Eurovision Young Musicians

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Eurovision Young Musicians
Eurovision Young Musicians 2014 logo.jpg
Logo of the 2014 Young Musicians in Cologne, Germany
Genre Music contest
Theme music composer Marc-Antoine Charpentier
Opening theme Te Deum (Prelude (Marche en rondeau))
Original language(s) English
No. of episodes 17 contests
Production company(s) European Broadcasting Union
Distributor Eurovision
Broadcast
Original run 11 May 1982 (1982-05-11) – present
Chronology
Related shows Eurovision Song Contest (1956–)
Eurovision Young Dancers (1985–)
Junior Eurovision Song Contest (2003–)
Eurovision Dance Contest (2007–2008)
External links
Official website

Eurovision Young Musicians is a competition for European musicians that are 18 years old or younger. It is organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and held every two years, with some countries holding national heats.

The first edition of the Eurovision Young Musicians took place in Manchester, United Kingdom on the 11 May 1982 and 6 countries took part. The contest was won by Markus Pawlik from West Germany, who played the piano. The most recent edition of this competition took place in Cologne, Germany on the 31 May 2014 and was won by Ziyu He, who played the violin for Austria.

The current Executive Supervisor of the competition, on behalf of the EBU, is Vladislav Yakovlev.[1]

History[edit]

The Eurovision Young Musicians, inspired by the success of the BBC Young Musician of the Year, is a biennial competition organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) for European musicians that are 18 years old or younger. Some participating countries held national heats in order to select their representatives for the contest. The first edition of the Eurovision Young Musicians took place in Manchester, United Kingdom on the 11 May 1982 and 6 countries took part.[2]

The BBC Young Musician of the Year is a televised national music competition. Broadcast originally on BBC Two biennially, and then on BBC Four years later, despite the name, and hosted by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).[2] The competition, a member of European Union of Music Competitions for Youth, is designed for British percussion, keyboard, string, brass and woodwind players, all of whom must be eighteen years of age or under on 1 January in the relevant year.[3]

The competition was established in 1978 by Humphrey Burton and Walter Todds, both of whom are former members of the BBC Television Music Department.[2] Michael Hext, a trombonist, was the inaugural winner. In 1994, the usage of percussion instruments was first permitted, alongside the existing keyboard, string, brass and woodwind categories.[2] Since its introduction, the allowance of percussion instruments has increased interest in the competition among young people.[2] The competition has five stages, which consist of regional auditions, category auditions, category finals, semi-finals and the final.[4] As a result of the success of the competition, the Eurovision Young Musicians competition was initiated in 1982.[2]

Format[edit]

Each country is represented by one young talented musician that performs a piece of classical music of his or her choice accompanied by the local orchestra and a jury (composed by international experts) decides the top 3 participants. Prior to 2014, a semi-final took place a few days before the Contest, and the jury decided as well which countries qualified for the final.[5]

Participation[edit]

Participation since 1982:
  Entered at least once
  Never entered, although eligible to do so
  Competed as a part of another country (Yugoslavia), but never as a sovereignty

Forty-one countries have participated in the Eurovision Young Musicians since it started in 1982. Of these, ten have won the contest. The contest, organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), is held biennially between members of the Union.

Participation in the contest is open to all active member broadcasters of the EBU. To be an active member, broadcasters must be in the European Broadcasting Area, or be in a Council of Europe member country.[6] Eligibility to participate is not determined by geographic inclusion within the continent of Europe, despite the "Euro" in "Eurovision" — nor does it have a direct connection with the European Union. Several countries geographically outside the boundaries of Europe have competed: Israel, Cyprus and Armenia, in Western Asia, since 1986, 1988 and 2012 respectively. In addition, several transcontinental countries with only part of their territory in Europe have competed: Russia, since 1994; and Georgia, since 2012. Listed below are all the countries that have taken part in the competition or are eligible to take part but have yet to do so.

Table key
  Withdrawn – Countries who have participated in the past but have withdrawn.
  Non-participation – eligible to participate but have not yet made their début.
Country Débutante year Withdrawing year Returning year Number of entries Wins Broadcaster(s)
 Albania 0 0
 Algeria 0 0
 Andorra 0 0
Armenia Armenia 2012 2014 1 0 AMPTV
Austria Austria 1982 17 5 ORF
 Azerbaijan 0 0
Belarus Belarus 2010 2014 2 0 BTRC
Belgium Belgium 1986 1996, 2008 2006 6 0 RTBF
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 2012 2014 1 0 BHBT
Bulgaria Bulgaria 2006 2008 1 0 BNT
Croatia Croatia 1994 1996, 2000 1998, 2002 9 0 HRT
Cyprus Cyprus 1988 1998, 2012 2002 10 0 CyBC
Czech Republic Czech Republic 2002 2004, 2008 2006, 2010 5 0 ČT
Denmark Denmark 1982 1984, 1996, 2006 1986, 2002 8 0 DR
 Egypt 0 0
Estonia Estonia 1994 1998, 2008 2002 4 0 ETV
Finland Finland 1984 1996, 2010 1998 12 0 YLE
France France 1982 1992, 1998, 2002 1994, 2000 8 1 TF1
France 3
Georgia (country) Georgia 2012 2014 1 0 GPB
Germany Germany 1982 1992, 1998, 2006 1994, 2002, 2008 13 2 ZDF (1982–2004)
WDR/ARD (2008)
WDR (2010–)
Greece Greece 1990 1992, 1996, 2004 1994, 2002, 2006 8 1 ERT (1990–2012)
NERIT (2014)
Hungary Hungary 1994 1996, 2002 2000, 2014 3 0 MTV
 Iceland 0 0
Republic of Ireland Ireland 1986 1992, 1996 1994 4 0 RTE
Israel Israel 1986 1988 1 0 IBA
Italy Italy 1986 1992, 2006 2002 5 0 RAI
 Jordan 0 0
Latvia Latvia 1994 2000, 2006 2002 5 0 LTV
 Lebanon 0 0
 Libya 0 0
Lithuania Lithuania 1994 1996 1 0 LRT
 Luxembourg 0 0
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia 1994 1996 1 0 MKRTV
Malta Malta 2014 1 0 PBS
Moldova Moldova 2014 1 0 TRM
 Monaco 0 0
 Montenegro 0 0
 Morocco 0 0
Netherlands Netherlands 1984 1992 2000 12 2 NOS
Norway Norway 1982 1984, 1998 1986, 2000 15 1 NRK
Poland Poland 1992 1998 2000 11 2 TVP
Portugal Portugal 1990 1992, 2014 1998 4 0 RTP
Romania Romania 2002 2012 5 0 TVR
Russia Russia 1994 1996, 2012 2000 7 0 RTR
 San Marino 0 0
Serbia Serbia 2008 2010 1 0 RTS
Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro 2006 2008 1 0 UJRT
Slovakia Slovakia 1998 2000 1 0 STV
Slovenia Slovenia 1994 1996, 2000, 2006 1998, 2004 8 1 RTVSLO
Spain Spain 1988 1996 4 0 TVE
Sweden Sweden 1986 1992, 1996, 2000, 2012 1994, 1998, 2002, 2014 11 1 SVT
Switzerland Switzerland 1982 1992, 1996, 2008 1994, 2002 10 0 SRG SSR
 Tunisia 0 0
 Turkey 0 0
Ukraine Ukraine 2008 2010, 2014 2012 2 0 NTU
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1982 1996, 2000, 2004, 2012 1998, 2002, 2006 12 1 BBC
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 1986 1994 4 0 JRT

List of winners[edit]

The 2008 winner, Dionysios Grammenos from Greece
2014 winner, Ziyu He
Year Date Host City Venue Winner Performer Instrument
1982 11 May United Kingdom Manchester Free Trade Hall West Germany Germany Markus Pawlik Piano
1984 22 May Switzerland Geneva Victoria Hall Netherlands Netherlands Isabelle Van Keulen Violin
1986 27 May Denmark Copenhagen Radiohuset France France Sandrine Lazarides Piano
1988 31 May Netherlands Amsterdam Concertgebouw Austria Austria Julian Rachlin Violin
1990 29 May Austria Vienna Musikverein Netherlands Netherlands Nick Van Oostrum Piano
1992 9 June Belgium Brussels Cirque Royal Poland Poland Bartłomiej Nizioł Violin
1994 14 June Poland Warsaw Philharmonic Concert Hall United Kingdom United Kingdom Natalie Clein Cello
1996 12 June Portugal Lisbon Cultural Centre of Belém Germany Germany Julia Fischer Violin
1998 4 June Austria Vienna Konzerthaus Austria Austria Lidia Baich Violin
2000 15 June Norway Bergen Grieg Hall Poland Poland Stanisław Drzewiecki Piano
2002 19 June Germany Berlin Konzerthaus Austria Austria Dalibor Karvay Violin
2004 27 May Switzerland Lucerne Culture and Congress Centre Austria Austria Alexandra Soumm Violin
2006 12 May Austria Vienna Rathausplatz Sweden Sweden Andreas Brantelid Cello
2008 9 May Austria Vienna Rathausplatz Greece Greece Dionysios Grammenos Clarinet
2010 14 May Austria Vienna Rathausplatz Slovenia Slovenia Eva Nina Kozmus Flute
2012 11 May Austria Vienna Rathausplatz Norway Norway Eivind Holtsmark Ringstad Viola
2014 31 May Germany Cologne Cologne Cathedral Austria Austria Ziyu He Violin
2016 TBA Germany Cologne[7] TBC

Medal list[edit]

Map showing each country's number of Young Musicians gold medal wins up to and including 2014
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Austria Austria 5 1 0 6
2 Germany Germany 2 2 0 4
3 Netherlands Netherlands 2 0 0 2
3 Poland Poland 2 0 0 2
5 Norway Norway 1 3 1 5
6 United Kingdom United Kingdom 1 1 2 4
7 France France 1 1 0 2
8 Sweden Sweden 1 0 1 2
9 Slovenia Slovenia 1 1 1 3
10 Greece Greece 1 0 0 1
11 Finland Finland 0 3 1 4
12 Switzerland Switzerland 0 1 1 2
13 Spain Spain 0 1 0 1
13 Latvia Latvia 0 1 0 1
13 Croatia Croatia 0 1 0 1
16 Russia Russia 0 0 4 4
17 Belgium Belgium 0 0 2 2
18 Armenia Armenia 0 0 1 1
18 Hungary Hungary 0 0 1 1
18 Italy Italy 0 0 1 1
18 Estonia Estonia 0 0 1 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Organizers on behalf of the European Broadcasting Union". 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "History. How it all started". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). Archived from the original on 7 April 2008. Retrieved 6 March 2008. 
  3. ^ "BBC Young Musician of the Year". BBC. Retrieved 4 March 2008. 
  4. ^ "Stages of the Competition". BBC. Retrieved 3 March 2008. 
  5. ^ "All you need to know about Young Musicians 2012". 
  6. ^ European Broadcasting Union (22 February 2006). Membership conditions. Retrieved on 2 February 2008.
  7. ^ "WDR and Cologne chosen to host 2016 competition". Youngmusicians.tv. 9 December 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014. 

External links[edit]