Erich Fuchs

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Erich Fuchs
Erich Fuchs.jpg
Erich Fuchs
Born (1902-04-09)9 April 1902
Berlin, German Empire
Died 25 July 1980(1980-07-25) (aged 78)
Koblenz, West Germany
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Flag Schutzstaffel.svg Schutzstaffel
Years of service 1934—1945
Rank Scharführer, SS (Sergeant)
Unit

Sobibor

Treblinka
Other work Car sales man, truck driver[1]

Erich Fritz Erhard Fuchs[2] (9 April 1902 — 25 July 1980) was an SS-Scharführer (Sergeant) who worked for the Action T4 euthanasia program and Operation Reinhard phases of the Holocaust.

Fuchs began his career as a skilled motor mechanic. He joined the Nazi Party and the SA in May 1933. In 1940 he was drafted into the Action T4 euthanasia program. He served as Dr. Irmfried Eberl's driver while Eberl was Medical Director of the T-4 killing centers at Brandenburg and Bernburg.[3] Fuchs was present for many of the gassings of disabled people.[2]

In February 1942 Fuchs was transferred to Bełżec extermination camp for six weeks to install gas chambers. Fuchs later testified about his arrival at Belzec:

After this, in April he moved to Sobibor extermination camp for at least four weeks. In Fuchs's own words:

While at Sobibor, Fuchs also operated this engine as it fed the gas chambers. Now an SS-Scharführer (Sergeant), Fuchs went to Treblinka extermination camp, under the command of his old boss Eberl.[3] He would later testify:

Near the end of 1942, Fuchs returned briefly to Bernburg Euthanasia Centre. Then, from December to February 1943 he was stationed at Wiesloch psychiatric institution, where he was involved in "euthanasia research" and again, present during the gassing operations.[2] In March 1943 Fuchs was removed from Action T4, and his work in mass murder and genocide was done.[3]

After the war he worked as a lorry driver, motor mechanic and car salesman. Fuchs was put on trial at the Bełżec Trial in Munich 1963-64, for which he was acquitted. Fuchs was rearrested and tried at the Sobibor Trial in Hagen. He was charged with participation in the mass murder of approximately 3,600 Jews. On 20 December 1966, Fuchs was found guilty of being an accessory to the mass murder of at least 79,000 Jews and sentenced to four years imprisonment. Fuchs was married for the sixth time during the trial. Fuchs died on July 25, 1980.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sobibor - The Forgotten Revolt
  2. ^ a b c Sobibor Interviews: Biographies of SS-men
  3. ^ a b c Klee, Ernst, Dressen, Willi, Riess, Volker. The Good Old Days: The Holocaust as Seen by Its Perpetrators and Bystanders, p. 292. ISBN 1-56852-133-2.
  4. ^ Yitzhak Arad (1987). Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka: The Operation Reinhard Death Camps, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, p. 24
  5. ^ Klee, Ernst, Dressen, Willi, Riess, Volker. The Good Old Days: The Holocaust as Seen by Its Perpetrators and Bystanders, p. 231. ISBN 1-56852-133-2.
  6. ^ Yitzhak Arad. Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka: the Operation Reinhard death camps, p. 43. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 1987.