Eva Golinger

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Eve Winifred Golinger
Eva Golinger 2012.jpg
Born (1973-02-19) February 19, 1973 (age 41)
Langley Field, Virginia, United States
Alma mater Sarah Lawrence College, City University of New York School of Law
Spouse(s) Gustavo Moncada (divorced)

Eva Golinger (born Eve Winifred Golinger; February 19, 1973) is an American-born[1] attorney and naturalized Venezuelan citizen who edits the Correo del Orinoco International, a web- and print-based newspaper which is financed by the Venezuelan government.[2][3] Golinger is also a member of the Venezuelanalysis.com team.[4][5][6] In a 2011 profile in The New York Times she was described as "one of the most prominent fixtures of Venezuela’s expanding state propaganda complex", and her newspaper as "Venezuela's equivalent of the Cuban newspaper Granma".[7] "I'm a soldier for this revolution," she told The New York Times.

Golinger is the author of several books on Venezuela's relationship with the United States. She is an outspoken supporter of the former socialist president of Venezuela, the late Hugo Chávez.[8] As of May 2011 she serves as a foreign policy advisor to the Venezuelan government.[9] Chávez has called her La novia de Venezuela ("The Girlfriend of Venezuela").[10] According to the National Catholic Reporter in 2004 Golinger was "head of the pro-Chávez Venezuela Solidarity Committee in New York".[11] Her website, venezuelafoia.info, aims to shed light on what she calls links between U.S. government agencies and Venezuelan organizations by publishing documents obtained using the U.S. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).[12]

Golinger is a weekly host for a television show on RT Network, a television channel financed by the government of Russia[7] and a member of the International Organization for a Participatory Society.[13]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Golinger was born in Langley Airforce Base, Virginia on February 19th, 1973.[14] to Ronald Golinger, a US Air Force Surgeon, and Elizabeth Golinger (neé Calderon), an Attorney of Venezuelan and Cuban descent.[1] Golinger's great-grandfather was Francisco Calderon, a Venezuelan killed during the period of Juan Vicente Gómez's rule.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Golinger is a graduate of Sarah Lawrence College (1994).[15][16] She initially studied music, before switching to political science and law, and developed an interest in what she says is the role of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in regime change around the world.[16] She completed her Juris Doctorate (JD) in international human rights law in 2003 at City University of New York School of Law.[15]

First Visit to Venezuela[edit]

Golinger went to Venezuela for the first time in 1993 to learn more of her great-grandfather and explore her Venezuelan roots.[17] and spent five years in Mérida from the mid-1990s on.[18] Golinger naturalized as a Venezuelan citizen in 2004[19] and was issued a Cedula identity card[20]

Marriage[edit]

Golinger met her husband Gustavo Moncada[21] while living in Mérida. The two moved to New York City to pursue her law degree from City University of New York but divorced soon afterwards due to strain Golinger attributed to her increased political activity.[22]

Books[edit]

Golinger is the author of several books on Venezuela's relationship with the United States, based on research using the U.S. Freedom of Information Act on what she describes as links between U.S. government agencies and Venezuelan organizations, particularly in relation to the 2002 Venezuelan coup d'état attempt. Her books are published by the Venezuelan government's information ministry and are both celebrated and launched at ministry events that often include the participation of high level Venezuelan government officials.[23][24][25]

Her first book, The Chávez Code (2006), was presented in Havana at a government-sponsored event; its preface was co-authored by Rogelio Polanco, Cuban Ambassador to Venezuela[26][27] since August 2009. It then arrived in Venezuela.[28] It has been published in six languages, and a film is being made.[16] This book was introduced by the Venezuelan Vice President Jose Vicente Rangel.[23]

A review of her first book by Veneconomy, a political and economic research publication in Venezuela,[29] claims that Golinger manipulated sources and states that the documents she cites in the text of the book do not correspond to the footnotes in the book: "In none of the cases where she makes a specific citation of an official [U.S. government] document is there a quote affirming what she states." Veneconomy claims that Golinger attributes quotations that do not exist. Veneconomy's review said it found dozens of instances of what they considered sloppy work, manipulation of sources, false and chronologically inaccurate claims, and amateur historiography.[28]

In 2009 Golinger co-authored another book (with Jean-Guy Allard) called La Agresión Permanente ("The Permanent Aggression"), published by the Venezuelan Ministry of Information.[15][30]

Chavez and Venezuela activism[edit]

The Center for Public Integrity describes Golinger as "a writer at the pro-Chávez Web site, Venezuelanalysis.com" and says she was asked in 2003 by the Venezuela Information Office (VIO) to be the member of a "rapid response team to combat news articles and editorials critical of Chávez". According to Golinger, the "VIO's communications were not significant, and ... 'Long before that office came into existence ... I was writing articles about Venezuela and engaging in efforts to educate on Venezuelan current affairs'."[5]

The New York Times described Golinger's website, Venezuelafoia.info as "pro-Chavez" and noted in 2004 that she uncovered " ... documents [that] form part of an offensive by pro-Chávez activists who aim to show that the United States has, at least tacitly, supported the opposition's unconstitutional efforts to remove the president. Golinger ... obtained reams of documents from the National Endowment for Democracy, a nonprofit agency financed by the United States government, that show that $2.2 million was spent from 2000 to 2003 to train or finance anti-Chávez parties and organizations."[12] According to The New York Times, "The documents do not show that the United States backed the coup, as Mr. Chávez has charged. Instead, the documents show that American officials issued 'repeated warnings that the United States will not support any extraconstitutional moves to oust Chávez.'"[12] However, the documents also showed that American officials knew a coup attempt was brewing.[12]

Furthermore, the New York Times has distinguished Golinger as being very close to the Chavez Presidency, to the extent that she has even accompanied diplomatic envoys with the late Chavez to Iran, Libya, and Syria. The news source reported that Golinger has "since emerged as one of the most prominent fixtures of Venezuela’s expanding state propaganda complex...Reviled by the president’s critics, she appears on state television whenever tension ratchets up between Washington and Caracas, as it did recently in a spat over ambassadors, to explain the motives of the 'empire', the term used [in Venezuela] for the United States."[31]

Views on foreign leaders[edit]

Golinger has traveled extensively with President Chavez on foreign trips, including a seven-country tour in 2010. She described Belarus's Aleksandr Lukashenko as “really nice”, and his government as "not a dictatorship". She dined with Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and gave him a copy of her book describing him as "gentle" at their meeting. "Chávez presented me as his defender to Ahmadinejad", she told the New York Times.[7]

Publications[edit]

  • The Chavez Code: Cracking US Intervention in Venezuela, Pluto Press, 2006
  • Bush Versus Chávez: Washington's War on Venezuela, Monthly Review Press, 2008[32]
  • Bush Vs. Chavez: Washington's War on Venezuela, Aakar Books, 2008,[33]
  • (Spanish) La Telaraña Imperial: Enciclopedia de Injerencia y Subversión (Empire's Web: Encyclopedia of Interventionism and Subversion), Caracas: Monte Ávila Editores, 2008[16]
  • (Spanish) (with Jean-Guy Allard), La Agresión Permanente: USAID, NED y CIA, Caracas: Ministerio del Poder Poder Popular para la Comunicación y la Información, 2009
  • (Spanish) La Mirada del Imperio sobre el 4F: Los Documentos Desclasificados de Washington sobre la rebelión militar del 4 de febrero de 1992, Caracas: IDEA Fondo Editorial, 2009

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/05/world/americas/05venezuela.html?_r=0. "She then settled here in 2005, after obtaining Venezuelan citizenship in 2004 thanks to legislation that she said allowed her to “reclaim” it because of her ancestry."  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Carroll, Rory (7 March 2010). "Why being a satirist is no joke in Hugo Chávez's Venezuela". Guardian online. Retrieved 10 March 2010. 
  3. ^ "Chavez in driver's seat as he silences his critics". The New Zealand Herald (via LexisNexis). 10 March 2010. 
    * (Spanish) "AN aprueba crédito para aumentar tiraje del Correo del Orinoco". Correo del Orinoco. 3 February 2010. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  4. ^ . Venezuelanalysis http://venezuelanalysis.com/donate. Retrieved 27 April 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ a b Bogardus, Keven (22 September 2004). Venezuela Head Polishes Image With Oil Dollars: President Hugo Chavez takes his case to America's streets. Center for Public Integrity. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
  6. ^ About venezuelanalysis.com. Venezuelanalysis.com. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
  7. ^ a b c Romero, Simon (4 February 2011). "In Venezuela, an American Has the President’s Ear". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  8. ^ Romero, Simon, (26 October 2009). "Michael Moore Irks Supporters of Chávez". New York Times
  9. ^ [1][dead link]
  10. ^ Golinger, Eva (10 January 2010). Eva Golinger Describes Curacao as the Third Frontier of the United States. Salem-News.com. Retrieved 22 February 2010
  11. ^ Jones, Bart (2 April 2004). "U.S. funds aid Chavez opposition: National Endowment for Democracy at center of dispute in Venezuela". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
  12. ^ a b c d Forero, Juan (3 December 2004). "Documents Show C.I.A. Knew of a Coup Plot in Venezuela". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
  13. ^ "International Organization for a Participatory Society: Consultative Committee". International Organization for a Participatory Society. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  14. ^ International Organization for a Participatory Society. http://www.iopsociety.org/profile/evagolinger.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ a b c (Spanish) Allard, Jean-Guy and Eva Golinger (2009), La Agresión Permanente: USAID, NED y CIA (PDF), Caracas: Ministerio del Poder Poder Popular para la Comunicación y la Información, p5
  16. ^ a b c d Golinger, Eva (18 November 2008). My new book is out! The Empire's web: encyclopedia of interventionism and subversion. Postcards from the Revolution. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
  17. ^ "Eva Golinger: "Escribir me rescata de la soledad"". 
  18. ^ Eva Golinger. Axis of Logic. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
  19. ^ "In Venezuela, an American Has the President’s Ear". "“He didn’t like what I was doing, so it was the reason for the split,” Ms. Golinger said. She then settled here in 2005, after obtaining Venezuelan citizenship in 2004 thanks to legislation that she said allowed her to “reclaim” it because of her ancestry." 
  20. ^  (Report). http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-EpivmlCNXn4/UVMTw5QUyqI/AAAAAAAACHE/Bi8K7y393x0/s1600/Screen+Shot+2013-03-27+at+15.35.50.png.
  21. ^ http://www.maduradas.com/una-joyita-pues-conoce-los-guisos-y-delitos-de-eva-golinger-pruebas/. "Golinger ha dicho que se casó con un tal Gustavo Moncada en los 90"  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  22. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/05/world/americas/05venezuela.html. "But she said the marriage came under strain as she grew more involved in pro-Chávez political activities."  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. ^ a b [2][dead link]
  24. ^ [3][dead link]
  25. ^ [4][dead link]
  26. ^ [5][dead link]
  27. ^ "Cuba - Contra la guerra y el terrorismo mediático. Noticias, debate, opinion". Archivo.cubadebate.cu. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  28. ^ a b "Articulos" (pdf). Veneconomy.com. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  29. ^ "Bienvenidos a Veneconomía". Veneconomy.com. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  30. ^ (Spanish) Presentado libro "La agresión permanente" de Eva Golinger y Jean-Guy Allard en Feria del Libro de Venezuela. Agencia Bolivariana de Noticias (ABN), 21 November 2009. Retrieved 23 February 2010.
  31. ^ Romero, Simon. "In Venezuela, an American Has the President's Ear." The New York Times. The New York Times, 04 Feb. 2011. Web. 16 Apr. 2014.
  32. ^ Dinneen, Mark (2009), Bush Versus Chávez: Washington's War on Venezuela - by Golinger, Eva", Bulletin of Latin American Research, 28(2):287–288. doi:10.1111/j.1470-9856.2008.0298_3.x
  33. ^ Browse by Authors. "Bush Vs. Chavez: Washington's War on Venezuela". aakarbooks.com. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 

External links[edit]