Estimates of the Palestinian Refugee flight of 1948

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This article lists the various interim and final United Nations estimates for the number of Palestinian people who fled or were expelled from the area that became part of Israel after the 1948 Palestine war. It also provides other interim and final estimates for the number of Palestinian refugees for that period.

UN estimates[edit]

Estimate of number of people who left or fled the area captured by Israel[edit]

Final estimates[edit]

Interim estimates[edit]

Estimates of total number of people who registered as refugees[edit]

Other estimates of flight or refugees[edit]

Final[edit]

  • 400,000 "Israeli government estimate" according to Elia Zureik[12]
  • 539,000 According to Dr. Walter Pinner, Dr.Econ, Halle-Wittenberg University[13]
  • 600,000 According to Joseph B. Schechtman[14]
  • 600,000 – 700,000 According to Nicole Brackman[15]
  • 630,000 According to Yoram Ettinger[16]
  • 700,000 According to Benny Morris[17]
  • 720,000 According to Irving Howe and Carl Gershman[18]
  • 750,000 – 800,000 "Private Palestinian sources" according to Elia Zureik[12]
  • 800,000 – According to Amira Howeidy[19]
  • 800,000 According to Elia Zureik[12]
  • 800,000 According to Baha Abushaqra[20]
  • 800,000 – Walter Eytan, head of Israeli Foreign Affairs Ministry, in a private letter of 1950[17]
  • 800,000 – 900,000 "Palestinian figures" according to Elia Zureik[12]
  • 804,767 According to Salman Abu-Sitta[21][note 8]
  • 850,000 "United Nations estimate" according to Elia Zureik[12]
  • 900,000+ According to www.humanrightshouse.org[22]
  • 900,000 According to Abdel-Azim Hammad[23]
  • 935,000 According to Salman Abu-Sitta[24]

Interim[edit]

  • 200,000+ by May, 1948 according to Joseph E. Katz[25]
  • 250,000 by May, 1948 according to www.mideastweb.org[26]
  • 300,000 by May, 1948 according to Noam Chomsky[27]
  • 380,000 by 15 May 1948 according to Dr. Ilan Pappe of Haifa University[28]
  • 500,000 by June, 1948 according to Salman Abu-Sitta[24]
  • 630,000 by July, 1948 according to Salman Abu-Sitta[24]
  • 700,000 by October, 1948 according to Salman Abu-Sitta[24]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ This estimate by the UN Conciliation Commission has been repeated in a number of other UN documents.[2][3] The number was calculated by estimating the number of non-Jews living within the borders of Israel at the end of 1947 and subtracting the number of remaining non-Jews living within the borders of Israel after the war. It does not include an estimated 25,000 border-line refugees – refugees who lost their livelihood because their village land was located in Israeli-occupied territory, while the village house remained in Arab territory. The figure was later revised down by the UN Concilation Commission to 711,000.[4]
  2. ^ The Committee believed the estimate to be "as accurate as circumstances permit", and attributed the higher number on relief to, among other things, "duplication of ration cards, addition of persons who have been displaced from area other than Israel-held areas and of persons who, although not displaced, are destitute."
  3. ^ Figure refers only to people registered as refugees.
  4. ^ Figure refers only to people registered as refugees.
  5. ^ Figure inflated because "all births are eagerly announced, the deaths wherever possible are passed over in silence, and as the birthrate is high in any case, a net addition of 30,000 names a year".[10] The figure includes descendants of the Palestinian refugees born after the Palestinian exodus up to June 1951.
  6. ^ Figure does not match official UNRWA estimates submitted to the UN.
  7. ^ Figure later revised down to 876,000 by UNRWA after "many false and duplicate registrations weeded out."[10]
  8. ^ Figure calculated by using the official village statistics of 1944/1945 and upgraded to 1948/1949 by taking a net natural increase of 3.8% for four years. The number of non-Jews remaining in Israel was then deducted from the total count.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A/AC.25/6/Part.1". United Nations. 28 December 1949. p. 21. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Right of return of the Palestinian People – CEIRPP, SUPR study". United Nations. United Nations. 1 November 1978. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Anniversaries of significant events in the history of the Palestinian people – Information note". United Nations. 31 December 1987. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "A/1367/Rev.1". United Nations. 23 October 1950. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "U.N. General Assembly Official Records, 5th Session, Supplement No. 18, Document A/1367/Rev. 1". United Nations. 23 October 1950. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  6. ^ U.N. General Assembly Official Records, 3rd Session, Supplement No. 11, Document A/648
  7. ^ UN General Assembly Official Records, 3rd Session Supplement No. 11A, Document A/689
  8. ^ "A/AC.25/W/81/Rev.2". United Nations. 2 October 1961. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "U.N. General Assembly Official Records, 6th Session, Supplement No. 16, Document A/1905". United Nations. United Nations. 28 September 1951. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "A/1905". United Nations. 28 September 1951. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Who is a Palestine refugee?". UNRWA. Archived from the original on 16 July 2009. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c d e Zureik, Elia (23 October 1998). "Palestinian Refugees and the Middle East Peace Process". Palestinian Refugee ResearchNet. Archived from the original on 9 June 2007. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  13. ^ Pinner, Walter (1959). How Many Arab Refugees: A Critical Study of UNRWA's Statistics and Reports. University of Michigan: Macgibbon & Kee. p. 61. 
  14. ^ Schechtman, Joseph B. (1952). The Arab Refugee Problem. University of Michigan: Philosophical Library. 
  15. ^ Brackman, Nicole (15 January 2001). "Israel's Reddest of Red Lines". Updates from AIJAC. AIJAC. Archived from the original on 6 March 2001. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  16. ^ Ettinger, Yoram (12 February 2001). "The 1948 Palestinian Refugees – Whose Responsibility?". Jerusalem Cloakroom. Ariel Center for Policy Research. Archived from the original on 20 April 2001. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  17. ^ a b Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge Middle East Studies 18. Cambridge University Press. pp. 602–604. 
  18. ^ Howe, Irving; Gershman, Carl (1972). Israel, the Arabs and the Middle East. New York: Bantam. p. 168. 
  19. ^ Howeidy, Amira (13 May 2004). "Profile: Salman Abu Sitta: Right of Return". Al-Ahram Weekly. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  20. ^ Abushaqra, Baha (24 October 2002). "The Palestinian Refugee Problem & the Right of Return". Middle East Journal. Archived from the original on 14 June 2006. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  21. ^ Abu-Sitta, Salman (7 August 2001). "The Unfolding of the Holocaust". Palestine Remembered. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  22. ^ "The Palestinian Refugees (1948–2004)". Human House Rights Network. Archived from the original on 13 March 2007. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  23. ^ Hammad, Abdel-Azim (15 July 1999). "Murder, expulsion – and silence". Al-Ahram Weekly. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  24. ^ a b c d "Books: 'From Refugees To Citizens At Home: Al Nakba Anatomy'". Palestine Land Society. Archived from the original on 21 February 2007. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  25. ^ Katz, Joseph E. (1973). "Arab Refugees and the Right of Return". Battleground: Fact & Fantasy in Palestine. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  26. ^ "The Palestinian Refugees". MidEastWeb for Coexistence R.A. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  27. ^ Chomsky, Noam. Understanding Power: The Indispensable Chomsky. New Press. pp. 131–132. ISBN 9781565847033. 
  28. ^ Pappe, Ilan. The Making of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1947–51. London: I. B. Taurus. pp. 85, 96. 

See also[edit]