Evesham (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Evesham
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1295, 1604–1885
Number of members two until 1868, then one
Worcestershire, Evesham
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851950
Number of members one

Evesham was a parliamentary constituency in Worcestershire which was represented in the British House of Commons. Originally a parliamentary borough consisting of the town of Evesham, it was first represented in 1295. After this its franchise lapsed for several centuries, but it then returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) from 1604 until 1868, when its representation was reduced to one member under the Representation of the People Act 1867.

From the 1885 general election, Evesham was abolished as a borough but the name was transferred to a larger county constituency electing one MP. This constituency was abolished for the 1950 general election, with the town of Evesham itself being transferred to the new seat of South Worcestershire. Between 1885 and 1918 the constituency had the full name of the Southern, or Evesham, Division of Worcestershire (not to be confused with the 1950 seat).

Boundaries[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

1604-1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1604-1611 Thomas Biggs Sir Philip Knightley, died
and replaced 1605 by
Robert Bowyer, appointed to crown office
and replaced 1610 by
Edward Salter
1614-1622 Sir Thomas Biggs Anthony Langston
1621 Sir Thomas Biggs Anthony Langston
1624 Sir Edward Conway Richard Cresheld
1625 Richard Cresheld Anthony Langston
1626 Sir John Hare Anthony Langston
1628 Sir Robert Harley Richard Cresheld
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

1640-1868[edit]

Year 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
April 1640 William Sandys [1] Royalist William Morton
November 1640 Richard Cresheld Parliamentarian
1641 John Coventry Royalist
September 1642 Coventry disabled from sitting - seat vacant
1645 Samuel Gardner
December 1648 Cresheld not recorded as sitting after Pride's Purge
1653 Evesham was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Theophilus Andrews Robert Atkyns
May 1659 Evesham was not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 John Egioke Sir Thomas Rouse
1661 William Sandys Abraham Cullen
1669 Sir John Hanmer
1670 Sir James Rushout
1679 Henry Parker
1681 Edward Rudge
1685 Henry Parker Sir John Matthewes
1690 Sir James Rushout Edward Rudge
1695 Henry Parker
1698 John Rudge
January 1701 Sir James Rushout
November 1701 Hugh Parker
1702 John Rudge
1708 Sir Edward Goodere
1705 John Deacle
1722 Sir John Rushout
1734 William Taylor
1741 Edward Rudge
1754 John Porter
1756 Edward Rudge
1761 John Rushout
1768 George Durant
1774 Henry Seymour
1780 Charles Boughton
1790 Thomas Thompson
1796 Charles Thellusson
1802 Patrick Craufurd Bruce
1806 William Manning Humphrey Howorth
1807 Sir Manasseh Masseh Lopes [2] Tory
1808 Humphrey Howorth
1818 William Rouse-Boughton
1819 Sir Charles Cockerell Whig
1820 William Rouse-Boughton
1826 Edward Davis-Protheroe
1830 Lord Kennedy
1831 Thomas Hudson Whig
1835 Peter Borthwick [3] Conservative
1837 George Rushout Conservative
1838 Lord Marcus Hill Whig
1841 Peter Borthwick Conservative
1847 Sir Henry Willoughby, Bt Conservative
1852 Grenville Berkeley Whig
1855 Edward Holland Whig
1859 Liberal
1865 James Bourne Conservative

1868-1950[edit]

Election Member Party
1868 James Bourne Conservative
1880 Daniel Rowlinson Ratcliff Liberal
July 1880 Frederick Lehmann [4] Liberal
1881 Frederick Dixon-Hartland Conservative
1885 Sir Richard Temple Conservative
1892 Sir Edmund Lechmere Conservative
1895 Colonel Charles Wigram Long Conservative
January 1910 Bolton Eyres-Monsell Conservative
1935 Rupert de la Bere Conservative
1950 constituency abolished

Notes

  1. ^ Expelled as a monopolist in 1641
  2. ^ On petition, Lopes was declared not to have been duly elected and his opponent, Howorth, was seated in his place
  3. ^ Borthwick was re-elected in 1837 but on petition his election was declared void and Hill declared elected in his place. A petition against the other successful candidate, Rushout, was dismissed. Borthwick and Rushout subsequently fought a duel over the outcome of the election.
  4. ^ On petition, Lehmann's election was declared void and his opponent Dixon-Hartland was declared elected in his place

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Evesham [1]

Electorate 9,522

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Richard Temple 4,080 51.5
Liberal 48.5 n/a
Majority 3.0 n/a
Turnout 83.3 n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General Election 1886: Evesham [2]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Richard Temple
Liberal
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Evesham [3]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Edmund Anthony Harley Lechmere 4,170 53.7
Liberal Frederick Impey 3,590 46.3
Majority 580 7.4
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
Evesham by-election, 1895[4]

Electorate 9,914

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Wigram Long 4,760 57.0 +3.3
Liberal Frederick Impey 3,585 43.0 -3.3
Majority 1,175 14.0 +6.6
Turnout 84.2
Conservative hold Swing +3.3
General Election 1895: Evesham [5]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Wigram Long unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Evesham [6]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Wigram Long unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General Election 1906: Evesham [7]

Electorate 9,756

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Wigram Long 4,385 50.5 n/a
Liberal A W Biggs 4,293 49.5 n/a
Majority 92 1.0 n/a
Turnout 89.0 n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Evesham [8]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Bolton Meredith Eyres-Monsell
Liberal W Burt
Majority
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Evesham [9]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Bolton Meredith Eyres-Monsell unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Evesham[10]

Electorate 28,931

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 10,479 62.0
Liberal William Pearce Ellis 3,570 21.1
Labour Walter Metcalfe Fielding 2,863 16.9
Majority 6,909 40.9
Turnout 58.5
Unionist hold Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Evesham[11]

Electorate 29,230

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Bolton Meredith Eyres-Monsell 11,502 59.9 -2.1
Labour Robert Aldington 7,715 40.1
Majority 3,787 19.8
Turnout 65.7 +7.2
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Evesham[12]

Electorate 29,729

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rt Hon. Bolton Meredith Eyres-Monsell 10,976 54.5 -5.4
Liberal William Henry Collett 5,453 27.1 n/a
Labour Robert Aldington 3,705 18.4 -21.7
Majority 5,523 27.4
Turnout 67.7
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Evesham[13]

Electorate 30,270

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rt Hon. Bolton Meredith Eyres-Monsell 13,176 66.5
Labour Robert Aldington 3,473 17.3
Liberal B R Swift 3,454 17.2
Majority 9,703 48.2
Turnout 66.4
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1929: Evesham[14]

Electorate 39,695

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rt Hon. Bolton Meredith Eyres-Monsell 14,694 48.4
Liberal Selick Davies 11,519 38.0
Labour Robert Aldington 4,138 13.6
Majority 3,175 10.4
Turnout 76.4
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Evesham[15]

Electorate 40,840

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Bolton Meredith Eyres-Monsell unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal
  • Harry Anson Briggs
n/a n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
  • withdrew
General Election 1935: Evesham[16]

Electorate 43,394

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rupert de la Bere 18,757 65.1 n/a
Labour W E Warder 6,264 21.8 n/a
Liberal Christopher a'Becket Williams 3,774 13.1 n/a
Majority 12,493 43.3 n/a
Turnout 66.4 n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Evesham[18]

Electorate 52,764

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rupert de la Bere 17,835 53.4
Liberal Duncan McGuffie 7,849 23.5
Common Wealth Fl-Lt. Desmond Louis Donnelly 7,727 23.1
Majority 9,986 29.9
Turnout 63.3
Conservative hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  11. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  12. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  13. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  14. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  16. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  17. ^ The Liberal Magazine, 1939
  18. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd edition ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
  • T. H. B. Oldfield, The Representative History of Great Britain and Ireland (London: Baldwin, Cradock & Joy, 1816)
  • Frederic A Youngs, jr, Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol II (London: Royal Historical Society, 1991)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]