Essex (electoral district)

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Essex
Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario electoral district
Essex, riding.png
Essex in relation to other Ontario electoral districts
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Jeff Watson
Conservative
District created 1966
First contested 1968
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 125,878
Electors (2011) 88,847
Area (km²)[2] 1,347.84
Pop. density (per km²) 93.4
Census divisions Essex
Census subdivisions Amherstburg, Essex, Kingsville, Lakeshore, LaSalle, Pelee
For the provincial electoral district, see Essex (provincial electoral district).

Essex (formerly known as Essex—Windsor) is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1867 to 1882 and since 1968.

Geography[edit]

The riding includes the Municipalities of LaSalle, Amhertburg, Essex, Kingsville, Pelee and Lakeshore.

Federal electoral district[edit]

Essex was created in the British North America Act of 1867. It consisted of Essex county. It was abolished in 1882 when it was redistributed into Essex North and Essex South ridings.

Essex was re-created in 1966 from Essex East, Essex South and Essex West. The new riding consisted initially of the Town of Essex, the Townships of Anderdon, Colchester North, Colchester South, Malden, Rochester, Sandwich South, Tilbury North and Tilbury West, and the southern parts of the Township of Sandwich West and the City of Windsor, and the southeastern part of the Township of Maidstone. The name of the electoral district was changed in 1972 to "Essex~Windsor".

In 1976, the riding was re-defined to consist of the Townships of Anderdon, Colchester North, Maidstone, Malden, Rochester, Sandwich South, Sandwich West, Tilbury North and Tilbury West, including the Town of Essex, but excluding the Town of Tecumseh and the Village of St. Clair Beach, and the southeast part of the City of Windsor.

In 1987, the riding was re-defined to consist of the southeastern part of the City of Windsor, the towns of Amherstburg, Belle River and Essex, and the townships of Anderdon, Maidstone, Malden, Rochester, Sandwich South, Sandwich West, Tilbury North and Tilbury West.

Essex—Windsor was abolished in 1996 when it was re-distributed between a new "Essex" riding and Windsor West. The new Essex riding was created from parts of Essex—Windsor and Essex—Kent ridings.

It consisted initially of Pelee Island and the County of Essex excluding the City of Windsor, the towns of Leamington and Tecumseh, the Village of St. Clair Beach and the Township of Mersea. In 2003, it was redefined to consist of the County of Essex excluding the City of Windsor and the towns of Leamington and Tecumseh.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
Essex
1st  1867 − 1872     John O'Connor Conservative
2nd  1872 − 1874
3rd  1874 − 1878     William McGregor Liberal
4th  1878 − 1882     J.C. Patterson Conservative
Riding dissolved into Essex North and Essex South
Riding re-created from Essex East, Essex South and Essex West
28th  1968 − 1972     Eugene Whelan Liberal
29th  1972 − 1974
30th  1974 − 1979
31st  1979 − 1980
32nd  1980 − 1984
33rd  1984 − 1988     Steven Langdon New Democratic
34th  1988 − 1993
35th  1993 − 1997     Susan Whelan Liberal
36th  1997 − 2000
37th  2000 − 2004
38th  2004 − 2006     Jeff Watson Conservative
39th  2006 − 2008
40th  2008 − 2011
41st  2011 − Present

Federal election results[edit]

Essex 1996-present[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Jeff Watson 25,327 48.1% +8.1%
New Democratic Taras Natyshak 18,538 35.2% +8.6%
Liberal Nelson Santos 7,465 14.2% -14.9%
Green Cora Carriveau 1,290 2.4% -1.9%
Marxist–Leninist Enver Villamizar 77 0.1% -0.1%
Total valid votes 52,697 99.6%
Total rejected ballots 233 0.4%
Total votes 52,930 100.0%

Source: Elections Canada

Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Conservative Jeff Watson 20,608 40.0% -0.4% $87,306
Liberal Susan Whelan 14,973 29.1% -5.0% $87,544
New Democratic Taras Natyshak 13,703 26.6% +3.9% $47,430
Green Richard Bachynsky 2,234 4.3% +1.6% $0
Total valid votes/Expense limit 51,518 100.0% $90,595
Total rejected ballots 206
Turnout 51,724  %
Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Jeff Watson 23,125 40.4% +3.8%
Liberal Susan Whelan 19,508 34.1% -0.9%
New Democratic Taras Natyshak 12,992 22.7% -1.7%
Green James McVeity 1,518 2.7% -1.2%
Marxist–Leninist Robert Cruise 108 0.2% 0.0%
Total valid votes 57,251
Total valid votes 57,251 100.0%
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Jeff Watson 18,755 36.6% -4.9%
Liberal Susan Whelan 17,926 35.0% -9.4%
New Democratic David Tremblay 12,519 24.4% +10.5%
Green Paul Forman 1,981 3.9%
Marxist–Leninist Robert Cruise 105 0.2% -0.1%
Total valid votes 51,286 100.0%

Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election.

Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Susan Whelan 20,524 44.3% -1.7%
Alliance Scott Cowan 16,019 34.6% +16.7%
New Democratic Marion Overholt 6,431 13.9% -15.7%
Progressive Conservative Merrill Baker 3,175 6.9% +0.4%
Marxist–Leninist Robert Cruise 152 0.3%
Total valid votes 46,301 100.0%

Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election.

Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Susan Whelan 22,052 46.1% -9.1%
New Democratic Gerry Bastien 14,180 29.6% +1.9%
Reform John Larsen 8,545 17.9% +4.7%
Progressive Conservative Dave Wylupek 3,086 6.4% +3.2%
Total valid votes 47,863 100.0%

Essex—Windsor 1970-1996[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Susan Whelan 25,200 55.1% +13.8%
New Democratic Steven Langdon 12,650 27.7% -16.4%
Reform John Larsen 6,029 13.2%
Progressive Conservative Brian Payne 1,481 3.2% -11.1%
National George Opacic 194 0.4%
Marxist–Leninist Paul Hawkins 83 0.2%
Commonwealth of Canada Vlado Zugaj 67 0.1%
Total valid votes 45,704 100.0%
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic Steven Langdon 18,926 44.1% +4.8%
Liberal Ray Robinet 17,715 41.3% +12.2%
Progressive Conservative Ted Aver 6,154 14.3% -17.3%
Independent Margaret Villamizar 98 0.2%
Total valid votes 42,893 100.0%
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic Steven Langdon 18,746 39.3% -0.5%
Progressive Conservative John Martel 15,073 31.6% +22.9%
Liberal Brian Ducharme 13,866 29.1% -22.2%
Total valid votes 47,685 100.0%
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Eugene Whelan 24,651 51.3% +7.0%
New Democratic Steven Langdon 19,123 39.8% -0.7%
Progressive Conservative Kathy Flood 4,184 8.7% -6.2%
Marxist–Leninist Peter Ewart 103 0.2% -0.1%
Total valid votes 48,061 100.0%
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Eugene Whelan 20,373 44.3% -10.9%
New Democratic Steven Langdon 18,603 40.4% +5.0%
Progressive Conservative Kathy Flood 6,875 14.9% 5.6%
Marxist–Leninist Pete Ewart 144 0.3%
Total valid votes 45,995 100.0%
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Eugene Whelan 24,357 55.2% +7.1%
New Democratic Charles Brooks 15,656 35.5% -4.6%
Progressive Conservative Dennis Herring 4,148 9.4% -2.6%
Total valid votes 44,161 100.0%
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Eugene Whelan 19,793 48.0% -1.7%
New Democratic Ralph N. Wensley 16,503 40.0% +8.3%
Progressive Conservative Edmund A. Michael 4,929 12.0% -6.6%
Total valid votes 41,225 100.0%

Essex 1966-1970[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal Eugene Whelan 14,707 49.7%
New Democratic Ralph N. Wensley 9,399 31.8%
Progressive Conservative Tom Taylor 5,485 18.5%
Total valid votes 29,591 100.0%

Essex 1867-1882[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative J.C. Patterson 2,596 52.5%
Liberal William McGregor 2,318 46.9% -23.2%
Unknown J.H. Morgan 27 0.5%
Total valid votes 4,941 100.0%
Canadian federal by-election, 22 October 1874
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
On Mr. McGregor being unseated on petition, 26 August 1874
Liberal William McGregor 1,763 70.2% +11.4%
Unknown Jeremiah O'Connor 750 29.8% -11.4%
Total valid votes 2,513 100.0%
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal William McGregor 2,508 58.7%
Unknown O'Connor 1,763 41.3%
Total valid votes 4,271 100.0%
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative John O'Connor 1,999 61.8% +11.6%
Unknown A. Rankin 1,238 38.2% -11.6%
Total valid votes 3,237 100.0%
Canadian federal election, 1867
Party Candidate Votes %
Conservative John O'Connor 1,439 50.1%
Unknown A. Rankin 1,432 49.9%
Total valid votes 2,871 100.0%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°07′41″N 82°47′13″W / 42.128°N 82.787°W / 42.128; -82.787