic site, picnic tables, concession stands
  • James Hines - boating, historic site
  • Lovers Lane - soccer fields, disc golf course, picnic pavilion & tables, playgrounds, concession stand
  • Ogden - playground
  • Pedigo - baseball fields, outdoor basketball court, batting cage, concession stand, picnic pavilion & tables, playground, volleyball court
  • Preston Miller - water park/swimming pool, disc golf course, picnic pavilions & tables, playgrounds, swimming pools, volleyball courts, walking/running/running trail, concession stand
  • Reservoir Hill - outdoor basketball court, grills, historic site, picnic pavilion & tables, playground, tennis courts, volleyball court
  • RiverWalk/Brownfield - historic site, walking/running trail
Riverwalk Park, bordering the Barren River.
  • Roland Bland - skatepark, outdoor basketball courts, grills, horseshoes, picnic pavilion & tables, playgrounds, soccer field, tennis courts, volleyball court
  • Spero Kereiakes - baseball fields, outdoor basketball court, batting cage, concession stand, disc golf course, grills, picnic pavilions & tables, playgrounds, public gardening plots, soccer fields, tennis courts, volleyball court, walking/running trail
  • Westside Neighborhood - outdoor basketball court, playground

Swimming centers[edit]

  • 'Russell Sims Aquatic Center - The largest "water playground" in south-central Kentucky. The center includes zero-depth entry into the water, splash playground, swimming pool, water slides, diving boards and concessions.
  • 'Warren County Aquatics Facility - Domed pool facility open year-round. Closed February 2008. New facility is now open on Lover's Lane behind Warren County Public Schools main office.

Museums[edit]

The Kentucky Museum is located on the campus of Western Kentucky University.
  • Barren River Imaginative Museum of Science - Unique "hands-on" science museum where visitors can experience the force of a mini-tornado, operate one of the largest interactive transportation exhibits in the country, suspend a body with magic mirrors, and more. Closed SEP 2011
  • Kentucky Museum and Library - Home of rich collections and education exhibits on Kentucky history and heritage. Genealogical materials, published works, manuscripts and folk life information.
  • National Corvette Museum - Showcase of America's sports car with more than 75 Corvettes on display, including mint classics, one-of-a-kind prototypes, racetrack champions and more.
  • Historic Railpark and Train Museum - L & N Depot - Train museum in the original train depot of Bowling Green. Opened after the library moved at the end of 2007. Includes 5 restored historic rail cars.
  • Riverview at Hobson Grove - This historic house museum is a classic example of Italianate architecture—arched windows, deep eaves with ornamental brackets, and cupola. Painted ceilings. Began late 1850s, Confederate munitions magazine in winter 1861-62, and completed 1872.

Sports and event venues[edit]

E.A. Diddle Arena, located on the campus of Western Kentucky University, is a multi-purpose arena with a seating capacity of 7,500 persons. Built in 1963 and renovated in 2004, the arena has hosted college sports such as basketball and volleyball. It has also hosted the KHSAA Girls' Sweet Sixteen state championship event in high school basketball since 2001, although that event will move to The Bank of Kentucky Center at Northern Kentucky University in 2016.[17] The arena has also played host to various traveling rodeos and circuses. In 2006, Diddle Arena hosted the first WWE event to be held in Bowling Green in over ten years.

The Western Kentucky University Hilltoppers won the Division I-AA Football National Championship in 2002. WKU's men's basketball team has a storied past including the 1971 NCAA Final Four and is one of the winningest teams, in both total victories and winning percentage, in the history of NCAA Division I college basketball.

The Bowling Green High School Purples football team won the KHSAA State Championship in 1995, 2011, 2012, and 2013 and are currently on a 44 game winning streak, the third largest in KHSAA history. Combined with three straight State Championship appearances from 2005 to 2007, the Purples have been to six of the last nine KHSAA 5A State Championships. The Greenwood Gators softball team won the 2007, 2008, and 2013 state championship. During the 2013 softball season, the Gators had a perfect season with 44 wins and 0 losses. The Warren Central Dragons boys basketball team took home the 2004 state championship. The Bowling Green Jr High School Purples won the 2008 and 2009 KYMSA State Championship, as they went undefeated two years straight, with a combined record of 26-0.

Bowling Green Ballpark

The city and surrounding area is home to the Warren County Inline Hockey League. It also is home to the Western Kentucky University Hilltoppers team, which competes in the NCRHA, and has several members in the Bluegrass Hockey League and Central Commonwealth League.

Bowling Green Ballpark is a new stadium currently in use in Bowling Green. It is primarily used for baseball, for the Single-A Bowling Green Hot Rods organization of the Midwest League. The Hot Rods began play in the spring of 2009 in the South Atlantic League, transferring to the Midwest League for 2010. They are a farm team for Major League Baseball's Tampa Bay Rays.

The Bowling Green Hornets of the Central Basketball League are based in Bowling Green, although they play their home games in Russellville. The Hornets are coached by Russellville native Nathan Thompson.

Golf courses[edit]

Lovers Lane Park disc golf course. Bowling Green has eight such courses.

Bowling Green has six golf and eight disc golf courses.

Golf Disc golf
Crosswinds Basil Griffin Park
Paul Walker Hobson Grove Park
River View KOA Kampground
Olde Stone Lovers Lane Park
Bowling Green Country Club Preston Miller Park
Indian Hills Spero Kereiakes Park
White Park
William H. Natcher Elementary

Other attractions[edit]

Media[edit]

Refer to external links for respective media websites.

Print media[edit]

Television[edit]

Digital Broadcast[edit]

  • WBKO ABC Channel 13.1 720p
  • WBKO Fox Channel 13.2 480i
  • WBKO CW Channel 13.3 480i
  • WNKY NBC Channel 40.1 1080i
  • WNKY CBS Channel 40.2 480i
  • WKYU PBS Channel 24.1 1080i
  • WKYU Create Channel 24.2 480i
  • WKGB PBS Channel 53.1 KET1 720p
  • WKGB PBS Channel 53.2 KET2 480i
  • WKGB PBS Channel 53.3 KETKY The Kentucky Channel 480i

Radio[edit]

  • AM 930 WKCT - News/Talk
  • AM 1340 WBGN - The Ticket(Fox Sports Radio)
  • AM 1450 WWKU - ESPN Radio
  • FM 88.1 WAYFM - WAYFM
  • FM 88.9 WKYU - Western Kentucky University Public Radio
  • FM 90.7 WCVK - Christian Family Radio
  • FM 91.7 WWHR - "Revolution" WKU's student radio station
  • FM 93.3 WDNS - Bowling Green's Classic Rock Station
  • FM 95.1 WGGC - Goober 95.1 - Country
  • FM 96.7 WBVR - The Beaver - Country (licensed to Auburn, Kentucky)
  • FM 100.7 WKLX - Sam 100.7 - Classic Hits (licensed to Brownsville, Kentucky)
  • FM 103.7 WHHT - Howdy 103.7 - Country (licensed to Cave City, Kentucky)
  • FM 105.3 WPTQ - The Point - Classic / Active Rock (licensed to Glasgow, Kentucky)
  • FM 106.3 WOVO - Wovo106.3 - Adult Contemporary (licensed to Horse Cave, Kentucky)
  • FM 107.1 WUHU - Woohoo - Top 40 (licensed to Smiths Grove, Kentucky)

Nearby cities and communities[edit]

County communities[edit]

Allen Springs Alvaton Blue Level Browning
Cavehill Drake
Oakland, Kentucky Petros Plano Plum Springs
Richardsville Rich Pond Rockfield Smiths Grove Woodburn

Neighboring cities[edit]

Brownsville Franklin Glasgow
Morgantown Russellville Scottsville

Notable residents[edit]

Sister city[edit]

Bowling Green has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Pop culture[edit]

- Many songs take their inspiration from Bowling Green, most famously 1967's "Bowling Green" by the Everly Brothers. This song was covered by Neko Case in 1997.

- Bowling Green was the site of a railroad station that gave rise to a famous court case, Black and White Taxicab Co. v. Brown and Yellow Taxicab Co. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. dissented and the case was mentioned and superseded by Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins, a case famous for its doctrine and pervasiveness in Civil Procedure classes in law schools in the U.S.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ http://www.census.gov/popest/data/metro/totals/2012/index.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ http://www.forbes.com/sites/williampbarrett/2014/01/16/the-best-places-to-retire-in-2014/
  4. ^ a b c City of Bowling Green. "History of Bowling Green: Beginnings". Accessed 22 Jul 2013.
  5. ^ "Dictionary of Places: Bowling Green". Encyclopedia of Kentucky. New York, New York: Somerset Publishers. 1987. ISBN 0-403-09981-1. 
  6. ^ Baird, Nancy Disher; Carraco, Carol Crowe (1999). Bowling Green and Warren County: A Bicentennial History. Bowling Green, KY: Liberty Printing. p. 13. ISBN 978-0932017048. 
  7. ^ Kleber, John E., ed. (1992). "Confederate State Government". The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Associate editors: Thomas D. Clark, Lowell H. Harrison, and James C. Klotter. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-1772-0. 
  8. ^ "Saint Joseph School - Contact/Directions". Stjosephschoolbg.org. Retrieved May 31, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Dr Lillian Herald South". Warren County Medical Society official website. Bowling Green, Kentucky: Warren County Medical Society. Retrieved 1 April 2010. 
  10. ^ Kentucky State Medical Association. (1913). Kentucky Medical Journal. Louisville, Ky: The Kentucky State Medical Association. page 160. Accessed on 31 March 2010.
  11. ^ The District - Accomplishments
  12. ^ [1][dead link]
  13. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-05-16. 
  14. ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 Population Estimates U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ City of Bowling Green CAFR
  17. ^ "Board of Control Approves Future Championship Sites, Football Alignment" (Press release). Kentucky High School Athletic Association. May 12, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 
  18. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]