|Artist||Robert William Davidson|
|Dimensions||150 cm × 30 cm × 61 cm (5 ft × 1 ft × 2 ft)|
|Location||Indianapolis, Indiana, United States|
|Owner||Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis|
Eve is an outdoor sculpture of the biblical Eve created by Robert William Davidson in 1931. It is currently located in the HITS Building at 410 West 10th Street on the campus of Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI). The overall dimensions of this bronze sculpture are 5’ tall, 2’ long, and 1’ wide.
Eve is a sculpture of a nude female figure standing on a circular bronze base which measures 17” in diameter and 2” tall. She is standing with her proper left foot pointed forward and her proper right foot is perpendicular to the left, pointing right. Her arms are crossed behind her head and she is looking down and to her left. Her hairstyle is such that all of her forehead and both of her ears are visible. “Robert Davidson” is visible on the proper left side of the top of the base.
The statue was nicknamed “Flo” for Florence Nightingale by the nursing students at IUPUI. The graduating class often posed around the statue for a photo in the 1940s. In the 1950s and 1960s it became a tradition to dress the sculpture in a nurse’s pink training uniform at graduation time. She has also been decorated with women’s undergarments, towels, and balloons over time.
Eve was commissioned by the Indiana University Alumni Nurses Association in 1931. They wanted a statue to put in the newly created Ball Gardens just north of the nurses’ Ball Residence. It was cast by the Priessmann, Breuer, and Co. Foundry in Munich, Germany.
Robert Davidson was born in Indianapolis, Indiana in 1904. He was an apprentice to his father, Oscar Davidson, also an artist. He studied sculpture at the John Herron Art Institute ( now the Herron School of Art), the Art Institute of Chicago, the School of American Sculpture in New York City, and the Bavarian Fine Arts Academy in Munich, Germany.
Davidson’s wife, Maryetta, was an Indiana ceramics artist and they both graduated from the John Herron Art Institute in 1926. They moved to Saratoga Springs, New York where Davidson taught art at Skidmore College from 1934 to 1972.
Davidson is a nationally known artist whose work is in the collections of the Indianapolis Museum of Art and the Smithsonian. He has won many awards for his works including the Art Association Prize at the Herron Art Institute in 1925, the Harry Johnson Prize from Hoosier Salon in 1930, and two first prize wins at the Indiana State Fair in 1923 and 1924. He died in Schenectady, New York in 1982.
Eve was first shown at the 1933 Chicago World’s Fair. She was then displayed at the Hoosier Salon in Chicago, and then in the John Herron School of Art. She was finally installed in the middle of a fountain in Ball Gardens by 1937. She is currently housed in the HITS Building on the IUPUI campus. As of November 16, 2009, an interpretive sign accompanying her in her temporary location states, “Removed from the fountain in 1997 because of total ground instability. Temporarily placed here, in the Health Information and Translational Services Building, while awaiting rehabilitation of the Ball Nurse’s Sunken Garden and Convalescent Park. When that is achieved, she will be returned to her place of honor as the centerpiece of the garden,” which is near the corner of North and West Drives.
A Museum Studies course at IUPUI recently undertook the project of researching and reporting on the condition of 40 outdoor sculptures on the university campus. Eve was included in this movement. This documentation was influenced by the successful Save Outdoor Sculpture! 1989 campaign organized by Heritage Preservation: The National Institute of Conservation partnered with the Smithsonian Institution, specifically the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Throughout the 1990s, over 7,000 volunteers nationwide have cataloged and assessed the condition of over 30,000 publicly accessible statues, monuments, and sculptures installed as outdoor public art across the United States.
- Save Outdoor Sculpture, Indiana Survey (1992). "Eve, (sculpture)". SIRIS. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved July 7, 2010.
- "Jaguars Spirit! Tradition: Student Contributions". iupui.edu. 2009. Retrieved November 25, 2009.
- "Eve.". siris.si.edu. 2004. Retrieved November 25, 2009.
- Jennifer L. Hehman (2009). "Biography of Robert Davidson". AskART. askart.com. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
- "IUPUI Virtual Tour: Art.". iupui.edu. 2009. Retrieved November 25, 2009.
- "Jaguars Spirit! The Campus: Ball Gardens.". iupui.edu. 2009. Retrieved November 25, 2009.
- "About SOS!". heritagepreservation.org. 2009. Retrieved November 25, 2009.
- Photo Collection of IUPUI Sculptures
- IUPUI Virtual Tour: Art
- Digital Collections of IUPUI University Library - Eve
- Indianapolis Museum of Art Online Art Collection: Robert William Davidson