Eluanbi Lighthouse

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Eluanbi Lighthouse
鵝鑾鼻燈塔
Eluanbi Lighthouse 02.jpg
Eluanbi Lighthouse
Location Eluanbi, Hengchun, Pingtung County, Taiwan
Coordinates 21°54′08″N 120°51′10″E / 21.902222°N 120.852778°E / 21.902222; 120.852778Coordinates: 21°54′08″N 120°51′10″E / 21.902222°N 120.852778°E / 21.902222; 120.852778
Year first constructed 1881
Year first lit 1883
Deactivated Active
Foundation Concrete/Granite
Construction Concrete/Iron
Tower shape Conical
Markings / pattern White(tower & lantern)
Height 21.4 m (70 ft)(five floors)
Focal height 56.4 m (185 ft) above sea level
Original lens Fourth order fresnel
Intensity 1,800,000 candlepower
Range 27.2 nm
Characteristic Flashing white once every ten seconds
About one revolution every thirty seconds

Eluanbi Lighthouse (Chinese: 鵝鑾鼻燈塔; pinyin: Éluánbí Dēngtǎ) is a lighthouse located on Cape Eluanbi, the southernmost point of Taiwan, to the south of Hengchun in Pingtung County, Taiwan. Eluanbi Lighthouse is managed by the Directorate General of Customs, Ministry of Finance, Taiwan. The lighthouse is built between the Pacific Ocean and the Taiwan Strait, facing toward the Luzon Strait. Thus, the lighthouse has a splendid panorama. The lighthouse is open to the public all year around. Today, Eluanbi Lighthouse is called "The Light of East Asia", because its intensity is the most powerful among Taiwan lighthouses.

History[edit]

Qing dynasty[edit]

Eluanbi Lighthouse was built during the Qing Dynasty in 1888. Accidents in the area were quite often due to hidden reefs. In 1888, an English architect W. F. Spindey, a member of Royal Geographical Society, was hired to construct this lighthouse as a guide for nearby ships. The lighthouse is the only armed lighthouse in the world, with a trench surrounding it and many gun holes on the wall. The extra fortifications were required at the time it was built because of frequent raids by local aboriginal tribes.

Japanese rule period[edit]

As a concession by the Qing Empire when it lost the First Sino-Japanese War, Taiwan became a colony of Japan. Severe damage suffered during the First Sino-Japanese War was repaired in 1898 during the Japanese rule period. However, during World War II, the lighthouse was again seriously damaged by Allied bombing during the Aerial Battle of Taiwan-Okinawa.

Present[edit]

In 1962, the lighthouse was re-built as a conical concrete building with a white cover. Today, the lighthouse is still functional and is also held as a historical monument admired by many tourists in the Kenting National Park. In addition, next to the lighthouse there is an Eluanbi Memorial (see Gallery) of Taiwan Eight Magnificent Sceneries. On the memorial the Chinese "Eluanbi" (Chinese: 鵞鑾鼻) is sculptured on the surface, written in Wang Xizhi's calligraphy style.

Side view of Eluanbi Lighthouse


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Su-fang Li, "The Lighthouses in Taiwan", Yuan-zu Culture Publ. Inc., Taipei county, Taiwan, 2002, pp. 126-131. ISBN 957-28031-2-3 (Chinese)
  2. Lun-hui Yue, "Ocean Navigator-The Fair of Taiwan Lighthouses", Kaoshiung History Museum, Kaoshiung, 2000, pp. 83-86. ISBN 957-02-7455-7 (Chinese)
  3. Customs, Ministry of Finance of Taiwan, "The Concise History of the Republic of China Customs", Taipei, 1998. ISBN 957-00-4861-1 (Chinese)

External links[edit]