Eurovision Young Musicians
|Eurovision Young Musicians|
Logo of the Eurovision Young Musicians.
|Theme music composer||Marc-Antoine Charpentier|
|Opening theme||Te Deum (Prelude (Marche en rondeau))|
|Ending theme||Te Deum (Prelude (Marche en rondeau))|
|No. of episodes||17 contests|
|Production company(s)||European Broadcasting Union|
|Original run||11 May 1982– present|
|Related shows||Eurovision Song Contest (1956–)
Eurovision Young Dancers (1985–)
Junior Eurovision Song Contest (2003–)
Eurovision Dance Contest (2007–2008)
The Eurovision Young Musicians (French: L'Eurovision des Jeunes Musiciens), often shortened to EYM, or Young Musicians, is a biennial music competition for European musicians that are 18 years old or younger. It is organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and broadcast on television throughout Europe, with some countries holding national heats.
The first edition of the Eurovision Young Musicians took place in Manchester, United Kingdom on the 11 May 1982 and 6 countries took part. The contest was won by Markus Pawlik from West Germany, who played the piano. The most recent edition of this competition took place in Cologne, Germany on the 31 May 2014 and was won by Ziyu He, who played the violin for Austria.
The Eurovision Young Musicians, inspired by the success of the BBC Young Musician of the Year, is a biennial competition organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) for European musicians that are 18 years old or younger. Some participating countries held national heats in order to select their representatives for the contest. The first edition of the Eurovision Young Musicians took place in Manchester, United Kingdom on the 11 May 1982 and 6 countries took part.
The BBC Young Musician of the Year is a televised national music competition. Broadcast originally on BBC Two biennially, and then on BBC Four years later, despite the name, and hosted by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). The competition, a member of European Union of Music Competitions for Youth, is designed for British percussion, keyboard, string, brass and woodwind players, all of whom must be eighteen years of age or under on 1 January in the relevant year.
The competition was established in 1978 by Humphrey Burton and Walter Todds, both of whom are former members of the BBC Television Music Department. Michael Hext, a trombonist, was the inaugural winner. In 1994, the usage of percussion instruments was first permitted, alongside the existing keyboard, string, brass and woodwind categories. Since its introduction, the allowance of percussion instruments has increased interest in the competition among young people. The competition has five stages, which consist of regional auditions, category auditions, category finals, semi-finals and the final. As a result of the success of the competition, the Eurovision Young Musicians competition was initiated in 1982.
Each country is represented by one young talented musician that performs a piece of classical music of his or her choice accompanied by the local orchestra and a jury (composed by international experts) decides the top 3 participants. Prior to 2014, a semi-final took place a few days before the Contest, and the jury decided as well which countries qualified for the final.
Eligible participants include primarily Active Members (as opposed to Associate Members) of the EBU. Active members are those who are located in states that fall within the European Broadcasting Area, or are member states of the Council of Europe.
- The "European Broadcasting Area" is bounded on the west by the western boundary of Region 1, on the east by the meridian 40° East of Greenwich and on the south by the parallel 30° North so as to include the northern part of Saudi Arabia and that part of those countries bordering the Mediterranean within these limits. In addition, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and those parts of the territories of Iraq, Jordan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey and Ukraine lying outside the above limits are included in the European Broadcasting Area.[a]
The western boundary of Region 1 is defined by a line running from the North Pole along meridian 10° West of Greenwich to its intersection with parallel 72° North; thence by great circle arc to the intersection of meridian 50° West and parallel 40° North; thence by great circle arc to the intersection of meridian 20° West and parallel 10° South; thence along meridian 20° West to the South Pole.
Active members include broadcasting organisations whose transmissions are made available to at least 98% of households in their own country which are equipped to receive such transmissions. If an EBU Active Member wishes to participate, they must fulfil conditions as laid down by the rules of the contest (of which a separate copy is drafted annually).
Eligibility to participate is not determined by geographic inclusion within the continent of Europe, despite the "Euro" in "Eurovision" – nor does it have any relation to the European Union. Several countries geographically outside the boundaries of Europe have competed: Israel, Cyprus and Armenia, in Western Asia, since 1986, 1988 and 2012 respectively. In addition, several transcontinental countries with only part of their territory in Europe have competed: Russia, since 1994; and Georgia, since 2012. Listed below are all the countries that have taken part in the competition or are eligible to take part but have yet to do so.
Forty-one countries have participated in the Eurovision Young Musicians since it started in 1982. Of these, ten have won the contest. The contest, organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), is held biennially between members of the Union.
|Year||Country making its début entry|
Most of the expense of the contest is covered by commercial sponsors and contributions from the other participating nations. The contest is considered to be a unique opportunity for promoting the host country as a tourist destination. The table below shows a list of cities and venues that have hosted the Eurovision Young Musicians, one or more times. Future venues are shown in italics. With 6 contests, Austria and its capital, Vienna have hosted the most contests.
As of 2014, there have been seventeen editions of the Eurovision Young Musicians competition, a biennial musicians contest organised by member countries of the European Broadcasting Union, with each contest having one winner.
Winners by year
Winners by country
- ABU Song Festivals
- Bundesvision Song Contest
- Cân i Gymru
- Caribbean Song Festival
- Eurovision Dance Contest
- Eurovision Song Contest
- Eurovision Young Dancers
- Intervision Song Contest
- Junior Eurovision Song Contest
- OGAE Second Chance Contest
- OGAE Video Contest
- Sopot International Song Festival
- Türkvizyon Song Contest
Notes and references
- "Organizers on behalf of the European Broadcasting Union".
- "History. How it all started". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). Archived from the original on 7 April 2008. Retrieved 6 March 2008.
- "BBC Young Musician of the Year". BBC. Retrieved 4 March 2008.
- "Stages of the Competition". BBC. Retrieved 3 March 2008.
- "All you need to know about Young Musicians 2012".
- "Membership conditions". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "ITU-R Radio Regulations 2012-2015" (PDF). International Telecommunication Union, available from the Spectrum Management Authority of Jamaica. 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Radio Regulations". International Telecommunication Union. 8 September 2005. Retrieved 18 July 2006.
- "Eurovision Young Musicians - History by year". youngmusicians.tv. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- "Eurovision Young Musicians - History by country". youngmusicians.tv. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- "WDR and Cologne chosen to host 2016 competition". Youngmusicians.tv. 9 December 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "ITU-R Radio Regulations - Articles edition of 2004 (valid in 2004-2007)" (PDF). International Telecommunication Union. 2004.