Enola, Pennsylvania

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Enola, Pennsylvania
Census-designated place
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Cumberland
Township East Pennsboro
Area 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2)
Population 6,111 (2010)
Density 3,216.3 / sq mi (1,241.8 / km2)
Timezone EST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 17025
Area code 717

Enola is a census-designated place (CDP) located along the Susquehanna River in East Pennsboro Township, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 6,111 at the 2010 census.[1] Norfolk Southern operates Enola Yard, a large rail yard and locomotive shop in Enola. It is a suburb of Harrisburg and is part of the Harrisburg–Carlisle Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The town came into existence due to the building of rail lines through the area. Local farmers Francis and Wesley Miller sold 2 acres to the Pennsylvania Railroad to be used as a flag station. Mr. Miller was given the honor of naming the train station. He named the station "Enola," in honor of his four-year-old daughter, Enola Francis Miller. Eventually, the local post office and surrounding town adopted the name as well.

In the fall of 1902, the PA Railroad made the decision to build a classification yard "between Marysville, Pennsylvania and West Fairview, Pennsylvania." In 1903, their agent, The Manor Realty Co. purchasing 743 acres, officially opened the Yards in January 1905. Of the 743 acres, the Enola Realty Co. bought 104 acres for $26,500. This would officially become known as Enola (or current North Enola).

The Realty Company went on to build more than 220 homes which it rented or sold to families coming to the village looking for employment.

South Enola grew almost as rapidly as North Enola. Some of the landowners were Mann, Bretz, Darr, Ruplay, Pyne, and Addams.

West Enola also grew with the boom of the Enola Yards. The largest landowner of that time was Britton. Other large landowners were Lantz and Renninger.[2]

Enola is served by a single high school, East Pennsboro High School. Originally named Enola High School, it was built on farmland which had been owned by the Gutshall family from the late 1800s until the 1940s. It is located at 425 West Shady Lane, parallel to Gutshall Road. The original one-room school house is located on 98 South Enola Drive.

Geography[edit]

Enola is located at 40°17′25″N 76°56′04″W / 40.290238°N 76.934579°W / 40.290238; -76.934579Coordinates: 40°17′25″N 76°56′04″W / 40.290238°N 76.934579°W / 40.290238; -76.934579.[3] According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2). It is on the west shore of the Susquehanna River facing the city of Harrisburg. U.S. Route 11/15 runs north-to-south through Enola.

Education[edit]

East Pennsboro Area School District serves as the public education center for Enola. Its schools include East Pennsboro High Schoolmates, East Pennsboro Middle School, East Pennsboro Elementary School, and West Creek Hills Elementary School, with about 2,900 students.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Enola, Pennsylvania Census Data & Community Profile". Enola, Pennsylvania Census Data & Community Profile. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  2. ^ East Pennsboro Historical Society www.ephistory.org/
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.